ChemicalBook >>L(+)-Diethyl L-tartrate>>(2R,3R)(+)-Dihydroxybutane-1,4-dioic acid diethyl ester(87-91-2)

(2R,3R)(+)-Dihydroxybutane-1,4-dioic acid diethyl ester(87-91-2)

(2R,3R)(+)-Dihydroxybutane-1,4-dioic acid diethyl ester(87-91-2)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

(2R,3R)(+)-Dihydroxybutane-1,4-dioic acid diethyl ester
【Synonyms】

Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy- (2R,3R)-, diethyl ester
Diethyl (R,R)-tartrate
Diethyl L-tartarate
Diethyl tartrate
Tartaric acid diethyl ester
【CAS】

87-91-2
【Formula】

C8H14O6
【Molecular Weight】

206.2
【EINECS】

201-783-3
【Merck】

13,3886
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1727145
【Beilstein Reference】

4-03-00-01232
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Clear, colorless liquid.
【Solubility in water】

Soluble
【Melting Point】

18.7
【Boiling Point】

280
【Vapor Pressure】

0.0005 (25 C)
【Density】

1.25 g/cm3 (0 C)
【pKa/pKb】

11.61 (pKa)
【Partition Coefficient】

-.29
【Heat Of Vaporization】

60.1 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Diethyl tartrate and titanium isopropoxide form a chiral catalyst.
【Vapor Density】

7.11
【Refractive Index】

1.4462 (20 C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
【Skin】

May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
【Ingestion】

May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
【Exposure Effects】

Effects may be delayed.
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

93
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Disposal Code】

1
【Incompatibilities】

Oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【HS Code】

2918 13 00
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