TRIGLYCERIDE Basic information More..
Product Name:TRIGLYCERIDE
Synonyms:TRIGLYCERIDE
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MW:0
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Mol File:Mol File
TRIGLYCERIDE

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Triglyceride is a naturally occurring ester of a normal acid (fatty acid) and glycerol. These are the chief constituents of oils and fats having a general formula CH2(00CR1) CH(OOCR2) CH2(OOCR3) where R1, R2 and R3 are of different alkyl chains. The refining processes often yield commercial products in which the R chain lengths are the same. Saponification with alkali releases glycerol and alkali metal salts of fatty acids (soaps). Triglycerides represent a concentrated source of energy since oxidation provides more energy than an equivalent weight of protein or carbohydrate. The chemical and physical properties depend on the nature of the fatty acids present. Saturated acids give rise to fats with a higher melting point, as in butter and lard. Unsaturation lowers the melting point of fats. Thus, unsaturated fatty acids are present in large amounts in the oil of plants, for example, oleic acid in olive oil and linoleic and linolenic acids in linseed oil.

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