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시롤리무스

시롤리무스
시롤리무스 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
53123-88-9
한글명:
시롤리무스
동의어(한글):
시롤리무스
상품명:
Rapamycin
동의어(영문):
RPM;RAPA;BCAR2;CS-440;TRERF1;TREP132;AY 22989;RAPAMUNE;RAPAMYCIN;SIROLIMUS
CBNumber:
CB0275190
분자식:
C51H79NO13
포뮬러 무게:
914.18
MOL 파일:
53123-88-9.mol

시롤리무스 속성

녹는점
183-185°C
알파
D25 -58.2° (methanol)
끓는 점
799.83°C (rough estimate)
밀도
1.0352 (rough estimate)
증기압
0.56 hPa ( 20 °C)
굴절률
1.5280 (estimate)
인화점
87 °C
저장 조건
-20°C
용해도
ethanol: soluble2MM
산도 계수 (pKa)
10.40±0.70(Predicted)
물리적 상태
solution
색상
colorless to yellow
수용성
Soluble in DMSO at 50mg/ml or methanol at 25mg/mlSoluble in alcohol, dimethyl sulfoxide and dimethyl formamide. Insoluble in water.
감도
Moisture Sensitive/Light Sensitive/Hygroscopic
Merck
14,8114
CAS 데이터베이스
53123-88-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/38-36-20/21/22-11
안전지침서 22-24/25-37/39-26-36/37-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1648 3 / PGII
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 VE6250000
자연 발화 온도 301 °C
HS 번호 29349990
유해 물질 데이터 53123-88-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in mice (mg/kg): 600 i.p.; >2,500 orally (Vézina)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H227 가연성 액체 인화성 액체 구분 4 경고 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.

시롤리무스 MSDS


Sirolimus

시롤리무스 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

White to Off-White Solid

Originator

Rapamune,Wyeth Laboratories,UK

용도

Tool for immunochemistry.

용도

A specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM.

용도

antidepressant

용도

immunosuppressant, antineoplastic; rapamycin

용도

Rapamycin is a triene macrolide discovered in 1995 as a metabolite of Streptomyces hygroscopicus found in a soil obtained on Rapi Nui (Easter Island). Rapamycin displayed potent and selective antifungal activity, notably against Candida albicans. Interest in the metabolite waned until the structural relationship to the potent immunosuppressant fujimycin (Antibiotic FK506) was recognised in the mid-1980s. This recognition led to the re-discovery of rapamycin as a highly selective antitumour and immunosuppressant. Rapamycin inhibits the activity of the protein, mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) which functions in a signalling pathway to promote tumour growth. Rapamycin binds to a receptor protein (FKBP12). The rapamycin/FKB12 complex then binds to mTOR and prevents interaction of mTOR with target proteins in this signalling pathway.

용도

DDP-4 inhibitor type 2 diabetes therapeutic

용도

Rapamycin is a triene macrolide discovered in 1974 as a metabolite of Streptomyces hygroscopicus found in a soil obtained on Rapa Nui (Easter Island). Rapamycin displayed potent and selective antifungal activity, notably against Candida albicans. Interest in the metabolite waned until the structural relationship to the potent immunosuppressant fujimycin (Antibiotic FK506) was recognised in the mid-1980s. This recognition led to the re-discovery of rapamycin as a highly selective antitumor and immunosuppressant. Rapamycin inhibits the activity of the protein, mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) which functions in a signalling pathway to promote tumor growth. Rapamycin binds to a receptor protein (FKBP12). The rapamycin/FKB12 complex then binds to mTOR and prevents interaction of mTOR with target proteins in this signalling pathway.

용도

Labelled Rapamycin. A triene macrolide antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Name derived from the native word for Easter Island, Rapa?Nui. Used as an immunosuppressant; antirestenotic. This compound contains aproximately 2% d0.;Labeled Sir

용도

Rapamycin is an immunosuppressant that is used primarily to prevent the rejection of organ and bone marrow transplant. It was first described as a potent inhibitor of IL-2 activation of lymphocytes (IC50 = 5 pM). It is now known that rapamycin specifically interacts with the cytosolic FK-binding protein 12 (FKBP12) to form a complex which inhibits the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway by directly binding to mTOR Complex 1 (mTORC1). Rapamycin and other inhibitors of mTORC1 signaling show potential in treating cancer, adipogenesis, diabetes, tuberous sclerosis, and cardiovascular disease.[Cayman Chemical]

정의

ChEBI: A macrolide isolated from Streptomyces hygroscopicus consisting of a 29-membered ring containing 4 trans double bonds, three of which are conjugated. It is an antibiotic, immunosupressive and antineoplastic agent.

Indications

Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase in the PI3/PI4-kinase family. mTOR was named after the natural macrolide rapamycin, also known as sirolimus, which was isolated from a soil sample from Easter Island in the 1970s and later evaluated as an immunosuppressive agent. The anticancer activity of rapamycin was discovered in the 1980s, although the mechanismof action and the identification of the rapamycin target, mTOR, were not elucidated until the 1990s. Rapamycin and its macrocyclic analogues, such as temsirolimus (Torisel(R), Wyeth/Pfizer) and everolimus (Afinitor(R), Novartis), are grouped as “rapalogs” that constitute the first-generation mTOR inhibitors.
Rapamycin was approved by the US FDA in 1999 as an immunosuppressive agent to prevent organ rejection in patients receiving kidney transplants. Although a large number of clinical studies have been performed to evaluate the anticancer activities of sirolimus in different types of cancers, such as invasive bladder cancer, breast cancer, and leukemia, most studies show limited efficacy. Outside oncological indications, sirolimus was approved by FDA for the treatment of a rare progressive lung disease lymphangioleiomyomatosis in 2015. Temsirolimus was approved for the treatment of advanced RCC. Everolimus was approved in the EU for the prevention of organ rejection in heart and kidney transplant recipients before FDA approved it in 2009 for the treatment of advanced RCC resistant to sunitinib or sorafenib and for the treatment of advanced or metastatic gastrointestinal and lung tumors in 2016. Additionally, rapamycin and rapalogs are being investigated as antiaging therapeutics or for the treatment of age-related diseases. Studies have revealed that mTOR activity can be retained under hypoxic conditions via mutations in the PI3K pathway, leading to increased translation and hypoxic gene expression and tumor progression.

Indications

Sirolimus (Rapamune) is structurally related to tacrolimus. It is approved for use as an adjunctive agent in combination with cyclosporine for prevention of acute renal allograft rejection. It blocks IL-2-dependent T-cell proliferation by inhibiting a cytoplasmic serine– threonine kinase. This mechanism of action is different from those of tacrolimus and cyclosporine. This allows sirolimus to augment the immunosuppressive effects of these drugs.

Manufacturing Process

Streptomyces hygroscopicus NRRL 5491 was grown and maintained on oatmeal-tomato paste agar slants (T. G. Pridham et al.; Antibiotic Annual 1956-1957, Medical Encyclopedia Inc., New York, p. 947) and in Roux bottles containing the same medium. Good growth was obtained after 7 days of incubation at 28°C. Spores from one Roux bottle were washed off and suspended into 50 ml of sterile distilled water. This suspension was used to inoculate the first stage inoculum.The first-stage inoculum medium consisted of Emerson broth [R. L. Emerson et al., J. Bacteriol, 52, 357 (1946)] 0.4% peptone, 0.4% sodium chloride, 0.25% yeast extract and 1% glucose; pH 7.0; flasks containing the above medium were inoculated with 1 % of the spore suspension described above. The inoculated flasks were incubated for 30 hours at 28°C on a reciprocating shaker set at 65 r.p.m. (4 inch stroke).
Production stage
The production stage was run in 250-liter New Brunswick fermenters Model F- 250, equipped with automatic antifoam addition system and pH recordercontroller. The fermenters were charged with 160 L of an aqueous production medium consisting of the following constituents: 1.0% soluble starch; 0.5% (NH4)2SO4; 0.5% K2HPO4; 1.5% glucose (Cerelose); 0.025% MgSO4; 0.005% ZnSO4; 0.001% MnSO4; 0.002% FeSO47H2O; 0.2% CaCO3; 0.5% "Blackstrap" molasses; 0.5% hydrolyzed casein; 0.2% lard oil; pH 7.1 to 7.3 of first stage inoculum. Incubation temperature: 28°C; aeration: 0.5 vol/vol/min; agitation: 250 r.p.m. The fermenters were sterilized at 121°C for 45 min, cooled and inoculated with one flask inoculum).
A titre of ca. 20 μg/ml, determined by microbiological assay on agar plates seeded with Candida albicans, was reached in 5 days. The fermentation was stopped. The fermentation mixture was extracted twice with 1 v/v of nbutanol. The combined butanol extracts were washed with 1 v/v of water, dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate and evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to yield a residue. The oily residue was extracted 3 times with 2 L of methanol. The combined methanol extracts were passed through diatomaceous earth (Celite) and evaporated to dryness to yield an oily residue containing crude Rapamycin.

상표명

Rapamune (Wyeth).

Therapeutic Function

Immunosuppressive, Antifungal

생물학적 활성

Antifungal and immunosuppressant. Specific inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of Rapamycin). Complexes with FKBP-12 and binds mTOR inhibiting its activity. Inhibits interleukin-2-induced phosphorylation and activation of p70 S6 kinase.

시롤리무스 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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