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Succinic anhydride

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Succinic anhydride manufacturers

  • Succinic anhydride
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  • 2023-03-24
  • CAS:108-30-5
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  • CAS:108-30-5
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Succinic anhydride Basic information
Product Name:Succinic anhydride
Synonyms:2,5(3H,4H)-Furandione;5-Furandione,dihydro-2;bernsteinsaureanhydrid;dihydro-5-furandione;NCI-C55696;Oxolan-2,5-dione;rikacidsa;Succinyl anhydride
Product Categories:Building Blocks;Carbonyl Compounds;Carboxylic Acid Anhydrides;Chemical Synthesis;Organic Building Blocks;Heterocycles;Isotope Labelled Compounds;SuccinicSeries;Fine chemicals;bc0001;108-30-5
Mol File:108-30-5.mol
Succinic anhydride Structure
Succinic anhydride Chemical Properties
Melting point 118-120 °C (lit.)
Boiling point 261 °C (lit.)
density 1,572 g/cm3
vapor density 3.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 1 mm Hg ( 92 °C)
refractive index 1.4688 (estimate)
Fp 157°C
storage temp. Store below +30°C.
solubility 62.9g/l Hydrolysis
form Solid
pka4.67[at 20 ℃]
color White to Off-White
Specific Gravity1.2340 (20℃)
PH2.7 (10g/l, H2O)
Water Solubility <0.1 g/100 mL at 21 ºC (decomposes)
Sensitive Moisture Sensitive
Merck 14,8870
BRN 108441
Stability:Stable. Incompatible with oxidising agents, strong acids, strong bases, alcohols, amines. Avoid exposure to water or moisture.
LogP2.44 at 40℃
CAS DataBase Reference108-30-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC3 (Vol. 15, Sup 7) 1987
NIST Chemistry Reference2,5-Furandione, dihydro-(108-30-5)
EPA Substance Registry SystemSuccinic anhydride (108-30-5)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xi,Xn
Risk Statements 36/37-22
Safety Statements 25-46
WGK Germany 1
RTECS WN0875000
Autoignition Temperature480 °C
HS Code 29171990
Hazardous Substances Data108-30-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 1510 mg/kg
MSDS Information
Butanedioic anhydride English
SigmaAldrich English
ACROS English
ALFA English
Succinic anhydride Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionSuccinic anhydride, also called di hydro - 2,5- furandione , is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H4O3.This colorless solid is the acid anhydride of succinic acid.
Chemical Propertiesfine white crystalline solid
UsesSuccinic Anhydride is an acidulant that hydrolyzes very slowly to succinic acid in water. it has thermal stability and a low melting point of 118°c which permits it to be used in products at compara- tively low temperatures. it is used as a leavening acidulant for bak- ing powder.
UsesIt was used in the preparation of covalently cross-linked oxidized-alginate/N-succinyl-chitosan hydrogels, as injectable systems towards tissue engineering.It was also used in preparing functionalized oxide surfaces on a chip.
UsesSuccinic Anhydride is a useful compound in the paper manufacturing process.
PreparationA solution of succinic acid (500 mg, 42 mmol) and triethylamine (1.23 mL, 42 mmol) in anhydrous THF (120 mL) was allowed to react with triphosgene (42 mg, 7.0 mmol) at ice-water temperature for 10 min. The reaction mixture was subsequently stirred for a further 15 min at room temperature. The solution was then filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness. The residue was crystallized from ethyl acetate to afford the desired product as white crystals (370 mg, 85%).
Production MethodsThe compound is produced from succinic anhydride and hydrogen peroxide . This material must be stabilized by using a dehydrating agent such as disodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate.
ApplicationAlkyl succinic anhydride (ASA) is used as a sizing agent or wet strength additive in paper production.
Synthesis Reference(s)Synthetic Communications, 23, p. 419, 1993 DOI: 10.1080/00397919308009796
General DescriptionColorless needles or white crystalline solid. Melting point 237°F. Sublimes at 239°F at 5 mm Hg pressure; and at 198°F and 1 mm Hg pressure. Moderately toxic and an irritant.
Air & Water ReactionsReacts slowly with water. Insoluble in water.
Reactivity ProfileSuccinic anhydride reacts exothermically with water. Reactions are usually slow, but might become violent if local heating accelerates their rate. Acids accelerate the reaction with water. Incompatible with acids, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines, and bases.
Fire HazardFlash point data for Succinic anhydride are not available, however, Succinic anhydride is probably combustible.
Flammability and ExplosibilityNotclassified
Safety ProfileExperimental teratogenic effects. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe eye irritant. Mutation data reported. Questionable carcinogen with experimental neoplastigenic data. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ANHYDRIDES.
Purification MethodsCrystallise the anhydride from redistilled acetic anhydride or CHCl3, then filter, wash with diethyl ether and dry it in a vacuum. [Beilstein 17 H 606, 17 V 6.]
Tag:Succinic anhydride(108-30-5) Related Product Information
Diphenylphosphoryl azide 2-(3-Undecenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(9-Icocenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(2-Henicosenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(9-Docosenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(1-Undecenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(11-Icocenyl)succinic anhydride [(E)-2-Dodecenyl]succinic anhydride,2-[(E)-2-Dodecenyl]succinic anhydride,trans-(2-Dodecenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(5-Henicosenyl)succinic anhydride (-)-O-ACETYL-L-MALIC ANHYDRIDE 2-(6-Henicosenyl)succinic anhydride 2-(20-Henicosenyl)succinic anhydride (2,7-OCTADIEN-1-YL)SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE Cyclobutane-1,2,3,4-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (S)-(-)-2-(TRIFLUOROACETAMIDO)SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE cis-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydrophthalic anhydride MALICANHYDRIDE Caronic anhydride