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Lithium hydride

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CAS:7580-67-8
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Lithium hydride manufacturers

  • Lithium hydride
  • $10.00 / Kg/Drum
  • 2022-01-21
  • CAS:7580-67-8
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 5000tons per month
  • Lithium hydride
  • $100.00 / KG/Tin
  • 2022-01-21
  • CAS:7580-67-8
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 10Tons
  • Lithium hydride
  • $10.00 / KG
  • 2022-01-20
  • CAS:7580-67-8
  • Min. Order: 100KG/Tin
  • Purity: 98%
  • Supply Ability: 5000kg/month
Lithium hydride Basic information
Product Name:Lithium hydride
Synonyms:Lithium hydride, pure, 98%;Lithiumhydride,min.95%;LITHIUM HYDRIDE , -30 MESH;Lithium hydride, 99.4% (metals basis);Lithium hydride, 98%, pure;Lithium hydride, 98%, in resealable cans, pure;Lithium hydride, min. 95%;Hydride lithium
CAS:7580-67-8
MF:HLi
MW:7.95
EINECS:231-484-3
Product Categories:metal hydrides;Materials for Hydrogen Storage;Metal Hydrides;Metal HydridesAlternative Energy;Reduction;Synthetic Reagents
Mol File:7580-67-8.mol
Lithium hydride Structure
Lithium hydride Chemical Properties
Melting point 680 °C(lit.)
density 0.82 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp. Store below +30°C.
solubility Slightly soluble in dimethylformamide. Insoluble in acetone, benzene and toluene.
form powder
color White to gray
PH>7 (21g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility reacts
Sensitive Air & Moisture Sensitive
Merck 14,5533
Exposure limitsTLV-TWA 0.025 mg/m3 (ACGIH).
CAS DataBase Reference7580-67-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceLithium hydride(7580-67-8)
EPA Substance Registry SystemLithium hydride (7580-67-8)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes F,C,T
Risk Statements 14-34-25-14/15
Safety Statements 16-26-27-36/37/39-7/8-45-25
RIDADR UN 1414 4.3/PG 1
WGK Germany 2
RTECS OJ6300000
10
TSCA Yes
HazardClass 4.3
PackingGroup I
HS Code 28500090
Hazardous Substances Data7580-67-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in Rabbit: 78 mg/kg
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
ACROS English
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
Lithium hydride Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesLithium hydride (LiH) is a crystalline salt substance(face-centered cubic) that is white in its pure form, As an engineering material, it has properties of interest in many technologies. For example,the high hydrogen content and light weight of LiH make it useful for neutron shields and moderators in nuclear power plants. In addition, the high heat of fusion combined with light weight make LiH appropriate for heat storage media for solar power plants on satellites and may be used as a heat sink for different applications. Typically, processes for production of LiH involve handling of LiH at temperatures above its meltingpoint (688 DC). Type 304L stainless steel is utilized for many process components handling molten LiH.
lithium hydride 3d model
Lithium hydride is a typical ionic hydride with lithium cations and hydride anions. Electrolysis of molten material results in formation of lithium metal at the cathode and hydrogen at the anode. The lithium hydride-water reaction, which results in the release of hydrogen gas, is also indicative of a negatively charged hydrogen.
Chemical PropertiesLithium hydride is an off-white to grayish, translucent, odorless solid or white powder that darkens rapidly on exposure to light.
Physical propertiesWhite crystalline solid; cubic crystals; density 0.82 g/cm3; melts at 686.4°C; decomposes in water; soluble in acids.
UsesLithium hydride is used in the manufactureof lithium aluminum hydride and silane, as apowerful reducing agent, as a condensationagent in organic synthesis, as a portablesource of hydrogen, and as a lightweight nuclear shielding material. It is now beingused for storing thermal energy for spacepower systems (Morris et al. 1988).
UsesLithium hydride is a bluish-white crystal that is flammable in moisture. Used as a source of hydrogen gas that is liberated when LiH becomes wet. LiH is an excellent desiccant and reducing agent as well as a shield that protects from radiation created by nuclear reactions.
Uses
Industry
Application
Role/benefit
Hydrogen
Hydrogen storage
Storage material/has the highest hydrogen content of any hydride
Hydrogen preparation
Hydrogen source/reacts violently with water to yield hydrogen
Nuclear
Nuclear reactors
Neutron shield material
Thermonuclear weapons
Fusion fuel (lithium-6 deuteride)
Astronomy
Rocket fuel
Excellent thermal value
Organic chemistry
Synthesis of complex metal hydrides
Raw material
Preparation of LiAlH4,LiBH4 and LiBHET3 ,etc.
Preparation of other hydrides amides and 2H isotopic compound
Reducing agent
 
PreparationLithium hydride is prepared by heating lithium metal with hydrogen above 440°C. The reaction is exothermic and can be controlled once it is initiated, without external heating. The heat of formation is greater than that of sodium hydride: 2Li + H2 → 2LiH
Definitionlithium hydride: A white solid,LiH; cubic; r.d. 0.82; m.p. 680°C; decomposesat about 850°C. It is producedby direct combination of theelements at temperatures above500°C. The bonding in lithium hydrideis believed to be largely ionic;i.e. Li+H- as supported by the factthat hydrogen is released from theanode on electrolysis of the moltensalt. The compound reacts violentlyand exothermically with water toyield hydrogen and lithium hydroxide.It is used as a reducing agent toprepare other hydrides and the 2Hisotopic compound, lithiumdeuteride, is particularly valuable fordeuterating a range of organic compounds.Lithium hydride has alsobeen used as a shielding material forthermal neutrons.
ReactionsLithium hydride reacts vigorously with water, forming lithium hydroxide with the evolution of hydrogen:
LiH + H2O → LiOH + H2
The hydride also reacts with ammonia forming lithium amide and evolving hydrogen:
LiH + NH3 → LiNH2 + H2
Lithium hydride is a strong reducing agent and would, therefore, react with compounds that contain oxygen. Even many highly stable oxides of metals and nonmetals can be reduced. It reduces metal oxides to metals and carbon dioxide to carbon:
Fe3O4 + 4LiH → 3Fe + 4NaOH
2LiH + CO2 → Li2O + C + H2O
It undergoes violent reactions with oxidizing agents.
Lithium hydride reacts with aluminum hydride forming lithium aluminum hydride, a powerful reducing agent: LiH + AlH3 → LiAlH4
Lithium hydride consisting of Li+ and H– ions exhibits properties of an ionic salt, both cationic and anionic; such as a strong electrolyte. Thus, when electrolyzed at temperatures slightly below its melting point, it dissociates to Li+ and H¯ ions. Hydrogen gas is liberated at the anode.
The hydride ion, H:¯ being a strong base, would react with alcohols, forming alkoxides and liberating hydrogen:
CH3CH2OH + LiH → CH3CH2OLi + H2
(ethanol)      (lithium ethoxide)
(CH3)3COH + LiH → (CH3)3COLi + H2
(tert-butanol)    (lithium tert-butoxide)
General DescriptionA white or translucent crystalline mass or powder. The commercial product is light bluish-gray lumps due to the presence of minute amounts of colloidally dispersed lithium.
Air & Water ReactionsBurns readily in air, particularly if powdered. May ignite spontaneously in moist air. Reacts rapidly with water to form caustic lithium hydroxide and hydrogen [Bretherick 1979 p. 107].
Reactivity ProfileLithium hydride is a strong reducing agent. May decompose violently in contact with most oxidizing materials. Reacts exothermically with water to form caustic lithium hydroxide and hydrogen gas; the hydrogen may ignite. May ignite spontaneously in moist air. Mixtures with liquid oxygen are explosive. Ignites on contact with dinitrogen oxide [Mellor, 1967, vol. 8, suppl. 2.2, p. 214].
Health HazardThe health hazard due to lithium hydride maybe attributed to the following properties: (1)corrosivity of the hydride, (2) its hydrolysisto strongly basic lithium hydroxide, and (3)toxicity of the lithium metal. However, thelatter property, which may arise becauseof the formation of lithium resulting fromthe decomposition of lithium hydride andthe metabolic role of lithium, is not yetestablished.
This compound is highly corrosive to skin.Contact with eyes can produce severe irritationand possible injury. It can hydrolyzewith body fluid, forming lithium hydroxide,which is also corrosive to the skin andharmful to the eyes. Animal tests indicatedthat exposure to its dust or vapor at a levelexceeding 10 mg/m3 eroded the body fur andskin, caused severe inflammation of the eyes,and led to the destruction of external nasalseptum (ACGIH 1986). No chronic effectswere observed.
Fire HazardIn a fire, irritating alkali fumes may form. Lithium hydride can form airborne dust clouds which may explode on contact with flame, heat, or oxidizing materials. Additionally, spontaneous ignition occurs when nitrous oxide and Lithium hydride are mixed. Lithium hydride also forms explosive mixtures with liquid oxygen. Contact with heat, moisture or acid causes exothermic reaction and evolution of hydrogen as well as lithium hydroxide. Incompatible with air and moisture, nitrous oxide, strong oxidizers, and liquid oxygen. Lithium hydride may ignite spontaneously in air and should be maintained and handled out of contact with air and moisture. Any contact with nitrous oxide; airborne powders may ignite upon reaching moisture.
Safety ProfilePoison by inhalation. A severe eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Upon contact with moisture, lithium hydroxide is formed. The LiOH formed is very caustic and therefore highly toxic, particularly to lungs and respiratory tract, skin, and mucous membranes. The powder ignttes spontaneously in air. The solid can ignite spontaneously in moist air. Mixtures of the powder with liquid oxygen are explosive. Ignttes on contact with dinitrogen oxide, oxygen + moisture. To fight fire, use special mixtures of dry chemical. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS and HYDRIDES.
Potential ExposureLithium hydride is used in preparation of lithium aluminum hydride; as a desiccant; it is used in hydrogen generators and in organic synthesis as a reducing agent and condensing agent with ketones and acid esters; it is reportedly used in thermonuclear weapons.
storageThe product should be handled under an inert atmosphere to avoid contamination and a fire. Powdered lithium hydride burns readily when exposed to the air. However, large pieces of the material are less flammable. Lithium hydride, like other strong bases, is harmful to the skin and should be handled with caution.
ShippingUN1414 Lithium, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3-Dangerous when wet material. UN2805 Lithium hydride, fused solid, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3- Dangerous when wet material
Purification MethodsIt should be a white powder; otherwise replace it. It darkens rapidly on exposure to air and is decomposed by H2O to give H2 and LiOH, and reacts with lower alcohols. One gram in H2O liberates 2.8L of H2 (could be explosive). [D.nges in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 987 1963.]
IncompatibilitiesA Strong reducing agent. Incompatible with oxidizers, halogenated hydrocarbons; acids can cause fire and explosion. Reacts with water, forming caustic lithium hydroxide and flammable hydrogen gas; reaction may cause ignition. May ignite spontaneously in moist air and may reignite after fire is extinguished. Dangerous when wet. Reacts with water to form hydrogen and lithium hydroxide. Powdered form and liquid oxygen form an explosive compound. Decomposes exothermically on contact with acids and upon heating to about 500C, producing flammable hydrogen gas. Reacts with carboxylic acids, lower alcohols; chlorine, and ammonia (at 400C), forming explosive hydrogen gas.
Waste DisposalLithium hydride may be mixed with sand, sprayed with butanol and then with water, neutralized and flushed to a sewer with water
Lithium hydride Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materialsHydrogen
Preparation ProductsBoron nitride
Tag:Lithium hydride(7580-67-8) Related Product Information
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