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CYANOGEN IODIDE

CYANOGEN IODIDE
CYANOGEN IODIDE
CAS No.
506-78-5
Chemical Name:
CYANOGEN IODIDE
Synonyms
ICN;CNI;cN1A;cN-IA;NT5C1A;Jodcyan;IODOCYANIDE;Cyano iodide;IODINE CYANIDE;CYANOGEN IODIDE
CBNumber:
CB3345368
Molecular Formula:
CIN
Formula Weight:
152.92
MOL File:
506-78-5.mol

CYANOGEN IODIDE Properties

Melting point:
146 °C
Boiling point:
154.34°C (rough estimate)
Density 
1.840
storage temp. 
Refrigerator (+4°C)
form 
Crystalline Powder
color 
Beige to light brown or light pink

SAFETY

RIDADR  3290
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  I

CYANOGEN IODIDE price More Price(1)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 377244 ANTI-5NT1A (N-TERM) antibody produced in rabbit IgG fraction of antiserum, buffered aqueous solution 400ul $357 2018-11-20 Buy

CYANOGEN IODIDE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Iodine cyanide (cyanogen iodide) appears as light pink crystalline or brown-coloured powder and is soluble in water. It is stable but sensitive to light. It is incompatible with strong acids, strong bases, and strong oxidising agents. Cyanogen iodide decomposes on contact with acids, bases, and ammonia alcohols and on heating producing toxic gases including hydrogen cyanide. It reacts with carbon dioxide or slowly with water to produce hydrogen cyanide.

Uses

Generally for destroying all lower forms of life. In taxidermy for preserving insects, butterflies, etc.

General Description

White needles with a very pungent odor. Used in taxidermists' preservatives and generally for destroying all lower forms of life. Toxic by inhalation or ingestion.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Phosphorus(molten) plus CYANOGEN IODIDE reacts with incandescence to produce phosphorus iodide, [NFPA 491M, 1991]. Benzene and cyanogen halides yield HCl as a byproduct (Hagedorn, F. H. Gelbke, and Federal Republic of Germany. 2002. Nitriles. In Ullman Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.).

Health Hazard

Causes convulsions, paralysis and death from respiratory failure. Highly toxic; strong irritant to eyes and skin. (Non-Specific -- Cyanide or Cyanide Mixture, Dry): Poisonous, may be fatal if swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact may cause burns to the skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases.

Fire Hazard

When heated to decomposition, CYANOGEN IODIDE emits very toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides, cyanide, and iodide. Avoid phosphorus.

Purification Methods

This compound is POISONOUS, and the precautions for cyanogen bromide (above) apply here. The reagent (ca 5.9g) is dissolved in boiling CHCl3 (15mL), filtered through a plug of glass wool into a 25mL Erlenmeyer flask. Cool to room temperature for 15minutes, then place it in an ice-salt bath and cool to -10o. This cooling causes a small aqueous layer to separate as ice. The ice is filtered with the CNI, but melts on the filter and is also removed with the CHCl3 used as washing liquid. The CNI which is collected on a sintered glass funnel is washed 3x with CHCl3 (1.5mL at 0o) and freed from last traces of solvent by placing it on a watch glass and exposing it to the atmosphere in a good fume cupboard at room temperature for 1hour to give colourless needles (ca 4.5g), m 146-147o (sealed capillary totally immersed in the oil bath). The yield depends slightly on the rapidity of the operation; in this way loss by sublimation can be minimised. If desired, it can be sublimed under reduced pressure at temperatures at which CNI is only slowly decomposed into I2 and (CN)2. The vacuum will need to be renewed constantly due to the volatility of CNI. [Bak & Hillebert Org Synth Coll Vol IV 207 1963.]

CYANOGEN IODIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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506-78-5(CYANOGEN IODIDE)Related Search:


  • CYANOGEN IODIDE
  • IODINE CYANIDE
  • IODOCYANIDE
  • 506-78-5
  • CNI
  • cyanogenmonoiodide
  • ICN
  • Iodine cyanide (I(CN))
  • iodinecyanide(i(cn))
  • iodinemonocyanide
  • ioduredecyanogene
  • Jodcyan
  • Cyano iodide
  • Cyanogen iodide,98%
  • Cyanogen iodideIodine cyanide
  • Anti-NT5C1A antibody produced in rabbit
  • ANTI-5NT1A (N-TERM) antibody produced in rabbit
  • cN1A
  • cN-IA
  • Cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase 1A
  • Cytosolic 5′-nucleotidase IA
  • NT5C1A
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