ChemicalBook >>Propylene glycol>>Propylene glycol(57-55-6)

Propylene glycol(57-55-6)

Propylene glycol(57-55-6)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Propylene glycol
【Synonyms】

1,2-Dihydroxypropane
1,2-Propanediol
Methyl ethylene glycol
Propane-1,2-diol
【CAS】

57-55-6
【Formula】

C3H8O2
【Molecular Weight】

76.099999999999994
【EINECS】

200-338-0
【RTECS】

TY2000000
【RTECS Class】

Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
【Merck】

12,8040
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1340498
【Beilstein Reference】

3-01-00-02142
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Clear, viscous, colorless liquid, practically odorless, hygroscopic.
【Solubility in water】

Miscible
【Melting Point】

-59
【Boiling Point】

187.6
【Vapor Pressure】

0.2 (23 C)
【Density】

1.04 g/cm3 (20 C)
【Partition Coefficient】

-.92
【Heat Of Vaporization】

66.27 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】

-1828 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Component of cellophane.
【Saturation Concentration】

Approximately 90-260 ppm at 20 C (calc.)
【Vapor Density】

2.62
【Odor threshold】

Odorless
【Refractive Index】

1.4324 (20C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

Low hazard for usual industrial handling. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】

Causes moderate skin irritation. Contact with the skin may cause erythema, dryness, and defatting.
【Eyes】

Causes mild eye irritation. Contact may cause irritation, tearing, and burning pain.
【Ingestion】

May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Low hazard for usual industrial handling. May cause hemoglobinuric nephrosis. May cause changes in surface EEG.
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 24/25
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
【Exposure Effects】

May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Exposure to large doses may cause central nervous system depression. Chronic ingestion may cause lactic acidosis and possible seizures.
【Poison Class】

-
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

99
【Autoignition】

371
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use alcohol foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
【Upper exp. limit】

17.4
【Lower exp. limit】

2.4
【Fire Potential】

This chemical is combustible.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acid chlorides, nitric acid, acid anhydrides, silver nitrate, hydrofluoric acid, chloroformates, moisture.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, acetic acid, propionaldehyde, lactic acid, pyruvic acid.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【HS Code】

2905 32 00
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