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Poly(acrylic acid)

Poly(acrylic acid) Suppliers list
Company Name: HEBEI YINGONG NEW MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD
Tel: +8619933070948
Email: claire@hbyingong.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Carbomer 940
CAS:9003-01-4
Purity:99% Package:1KG;200USD
Company Name: Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
Tel: +86-0551-65418679
Email: info@tnjchem.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Carbomer
Purity:USP BP EP Package:1KG;1USD
Company Name: Univar Solutions(China) Co., Ltd.
Tel: 15902132654
Email: Ivy.zhuang@univarsolutions.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Carbomer 980 (Benzen Free)
CAS:9003-01-4
Purity:USP Package:20KG;35USD
Company Name: Shanghai Dumi Biotechnology Co.,ltd
Tel: +8617172178855 17172178855
Email: aimee@chinadumi.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Polyacrylic acid
CAS:9003-01-4
Purity:99.9% Package:1KG;40USD
Company Name: Hubei Xindesheng Material Technology Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-15071057538 18971041571
Email: vickyzhao@whdschem.com
Products Intro: Product Name:carbomer 980
CAS:9003-01-4
Purity:>99% Package:10Kg/Bag;0USD

Poly(acrylic acid) manufacturers

  • Polyacrylic acid
  • $10.00 / KG
  • 2022-01-14
  • CAS:9003-01-4
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 10tons
  • Polyacrylic acid
  • $10.99 / KG
  • 2022-01-14
  • CAS:9003-01-4
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 100KG
  • carbomer 940
  • $25.00 / KG
  • 2022-01-14
  • CAS:9003-01-4
  • Min. Order: 100KG
  • Purity: 99%
  • Supply Ability: 1000kg

Related articles

  • What is Poly(acrylic acid)?
  • Poly(acrylic acid) or PAA (CAS number 9003-1-04) is a type of polymer. The monomer of poly(acrylic acid) is Acrylic Acid.
  • Jul 23,2020
Poly(acrylic acid) Basic information
Product Name:Poly(acrylic acid)
Synonyms:940;Carbopol®;ACRYLIC ACID POLYMER;CARBOPOL(TM) 941;CARBOPOL(R) 940;CARBOPOL(TM) 940;CARBOPOL(TM) 934;CARBOPOL(TM) 910
CAS:9003-01-4
MF:C5H10O2
MW:102.1317
EINECS:618-347-7
Product Categories:cosmetic;silicone oil;Acrylates: Poly(acrylic acid) and Related Polymers;Hydrophilic Polymers;Materials Science;Polymer Science;Industrial/Fine Chemicals;Polymer dispersant;Cnbio;Acrylates: Poly(acrylic acid) and Related Polymers;Acrylics;Hydrophilic Polymers;solvent;fine chemicals;Polymers
Mol File:9003-01-4.mol
Poly(acrylic acid) Structure
Poly(acrylic acid) Chemical Properties
Melting point 95 °C
Boiling point 116 °C
density 1.2 g/mL at 25 °C
refractive index n20/D 1.442
Fp 100 °C
storage temp. 2-8°C
solubility Swellable in water and glycerin and, after neutralization, in ethanol (95%). Carbomers do not dissolve but merely swell to a remarkable extent, since they are three-dimensionally crosslinked microgels.
form Powder
color White
Water Solubility Soluble in water.
InChIKeyWLAMNBDJUVNPJU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
IARC3 (Vol. 19, Sup 7) 1987
EPA Substance Registry SystemPolyacrylic acid (9003-01-4)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes C,T,Xi
Risk Statements 45-46-34-36/37/38
Safety Statements 53-45-36-27-26
WGK Germany 1
RTECS AT4680000
TSCA Yes
HS Code 39069090
Hazardous Substances Data9003-01-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 oral in rat: 2500mg/kg
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
2-Propenoic acid homopolymer English
SigmaAldrich English
ACROS English
ALFA English
Poly(acrylic acid) Usage And Synthesis
DescriptionFor a description of unrelated compounds expanded by twocarbon units,Poly acrylic acid (PAA or Carbomer) is generic name for synthetic high molecular weight polymers of acrylic acid. They may be homopolymers of acrylic acid, crosslinked with an allyl ether pentaerythritol, allyl ether of sucrose or allyl ether of propylene. In a water solution at neutral pH, PAA is an anionic polymer, i.e. many of the side chains of PAA will lose their protons and acquire a negative charge. This makes PAAs polyelectrolytes, with the ability to absorb and retain water and swell to many times their original volume. Dry PAAs are found in the market as white and fluffy powders. Carbomer codes (910, 934, 940, 941 and 934P) are an indication of molecular weight and the specific components of the polymer. For many applications PAAs are used in form of alkali metal or amonium salts e.g. sodium polyacrylate.
DescriptionPoly (acrylic acid) (PAA) is hygroscopic, brittle and colorless in nature with Tg at nearly 106oC. At temperatures above 200 to 250oC, it loses water and becomes an insoluble crosslinked polymer anhydride. Solubility of dried PAA in water increases with rise in temperatures. Concentrated solutions of PAA in water is thixotropic in nature.
Polyacrylic acid (PAA) is a hydrophilic colloidal solution, similar in properties to water-soluble natural gums. It is a clear, colorless, viscous stable solution. Applications include the modification of aqueous formulations for such end uses as cleaners, binders, adhesives, and emulsion paints. The sodium, potassium, and ammonium salts are effective thickeners and dispersants useful in both natural and synthetic latex systems. PAA in ceramic applications improves dry strength, dispersant action, and improved workability of the clays. PAA is stable to hydrolysis and is not susceptible to bacterial degradation.
Chemical Propertieswhite powder
Chemical PropertiesCarbomers are white-colored, ‘fluffy’, acidic, hygroscopic powders with a characteristic slight odor. A granular carbomer is also available (Carbopol 71G).
Usescarboxypolymethylene is a binder, film-former and emulsion stabilizer. It can also help increase product viscosity.
UsesApplications of PAA may include: · to study solute diffusion in Polyvinyl alcohol/PAA copolymer hydrogel · synthesizing poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-PAA copolymer which responds to both temperature and pH stimuli · in preparing block copolymer of oligo (methyl methacrylate)/PAA for micellar delivery of hydrophobic drugs · as thickening agent for adhesives
UsesPolyacrylic acid is used in disposable diapers and in ion exchange resins. It is also used to study solute diffusion in polyvinyl alcohol/polyacrylic acid copolymer hydrogel. It is also employed as a thickening, suspending, emulsifying and dispersing agent in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, adhesives and paints. Further, it is used for the preparation of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-polyacrylic acid copolymer which responds to both temperature and pH stimuli. In addition to this, it is used in preparing block copolymer of oligo (methyl methacrylate)/PAA for micellar delivery of hydrophobic drugs.
Production MethodsCarbomers are synthetic, high-molecular-weight, crosslinked polymers of acrylic acid. These acrylic acid polymers are crosslinked with allyl sucrose or allyl pentaerythritol. The polymerization solvent used previously was benzene; however, some of the newer commercially available grades of carbomer are manufactured using either ethyl acetate or a cyclohexane–ethyl acetate cosolvent mixture. The Carbopol ETD and Carbopol Ultrez polymers are produced in the cosolvent mixture with a proprietary polymerization aid.
ApplicationPoly acrylic acid and its derivatives are used in disposable diapers,ion exchange resins and adhesives. They are also popular as a thickening, dispersing, suspending and emulsifying agents in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and paints. PAA inactivates the antiseptic chlorhexidine gluconate.
DefinitionChEBI: An acrylic macromolecule, composed of acrylic acid repeating units.
Brand nameCarbopol 934 (Noveon).
General Description
Poly(acrylic acid) solution (PAA) is an anionic polymer that can be synthesized by the free radical polymerization of acrylic acid. It has a swelling nature that tends to absorb and retain the water. Its high ion exchange capacity makes it useful in the formation of membranes.
Pharmaceutical ApplicationsCarbomers are used in liquid or semisolid pharmaceutical formulations as rheology modifiers. Formulations include creams, gels, lotions and ointments for use in ophthalmic, rectal, topical and vaginal preparations. Carbomer grades with residual benzene content greater than 2 ppm do not meet the specifications of the PhEur 6.4 monograph. However, carbomer having low residuals of other solvents than the ICH-defined ‘Class I OVI solvents’ may be used in Europe. Carbomer having low residuals of ethyl acetate, such as Carbopol 971P NF or Carbopol 974P NF, may be used in oral preparations, in suspensions, capsules or tablets. In tablet formulations, carbomers are used as controlled release agents and/or as binders. In contrast to linear polymers, higher viscosity does not result in slower drug release with carbomers. Lightly crosslinked carbomers (lower viscosity) are generally more efficient in controlling drug release than highly crosslinked carbomers (higher viscosity). In wet granulation processes, water, solvents or their mixtures can be used as the granulating fluid. The tackiness of the wet mass may be reduced by including talc in the formulation or by adding certain cationic species to the granulating fluid. However, the presence of cationic salts may accelerate drug release rates and reduce bioadhesive properties. Carbomer polymers have also been investigated in the preparation of sustained-release matrix beads, as enzyme inhibitors of intestinal proteases in peptide-containing dosage forms, as a bioadhesive for a cervical patch and for intranasally administered microspheres, in magnetic granules for site-specific drug delivery to the esophagus, and in oral mucoadhesive controlled drug delivery systems. Carbomers copolymers are also employed as emulsifying agents in the preparation of oil-in-water emulsions for external administration. Carbomer 951 has been investigated as a viscosity-increasing aid in the preparation of multiple emulsion microspheres. Carbomers are also used in cosmetics. Therapeutically, carbomer formulations have proved efficacious in improving symptoms of moderate-to-severe dry eye syndrome.
SafetyCarbomers are used extensively in nonparenteral products, particularly topical liquid and semisolid preparations. Grades polymerized in ethyl acetate may also be used in oral formulations. There is no evidence of systemic absorption of carbomer polymers following oral administration. Acute oral toxicity studies in animals indicate that carbomer 934P has a low oral toxicity, with doses up to 8 g/kg being administered to dogs without fatalities occurring. Carbomers are generally regarded as essentially nontoxic and nonirritant materials; there is no evidence in humans of hypersensitivity reactions to carbomers used topically.
LD50 (guinea pig, oral): 2.5 g/kg for carbomer 934
LD50 (guinea pig, oral): 2.5 g/kg for carbomer 934P
LD50 (guinea pig, oral): 2.5 g/kg for carbomer 940
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.04 g/kg for carbomer 934P
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.04 g/kg for carbomer 940
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.07 g/kg for carbomer 934P
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.07 g/kg for carbomer 940
LD50 (mouse, oral): 4.6 g/kg for carbomer 934P
LD50 (mouse, oral): 4.6 g/kg for carbomer 934
LD50 (mouse, oral): 4.6 g/kg for carbomer 940
LD50 (rat, oral): 10.25 g/kg for carbomer 910
LD50 (rat, oral): 2.5 g/kg for carbomer 934P
LD50 (rat, oral): 4.1 g/kg for carbomer 934
LD50 (rat, oral): 2.5 g/kg for carbomer 940
LD50 (rat, oral): > 1g/kg for carbomer 941
No observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) (rat, dog, oral): 1.5 g/kg for carbomer homopolymer type B.
storageCarbomers are stable, hygroscopic materials that may be heated at temperatures below 1048℃ for up to 2 hours without affecting their thickening efficiency. However, exposure to excessive temperatures can result in discoloration and reduced stability. Complete decomposition occurs with heating for 30 minutes at 2608℃. Dry powder forms of carbomer do not support the growth of molds and fungi. In contrast, microorganisms grow well in unpreserved aqueous dispersions, and therefore an antimicrobial preservative such as 0.1% w/v chlorocresol, 0.18% w/v methylparaben–0.02% w/v propylparaben, or 0.1% w/v thimerosal should be added. The addition of certain antimicrobials, such as benzalkonium chloride or sodium benzoate, in high concentrations (0.1% w/v) can cause cloudiness and a reduction in viscosity of carbomer dispersions. Aqueous gels may be sterilized by autoclaving with minimal changes in viscosity or pH, provided care is taken to exclude oxygen from the system, or by gamma irradiation, although this technique may increase the viscosity of the formulation. At room temperature, carbomer dispersions maintain their viscosity during storage for prolonged periods. Similarly, dispersion viscosity is maintained, or only slightly reduced, at elevated storage temperatures if an antioxidant is included in the formulation or if the dispersion is stored protected from light. Exposure to light causes oxidation that is reflected in a decrease in dispersion viscosity. Stability to light may be improved by the addition of 0.05–0.1% w/v of a water-soluble UV absorber such as benzophenone-2 or benzophenone-4 in combination with 0.05–0.1% w/v edetic acid.
Carbomer powder should be stored in an airtight, corrosionresistant container and protected from moisture. The use of glass, plastic, or resin-lined containers is recommended for the storage of formulations containing carbomer.
AdvantagesThe advantages of acrylic resins are :
Better stain protection (wash ability)
Water resistance
Better adhesion
Better blocking ('strap down')
Resist cracking and blistering better
Resistance to alkali cleaners.
Current market and forecastThe global demand on acrylic resin approached roughly US $ 14.5 billion in 2011. With an annual growth rate of 4 - 5 % , the acrylic resin market is expected to reach US $ 16.6 billion by 2014 and US$22 billion by 2020. Acrylic resins are used in a wide range of applications for the outstanding chemical characteristics and unique aesthetic properties. Currently, the strongest demand comes from automotive and medical device markets, and paints & coatings, adhesive & sealant and construction & architecture are the major application markets for acrylic resin.
FormulaeAcrylic resin is a general term for any one of the plastics (resin) generated through chemical reaction by applying polymerization initiator and heat to a monomer.
The chemical name for the resin produced from the methyl methacrylate monomer (MMA) is polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). MMA is a transparent and colorless fluid substance.One of the main characteristic features of PMMA is its high transparency. With its high weather resistance, it has been known to last over 30 years, it does not easily turn yellow or crumble when exposed to sunlight. Polymethyl methacrylate is used not only for transparent windows in aquariums but also for various items such as signboards in places like convenience stores, taillights of automobiles, bathtub liners, sinks, cell phone display screens, backlight optical waveguides for liquid crystal displays (LCD) and so on.
IncompatibilitiesCarbomers are discolored by resorcinol and are incompatible with phenol, cationic polymers, strong acids, and high levels of electrolytes. Certain antimicrobial adjuvants should also be avoided or used at low levels. Trace levels of iron and other transition metals can catalytically degrade carbomer dispersions.
Certain amino-functional actives form complexes with carbomer; often this can be prevented by adjusting the pH of the dispersion and/or the solubility parameter by using appropriate alcohols and polyols.
Carbomers also form pH-dependent complexes with certain polymeric excipients. Adjustment of pH and/or solubility parameter can also work in this situation.
Regulatory StatusIncluded in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral suspensions, tablets; ophthalmic, rectal, topical, transdermal preparations; vaginal suppositories). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in Europe. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Nonmedicinal Ingredients.
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