ChemicalBook > Product Catalog >Biochemical Engineering >Plant extracts >CYTISINE


CYTISINE Suppliers list
Company Name: Chengdu ChenLv Herb Co.,Ltd
Tel: +undefined13608205856
Products Intro: Product Name:Cytisine
Purity:98% Package:25kg;|15kg;|5kg;
Company Name: Xi'an ZB Biotech Co.,Ltd
Tel: +8618591943808
Products Intro: Product Name:CYTISINE
Purity:99% Package:10gram;2.6USD|100gram;2.3USD|1000gram;2.2USD
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
Tel: +86-0371-66670886
Products Intro: Product Name:CYTISINE
Purity:99% Package:100g ;1KG ;5KG 25KG
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: +86-0371-55170693 +86-19937530512
Products Intro: Product Name:TIANFU-CHEM CYTISINE
Purity:99% Package:25KG;5KG;1KG
Company Name: Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
Tel: +8615858145714
Products Intro: Product Name:Cytisine;Baptitoxine;Sophorine;Cytisinicline;Baphitoxine;Baphitoxine fandachem
Purity:As coa Package:As request Remarks:485-35-8

CYTISINE manufacturers

  • CYTISINE pictures
  • $0.00 / 20MG
  • 2023-11-21
  • CAS:485-35-8
  • Min. Order: 20MG
  • Purity: ≥98% HPLC
  • Supply Ability: 1000KG
  • CYTISINE pictures
  • $2.60 / 10gram
  • 2023-08-18
  • CAS:485-35-8
  • Min. Order: 10gram
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 100kg
  • Cytisine
  • Cytisine pictures
  • $0.00 / 25kg
  • 2023-08-08
  • CAS:485-35-8
  • Min. Order: 1kg
  • Purity: 98%
  • Supply Ability: 5tons
CYTISINE Basic information
Description Biological Functions References
Product Name:CYTISINE
Synonyms:LABURNIN;LABURNINE;(1R-5S)-1,2,3,4,5,6-HEXAHYDRO-1,5-METHANO-8H-PYRIDO[1,2-A][1,5]DIAZOCIN-8-ONE;7,11-DIAZATRICYCLO[,7)]TRIDECA-2,4-DIEN-6-ONE;(-)-Cytisine, (1S,9S)-3,11-Diazatricyclo[,8]trideca-5,7-dien-4-one, (1R,5S)-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-1,5-methano-8H-pyrido[1,2a][1,5]diazocin-8-one;(-)-Cytisine 19000;(1R,5S)-1,2,3,4,5,6-Hexahydro-1,5-methanopyrido[1,2-a][1,5]diazocin-8-one;1,5-Methano-8H-pyrido1,2-a1,5diazocin-8-one, 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-, (1R,5S)-
Product Categories:Heterocycles;Intermediates & Fine Chemicals;Pharmaceuticals;Heterocyclic Compounds;Neurochemicals;Nicotine Derivatives;Inhibitors;CYTITON;natural product;chemical reagent;pharmaceutical intermediate;phytochemical;reference standards from Chinese medicinal herbs (TCM).;standardized herbal extract
Mol File:485-35-8.mol
CYTISINE Structure
CYTISINE Chemical Properties
Melting point 154-156 °C (lit.)
Boiling point 218 °C/2 mmHg (lit.)
alpha D17 -120°
density 1.0815 (rough estimate)
refractive index 1.5700 (estimate)
storage temp. Keep in dark place,Sealed in dry,2-8°C
solubility 439g/l
pka6.11, 13.08(at 25℃)
form powder
color light yellow
optical activity[α]/D -108±3°, c = 1% in ethanol
Water Solubility 439g/L(16 ºC)
Merck 14,2789
LogP0.172 (est)
CAS DataBase Reference485-35-8
NIST Chemistry ReferenceCytisine(485-35-8)
EPA Substance Registry SystemCytisine (485-35-8)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes T
Risk Statements 25-36/37/38
Safety Statements 26-28-36/37-45
RIDADR UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 3
RTECS HA4025000
HazardClass 6.1(b)
PackingGroup III
HS Code 29399990
Hazardous Substances Data485-35-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 in mice (mg/kg): 1.73 i.v.; 9.4 i.p.; 101 orally (Barlow, McLeod)
MSDS Information
SigmaAldrich English
CYTISINE Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionCytisine (also known as baptitoxine and sophorine) is a kind of naturally occurring alkaloid that can be found in several plant genera including Laburnum and Cytisus in the family Fabaceae. It has been shown that it is effective in the smoking cessation treatment. It is a low efficacy partial agonist of alpha4-beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, which is the central target of the nicotine that facilitates addiction. Cytisine is capable of reducing the effect of nicotine on dopamine release on the mesolimbic system as well as attenuating the nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Cytisine is also a useful reagent for organic chemistry such as being used for the manufacture of sparteine surrogate.
Biological FunctionsCytisine has a physiological action similar to that of nicotine. Poisoning in Europe is generally from laburnum trees (Laburnum anagyroides, Leguminosae), while, in the tropics and America, Sophora species (Leguminosae) are often the cause. The alkaloid occurs in all parts of laburnum, but is most concentrated in the seeds, which can be mistaken for peas by children. Cytisine does not always affect cattle, but this compound can be excreted in milk and so poison children.
DescriptionIt is an alkaloid that occurs naturally in several plant genera, such as Laburnum and Cytisus of the family Fabaceae. Pi-Zhen-Ye-Huang-Hua (Thermopsis lanceolata R.Br) contains large amount of cytisine, and it is distributed in the northeast, north, and northwest of China. This herb has been traditionally used for treating cough in China and was recorded in “Yue-Wang-Yao-Zhen,”“Jing-ZhuBen-Cao,”“Zhong-Hua-Ben-Cao,” and “Ning-Xia-Zhong-Cao-Yao-Shou-Ce.”
Chemical PropertiesOff-White to Tan Crystalline Solid
Physical propertiesAppearance: white or yellow powder. Solubility: soluble in water, pyridine, acetone, ethanol, and methanol and only slightly soluble in benzene but insoluble in petroleum ether. Melting point: 154–156?°C. Specific optical rotation: ?114.0 to ?116.0° (C?=?0.1, H2O). Toxic, stable under room temperature, and should be kept in a dry and dark place.
HistoryThe largest amount of cytisine (about 1–5%) is also found in the seeds of common garden decorative plant Du-Dou (Laburnum anagyroides). In the early twentieth century, cytisine was identified as the toxic component of this plant. The extracts of Laburnum seeds or flowers have been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years. In the Second World War, the leaves of Laburnum anagyroides were used as a tobacco substitute by soldiers. In 1960s, cytisine was firstly used as a smoking cessation aid in Bulgaria. The pharmacological and clinical studies of cytisine were also conducted in other Eastern European countries such as Poland and Russia. These results were promising. Stoyanov S. and Yanachkova M. studied 70 volunteers with a long experience in smoking. They found that 57% volunteers stopped smoking and 31.4% volunteers decreased cigarettes: reduction of the cigarettes smoked from 20–30 to 3–4 a day. Cytisine was developed and marked as Tabex? (Sopharma, Bulgaria), which has been widely distributed in the Eastern Europe .
UsesToxic priniciple in seed of Laburnum anagyroides and other Leguminosae. A neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine agonist. Toxic priniciple in seed of Laburnum anagyroides and other Leguminosae. A neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine agonist.
UsesCytisine occurs in the seeds of Cytisus labur num L. and other Leguminosae.
Usesantiinflammatory, respiratory stimulant
IndicationsIt is the first effective medicine in the world for smoking cessation, which does not contain nicotine and antidepressants. It is administered perorally according to the following schedule:
First 3 days: one tablet six times daily (every 2 h) with a parallel reduction of the number of cigarettes smoked.
If the result is unsatisfactory, the treatment is discontinued, and a new therapy can be resumed after 2–3 months. In case of good effect, the treatment should continue according to the following schedule:
Fourth to 12th day: one tablet every 2 and 1/2 h (five tablets daily)
Thirteenth to 16th day: one tablet every 3 h (four tablets daily)
Seventeenth to 20th day: one tablet every 5 h (three tablets daily)
Twenty-first to 25th day: one to two tablets daily
DefinitionChEBI: An organic heterotricyclic compound that is the toxic principle in Laburnum seeds and is found in many members of the Fabaceae (legume, pea or bean) family. An acetylcholine agonist, it is widely used throughout Eastern Europe as n aid to giving up smoking.
General DescriptionCystine ((1R,5S)-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydro-1,5-methano-8H-pyrido[1,2a][1,5]diazocin-8-one) displays classical antidepressant action in various animal models of antidepressant efficacy. Infrared and Raman spectral studies suggest that it has two stable conformers.
Health HazardCytisine is highly toxic to humans and ani mals. Ingestions may cause nausea, vomiting,and convulsions. Death may occur from respiratory failure
LD50 value, oral (rats): 101 mg/kg.
Biological ActivityA potent, selective agonist at neuronal nicotinic receptors. Acts as a partial agonist at β 2-containing nicotinic receptors.
Biochem/physiol ActionsPotent agonist at α3β4 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and partial agonist at α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors.
PharmacologyTobacco smoking is one of the main threats to human health. Nicotine is responsible for the dependence of tobacco, and it is commonly accepted that nicotine addiction results from its interaction with neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Cytisine has a similar chemical structure to that of nicotine, and in?vitro binding assays showed that cytisine possesses selective binding affinity for nAChRs, which is superior to that of nicotine and many other nAChR agonists. In vivo studies indicated that cytisine moderately increased the dopamine level in the mesolimbic system and attenuate the withdrawal symptoms.
Clinical UseCytisine has been used in the Eastern European countries for many years because of its proven benefits and low cost as compared with other cessation medications. A recent clinical trial in New Zealand found that at 1?month, continuous abstinence from smoking was reported for 40% of participants receiving cytisine (264 of 655) and 31% of participants receiving nicotine replacement therapy (203 of 655) . The available data indicates that cytisine is generally well-tolerated in human. However, high dosages of cytisine can be toxic.
storageroom temperature (desiccate)
Purification MethodsCrystallise cytisine from acetone and sublime it in a vacuum. Its solubilities are: 77% (H2O), 7.7% (Me2CO), 28.6% (EtOH), 3.3% (*C6H6), 50% (CHCl3) but it is insoluble in pet ether. The tartrate has m 206-207o [] D +45.9o, the N-tosylate has m 206-207o, and the N-acetate has m 208o. [Bohlmann et al. Angew Chem 67 708 1955, van Tamelen & Baran J Am Chem Soc 77 4944 1955, Isolation: Ing J Chem Soc 2200 1931, Govindachari et al. J Chem Soc 3839 1957, Abs config: Okuda et al. Chem Ind (London) 1751 1961, Beilstein 24 H 134, 24 I 244, 24 II 70, 24 III/IV 321.] TOXIC.
ReferencesHusemann, Marme., Z. Chem., 161 (1865)
Husemann., ibid, 677 (1869)
Galovinsky, Goldberger, pohm., Monatsh., 80, 550 (194
Tag:CYTISINE(485-35-8) Related Product Information
1-ACETYL-3-METHYLPIPERIDINE (1-ETHYL-3-PIPERIDINYL)METHYLAMINE 1-PROPYL-2(1H)-PYRIDINONE AKOS 245-47 N,N-DIMETHYL-3-PIPERIDINEMETHANAMINE 1-(1-ETHYLPIPERIDIN-3-YL)-N-METHYLMETHANAMINE 3-Acetylaminomethyl piperidine Cytisine, 12-methyl- 1-Butyl-2(1H)-pyridinone 1-ACETYLPIPERIDINE 3-Piperidinemethanamine,N,1-dimethyl-(9CI) (S)-C-PIPERIDIN-3-YL-METHYLAMINE 3-Aminomethyl-piperidine N,N-DIETHYLACRYLAMIDE 3-BENZYL-1,2,3,4,5,6-HEXAHYDRO-1,5-METHANO-PYRIDO[1,2-A][1,5]DIAZOCIN-8-ONE 1,5-DIAZACYCLOOCTANE N,N-dimethyl((R)-piperidin-3-yl)methanamine AKOS 213-124