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Disodium citrate(144-33-2)

Disodium citrate(144-33-2)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Disodium citrate
【Synonyms】

,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-, disodium salt
Citric acid, disodium salt
Disodium 3-carboxy-3-hydroxypentanedioate
Disodium hydrogen citrate
Disodium monohydrogen citrate
Monobasic sodium citrate
【CAS】

144-33-2
【Formula】

C6H6O7.2Na
【Molecular Weight】

263.08999999999997
【EINECS】

205-623-3
【RTECS】

GE7580000
【RTECS Class】

Other
【Merck】

12,8747
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

3770069
【Beilstein Reference】

2-03-00-00359
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

White crystalline powder.
【Melting Point】

149
【Heat Of Vaporization】

【Usage】

Major uses include anticoagulant, for use in transfusions.
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid breathing dust, vapor, mist, or gas. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Inhalation】

May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Skin】

May cause skin irritation.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation.
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
【Poison Class】

4
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. This material in sufficient quantity and reduced particle size is capable of creating a dust explosion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Moisture, oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
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