ChemicalBook >>Formamide>>Formamide(75-12-7)

Formamide(75-12-7)

Formamide(75-12-7)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Formamide
【Synonyms】

Carbamaldehyde
Methanamide
Sulfonium, trimethyl, iodide
Trimethylsulfonium iodide
【CAS】

75-12-7
【CAS】

2181-42-2
【Formula】

C3H9IS
【Formula】

CH3NO
【Molecular Weight】

45.04
【Molecular Weight】

204.07
【EINECS】

200-842-0
【EINECS】

218-555-4
【RTECS】

LQ0525000
【RTECS】

WR8750000
【RTECS Class】

Tumorigen; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Primary Irritant
【RTECS Class】

Other
【Merck】

13,4261
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

505995
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

3555192
【Beilstein Reference】

4-01-00-01280
【Beilstein Reference】

4-02-00-00045
【EC Index Number】

616-052-00-8
【EC Class】

Toxic for reproduction Category 2
【EC Class】

irritant
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Colorless, oily liquid.
【Appearance】

White powder and chunks.
【Solubility in water】

Miscible
【Solubility in water】

400 g/L (20 C)
【Melting Point】

2
【Melting Point】

215 - 220
【Boiling Point】

210
【Vapor Pressure】

30 (129 C)
【Density】

1.1334 g/cm3 (20 C)
【Density】

1.922 g/cm3
【Partition Coefficient】

-1.51
【Heat Of Vaporization】

65/3 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】

-547 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Solvent; softener; intermediate in organic synthesis.
【Saturation Concentration】

less than 0.22 mg/m3 at 20 C
【Vapor Density】

1.6
【Refractive Index】

1.44911 (20 C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
【Inhalation】

Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
【Inhalation】

May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Skin】

May cause skin irritation.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation.
【Eyes】

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
【Eyes】

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Do not store in direct sunlight. Keep refrigerated. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Storage】

Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Inhalation】

Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. May cause respiratory tract irritation.
【Skin】

Causes skin irritation.
【Eyes】

Causes eye irritation.
【Ingestion】

May cause irritation of the digestive tract.
【Hazards】

Toxic fumes emitted on decomposition (carbon monoxide and ammonia), beginning at 180 - 210C. Behavior in Fire: Vapor will burn in air above 310F.
【EC Risk Phrase】

R 36/37/38
【EC Risk Phrase】

R 61
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 26 36
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 53 45
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to minimize contact with skin.
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
【Exposure Effects】

Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause adverse reproductive effects. May cause fetal effects.
【Exposure limit(s)】

TLV: 10 ppm; 18 mg/m3 (skin) (ACGIH 1996). NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (15 mg/m3) skin
【Poison Class】

3
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

175
【Autoignition】

250
【Autoignition】

500
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Containers may explode when heated. To extinguish fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. To extinguish fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire.
【Upper exp. limit】

19.0
【Lower exp. limit】

2.7
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Wear a self contained breathing apparatus and appropriate Personal protection. (See Exposure Controls, Personal Protection section). Absorb spill using an absorbent, non-combustible material such as earth, sand, or vermiculite. Provide ventilation.
【Small spills/leaks】

Vacuum or sweep up material and place into a suitable disposal container. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Incompatibilities】

Strong oxidizing agents, acids, bases, aluminum.
【Disposal Code】

3
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, oxides of sulfur, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, hydrogen iodide.
【Decomposition】

Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, ammonia and/or derivatives.
【Combustion Products】

Toxic fumes emitted on decomposition (carbon monoxide and ammonia), beginning at 180 - 210C.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【HS Code】

2924 19 00
【HS Code】

2930 90 70
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