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Aluminum fluoride(7784-18-1)

Aluminum fluoride(7784-18-1)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Aluminum fluoride
【Synonyms】

Aluminum trifluoride
Trifluoroalumane
【CAS】

7784-18-1
【Formula】

AlF3
【Molecular Weight】

83.97
【EINECS】

232-051-1
【RTECS】

BD0725000
【RTECS Class】

Primary Irritant
【Merck】

12,351
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1648 (G)
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Odorless white powder or granules..
【Solubility in water】

5.5 g/L
【Melting Point】

1040
【Vapor Pressure】

16.4 (1100 C)
【Density】

2.88 g/cm3
【Usage】

In ceramics, as flux in metallurgy, in aluminum mfr, inhibitor of fermentation, catalyst in organic reactions.
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Do not store in glass. Store under argon.
【Handling】

Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash clothing before reuse.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing, shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract.
【Skin】

Causes skin irritation.
【Eyes】

Contact with eyes may cause severe irritation, and possible eye burns. May cause chemical conjunctivitis.
【Ingestion】

May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Ingestion of large amounts of fluoride may include salivation, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, labored breathing. Inorganic fluorides can be harmful. Acute exposure to fluorine compounds can lead to digestive tract burns, and abdominal pain. Exposure to fluoride compounds can result in systemic toxic effects on the heart, liver, and kidneys. It may also deplete calcium levels in the body leading to hypocalcemia and death. Contains fluoride. Fluoride can reduce calcium levels leading to fatal hypocalcemia. Aluminum may be readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
【Hazards】

Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas.
【UN (DOT)】

1759
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
【Exposure Effects】

Chronic inhalation and ingestion may cause fluorosis with skeletal abnormalities. Effects may be delayed. Chronic exposure to fluoride compounds may cause systemic toxicity.
【Exposure limit(s)】

T:V (as F) 2.5 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1999)
【Poison Class】

3
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
【Fire Potential】

Nonflammable.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Acids, glass.
【Stability】

Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
【Decomposition】

Hydrogen fluoride, aluminum oxide.
【Combustion Products】

When heated to sublimation condition, emits toxic fumes of fluoride
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【UN Number】

1759
【Hazard Class】

8
【Packing Group】

I; II; III
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