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Benzyl chloride

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Company Name: Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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Purity:99% Package:1KG;10USD
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
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Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
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Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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Purity:98% Package:25g;50g;100g;500g;1kg;10kg;50kg

Lastest Price from Benzyl chloride manufacturers

  • Benzyl chloride
  • US $120.00 / G
  • 2018-12-29
  • CAS:100-44-7
  • Min. Order: 10G
  • Purity: 99.6%
  • Supply Ability: 600kg/month
  • Benzyl chloride
  • US $2.00 / kg
  • 2018-12-19
  • CAS:100-44-7
  • Min. Order: 1kg
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: ask
  • Benzyl chloride
  • US $1.00 / G
  • 2018-09-14
  • CAS:100-44-7
  • Min. Order: 100G
  • Purity: 99.9%
  • Supply Ability: 50000tons
Benzyl chloride Basic information
Product Name:Benzyl chloride
Synonyms:ALPHA-CHLOROTOLUENE;AKOS BBS-00003953;(chloromethyl)-benzen;(Chloromethyl)benzene;(chloromethyl)-Benzene;1-Chloromethylbenzene;1-Chlorome-thylbenzene;ai3-15518
Product Categories:Aromatics;Intermediates & Fine Chemicals;Pharmaceuticals;Aryl;Building Blocks;C7;Chemical Synthesis;Halogenated Hydrocarbons;Organic Building Blocks;API Intermediate;alkyl chloride;Pharmaceutical Intermediates;Organics;Biochemistry;Reagents for Oligosaccharide Synthesis
Mol File:100-44-7.mol
Benzyl chloride Structure
Benzyl chloride Chemical Properties
Melting point -39 °C
Boiling point 179 °C
density 1.1 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 4.36 (vs air)
vapor pressure 10.3 mm Hg ( 60 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.538(lit.)
Fp 165 °F
storage temp. 0-6°C
solubility soluble0.46g/L at 30°C (Decomposes in contact with water)
form Liquid
color Clear colorless to slightly yellow
OdorPungent, irritating.
explosive limit1.1-14%(V)
Water Solubility 0.3 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 14,1129
BRN 471308
Stability:Unstable - inhibitors such as propylene oxide or trimethylamine are usually added to prevent polymerization. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, acids, most common metals, dimethyl sulfoxide. Above flash point vapour-air mixtures are explosive within the limits noted above. Contact with water produces toxic fumes.
CAS DataBase Reference100-44-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceBenzyl chloride(100-44-7)
EPA Substance Registry SystemBenzene, (chloromethyl)-(100-44-7)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes T,T+
Risk Statements 45-22-23-37/38-41-48/22-43-26-46
Safety Statements 53-45-36/37/39-28-26-36/37
RIDADR UN 1738 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 3
RTECS XS8925000
Autoignition Temperature585 °C
HazardClass 6.1
PackingGroup II
HS Code 29039990
Hazardous Substances Data100-44-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 440 mg/kg
MSDS Information
SigmaAldrich English
ACROS English
ALFA English
Benzyl chloride Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesColorless to yellow liquid
Chemical PropertiesBenzyl chloride is a colorless to s lightly yellow liquid with a strong, unpleasant, irritating odor. The Odor Threshold is 0.05 ppm.
UsesAn intermediate in the preparation of phenylacetic acid (precursor to phamaceuticals). Also a precursor molecule to benzyl esters which are used as plasticizer, flavorants, and perfumes.
DefinitionChEBI: A member of the class of benzyl chlorides that is toluene substituted on the alpha-carbon with chlorine.
Usesmanufacture of benzyl Compounds, perfumes, pharmaceutical products, dyes, synthetic tannins, artificial resins.
General DescriptionA colorless liquid with an irritating odor. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Flash point 153°F. Slightly soluble in water. Corrosive to metals and tissue. A lachrymator. Density 9.2 lb /gal.
Air & Water ReactionsA lachrymator. Slightly soluble in water.
Reactivity ProfileHalogenated aliphatic compounds, such as Benzyl chloride, are moderately or very reactive. Reactivity generally decreases with increased degree of substitution of halogen for hydrogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, and epoxides.
HazardHighly toxic, intense eye and skin irritant. A lachrymator. Upper respiratory tract irritant. Prob- able carcinogen.
Health HazardIntensely irritating to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Highly toxic; may cause death or permanent injury after very short exposure to small quantities. Has been listed as a direct-acting or primary carcinogen. Large doses cause central nervous system depression.
Fire HazardBenzyl chloride burns but does not ignite readily. Benzyl chloride may ignite combustibles. When heated to decomposition, Benzyl chloride emits toxic and corrosive fumes. Some organic chlorides decompose to yield phosgene. Incompatible with active metals such as copper, aluminum, magnesium, iron, zinc, and tin and keep from strong oxidizing agents. Avoid contact with acids or acid fumes. Keep separate from oxidizing materials. May become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures; may react with water resulting in some nonviolent release of energy. Polymerizes with evolution of heat and hydrogen chloride when in contact with all common metals except nickel and lead.
Fire HazardFlash Point (°F): 165 ℃, 140 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): 1.1 (LEL); Fire Extinguishing Agents: Water, dry chemical, foam, and carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Not pertinent; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating hydrogen chloride gas forms; Behavior in Fire: Forms vapor that is a powerful tear gas; Ignition Temperature (°F): 1,161; Electrical Hazard: No data; Burning Rate: 4.2 mm/min.
Chemical ReactivityReactivity with Water Undergoes slow hydrolysis, liberating hydrogen chloride (hydrochloric acid); Reactivity with Common Materials: Decomposes rapidly in the presence of all common metals (with the exception of nickel and lead), liberating heat and hydrogen chloride; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Rinse with sodium bicarbonate or lime solution; Polymerization: Polymerizes with evolution of heat and hydrogen chloride when in contact with all common metals except nickel and lead; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Triethylamine, propylene oxide or sodium carbonate.
Potential ExposureUsed as an intermediate and as an irritant gas in chemical warfare. In contrast to phenyl halides, benzyl halides are very reactive. Benzyl chloride is used in production of benzal chloride, benzyl alcohol, and benzaldehyde. Industrial usage includes the manufacture of plastics, dyes, synthetic tannins, perfumes and resins. It is used in the manufacture of many pharmaceuticals. Suggested uses of benzyl chloride include: the vulcanization of fluororubbers and the benzylation of phenol and its derivatives for the production of possible disinfectants.
First aidIf this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. If victim is conscious, administer water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.
ShippingUN1738 Benzyl chloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poisonous materials, 8—Corrosive material.
Purification MethodsDry it with MgSO4 or CaSO4, or reflux it with fresh Ca turnings, then fractionally distil it under reduced pressure, collecting the middle fraction and storing it over CaH2 or P2O5. It has also been purified by passage through a column of alumina. Alternatively it is dried over MgSO4 and distilled in a vacuum. The middle fraction is degassed by several freeze-thaw cycles and then fractionated in an 'isolated fractionating column' (which has been evacuated and sealed off at ~10-6 mm) over a steam bath. The middle fraction is retained. The final samples are distilled in a vacuum from this sample and again retaining the middle fraction. The purity is >99.9% (no other peaks are visible by GLC, and the NMR spectrum is consistent with the structure. [Mohammed & Kosower J Am Chem Soc 93 1709 1971, Beilstein 5 IV 809.] IRRITANT and strongly LACHRYMATORY.
IncompatibilitiesMay form explosive mixture with air. Contact with water forms hydrogen chloride fumes. Strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. Unstabilized benzyl chloride undergoes polymerization with copper, aluminum, iron, zinc, magnesium, tin, and other common metals except lead and nickel, with the liberation of heat and hydrogen chloride gas. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors. Attacks some plastics and rubber. Thermal decomposition and polymerization reactions are inhibited, to a limited extent, by addition of triethylamine, propylene oxide, or sodium carbonate.
Waste DisposalIncineration @ 816 C for 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion and 1204 C for 12.0 second for secondary combustion. Elemental chlorine formation may be alleviated by injection of steam or methane into the combustion process.
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