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METHANE

METHANE Suppliers list
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
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Products Intro: Product Name:METHANE
CAS:74-82-8
Purity:99% Package:100g,500g,1kg,5kg,10kg
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 0371-55170693
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Products Intro: CAS:74-82-8
Purity:99% Package:500G;1KG;5KG;25KG
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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Products Intro: Product Name:METHANE
CAS:74-82-8
Company Name: Energy Chemical  
Tel: 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
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Products Intro: Product Name:Methane
CAS:74-82-8
Purity:>=99.0% Package:57L,56L
Company Name: Shanghai Hanhong Scientific Co.,Ltd.  
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Products Intro: Product Name:METHANE
CAS:74-82-8
Remarks:RB01010001
METHANE Basic information
Product Name:METHANE
Synonyms:Biogas;carbane;CH4;Fire damp;firedamp;Methan;methane,compressed;methane,refrigeratedliquid(cryogenicliquid)
CAS:74-82-8
MF:CH4
MW:16.04
EINECS:200-812-7
Product Categories:refrigerants;Organics;Imidazol&Benzimidazole;META - METHGas Standards;Pure Gases;SCOTTY Gases;Alphabetic;M;Chemical Synthesis;Compressed and Liquefied GasesVapor Deposition Precursors;Gases;Precursors by Metal;Synthetic Reagents;Compressed and Liquefied Gases;Fluka Brand;Gas Standards;Chemical Synthesis;Specialty Gases;Synthetic Reagents
Mol File:74-82-8.mol
METHANE Structure
METHANE Chemical Properties
Melting point −183 °C(lit.)
Boiling point −161 °C(lit.)
density 0.716 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 0.55 (vs air)
refractive index 1.0004
Fp -188 ºC
form gas
pka48(at 25℃)
explosive limit15%
Merck 13,5979
BRN 1718732
Stability:Stable. Extremely flammable - note low flash point; mixtures with air constitute an explosion hazard. Reacts violently with interhalogens. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, halogens, interhalogens, oxygen.
CAS DataBase Reference74-82-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes F+
Risk Statements 12
Safety Statements 9-16-33
RIDADR UN 1971 2.1
WGK Germany -
RTECS PA1490000
4.5-31
Autoignition Temperature998 °F
HazardClass 2.1
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
SigmaAldrich English
METHANE Usage And Synthesis
Chemical Propertiescolourless odourless gas
Chemical PropertiesMethane is a natural, colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. It is used primarily as fuel to make heat and light. It is also used to manufacture organic chemicals. Methane can be formed by the decay of natural materials and is common in landfi lls, marshes, septic systems, and sewers. It is soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, and organic solvents. Methane is incompatible with halogens, oxidizing materials, and combustible materials. Methane evaporates quickly. Methane gas is present in coal mines, marsh gas, and in sludge degradations. Methane can also be found in coal gas. Pockets of methane exist naturally underground. In homes, methane may be used to fuel a water heater, stove, and clothes dryer. Incomplete combustion of gas also produces carbon monoxide. Methane gas is flammable and may cause fl ash fi re. Methane forms an explosive mixture in air at levels as low as 5%. Electrostatic charges may be generated by fl ow and agitation.
Chemical PropertiesMethane is an odorless, colorless gas.
UsesMethane is used primarily as a fuel to make heat and light. It is also used to manufacture organic chemicals. Methane can be formed by the decay of natural materials and is common in landfills, marshes, septic systems, and sewers. It is soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, and organic solvents. Methane is incompatible with halogens, oxidising materials, and combustible materials. Methane evaporates quickly. Methane gas is present in coal mines, marsh gas, and sludge degradations. Methane can also be found in coal gas. Pockets of methane exist naturally underground. In homes, methane may be used to fuel a water heater, stove, and clothes dryer. Also, incomplete combustion of gas also produces carbon monoxide. Methane gas is flammable and may cause flash fire. Methane forms an explosive mixture in air at levels as low as 5%. Electrostatic charges may be generated by flow and agitation.
DefinitionThe first member of the paraffin (alkane) hydrocarbon series.
General DescriptionMETHANE is a colorless odorless gas. METHANE is also known as marsh gas or methyl hydride. METHANE is easily ignited. The vapors are lighter than air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. METHANE is used in making other chemicals and as a constituent of the fuel, natural gas.
Air & Water ReactionsHighly flammable.
Reactivity ProfileMETHANE is a reducing agent, METHANE is involved in many explosions when combined with especially powerful oxidizers such as bromine pentafluoride, chlorine trifluoride, chlorine, iodine, heptafluoride, dioxygenyl tetrafluoroborate, dioxygen difluoride, trioxygen difluoride and liquid oxygen. Other violent reactions include, chlorine dioxide and nitrogen trifluoride. Liquid oxygen gives an explosive mixture when combined with liquid METHANE [NFPA 1991]. Contact of very cold liquefied gas with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling of the product and extremely rapid vaporization due to the large temperature differences involved. If the water is hot, there is the possibility that a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if liquid gas contacts water in a closed container [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980].
HazardSevere fire and explosion hazard, forms explosive mixture with air (5–15% by volume). An asphyxiant gas.
Health HazardHigh concentrations may cause asphyxiation. No systemic effects, even at 5% concentration in air.
Health HazardMethane is a relatively potent gas. It is the simplest alkane and the principal component of natural gas. Exposures to methane gas cause toxicity and adverse health effects. The signs and symptoms of toxicity include, but are not limited to, nausea, vomiting, diffi culty breathing, irregular heart beat, headache, drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, disorientation, mood swings, tingling sensation, loss of coordination, suffocation, convulsions, unconsciousness, and coma. While at low concentrations methane causes no toxicity, high doses lead to asphyxiation in animals and humans. Displacement of air by methane gas is known to cause shortness of breath, unconsciousness, and death from hypoxemia. Methane gas does not pass readily through intact skin. However, in its extremely cold liquefi ed form, methane can cause burns to the skin and eyes. No long-term health effects are currently associated with exposure to methane.
Fire HazardSpecial Hazards of Combustion Products: None
Safety ProfileA simple asphyxiant. Very dangerous fire and explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts violently with powerful oxidzers (e.g., bromine pentafluoride, chlorine trifluoride, chlorine, fluorine, iodine heptafluoride, dioxygenyl tetrafluoroborate, dioxygen difluoride, trioxygen difluoride, liquid oxygen, ClO2, NF3,OF2). Incompatible with halogens or interhalogens in air (forms explosive mixtures). Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, stop flow of gas. See also ARGON for a description of asphyxiants.
Potential ExposureMethane is used as a fuel and in the manufacture of organic chemicals, acetylene, hydrogen cyanide, and hydrogen. It may also be a cold liquid. Natural gas is used principally as a heating fuel. It is transported as a liquid under pressure. It is also used in the manufacture of various chemicals including acetaldehyde, acetylene, ammonia, carbon black; ethyl alcohol; formaldehyde, hydrocarbon fuels; hydrogenated oils; methyl alcohol; nitric acid; synthesis gas; and vinyl chloride. Helium can be extracted from certain types of natural gas.
First aidIf this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. If frostbite has occurred, seek medical attention immediately; do NOT rub the affected areas or flush them with water. In order to prevent further tissue damage, do NOT attempt to remove frozen clothing from frostbitten areas. If frostbite has NOT occurred, immediately and thoroughly wash contaminated skin with soap and water
storageOccupational workers should store methane gas containers away from incompatible substances and handle in accordance with standard set regulations and grounding and bonding if required
storageOccupational workers should store methane gas containers away from incompatible substances and handle in accordance with standard set regulations and grounding and bonding if required.
ShippingUN1971 Methane, compressed or Natural gas, compressed (with high methane content), Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. UN1972 Methane, refrigerated liquid (cryogenic liquid) or Natural gas, refrigerated liquid (cryogenic liquid), with high methane content), Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1-Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a wellventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner
Purification MethodsDry methane by passing over CaCl2 and P2O5, then through a Dry-ice trap and fractionally distil it from a liquid-nitrogen trap. Oxygen can be removed by prior passage in a stream of hydrogen over reduced copper oxide at 500o, and higher hydrocarbons can be removed by chlorinating about 10% of the sample: the hydrocarbons, chlorides and HCl are readily separated from the methane by condensing the sample in the liquid-nitrogen trap and fractionally distilling it. Methane has also been washed with conc H2SO4, then solid NaOH and then 30% NaOH solution. It is dried with CaCl2, then P2O5, and condensed in a trap at liquid air temperature, then transferred to another trap cooled in liquid nitrogen. CO2, O2, N2 and higher hydrocarbons can be removed from methane by adsorption on charcoal. [Eiseman & Potter J Res Nat Bur Stand 58 213 1957, Beilstein 1 IV 3.] HIGHLY FLAMMABLE.
IncompatibilitiesMay form explosive mixture with air. A strong reducing agent. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Reacts violently with bromine pentafluoride, chlorine dioxide, nitrogen trifluoride, oxygen difluoride and liquid oxygen. In general, avoid contact with all oxidizers
Waste DisposalReturn refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Incineration (flaring)
PrecautionsOccupational workers should be careful during handling and management of methane gas because of its severe fi re and explosion hazard, particularly with pressurized containers. The containers may rupture or explode if exposed to suffi cient heat. Workers should avoid heat, flames, sparks, and other sources of ignition, and stop any leak if possible without personal risk. Workers should wear appropriate chemical-resistant gloves. Also, vapors should be reduced with water spray and keep unnecessary workers/people away from the place of chemical hazard. The closed spaces should be well ventilated before the workers enter. Methane is not toxic; however, it is highly flammable and may form explosive mixtures with air. Methane is violently reactive with oxidizers, halogens, and some halogen-containing compounds. Methane is also an asphyxiant and in enclosed areas displaces oxygen. Septic tanks, cesspools, and drywells present serious hazards, including septic cave-in or collapse, methane gas explosion hazards, and asphyxiation hazards. Occupational workers/work area supervisor should note the indications of methane gas poisoning: Soon after exposure to oxygen levels of less than 15% in air, if the workers feel symptoms of dizziness, headache, and tiredness, medical advice should be provided.
Tag:METHANE(74-82-8) Related Product Information
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