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바륨 시아나이드, 고체

바륨 시아나이드, 고체
바륨 시아나이드, 고체 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
542-62-1
한글명:
바륨 시아나이드, 고체
동의어(한글):
바륨시아나이드,고체;바륨시아나이드,고체(BARIUMCYANIDE,SOLID);바륨 사이아나이드;다이사이안화 바륨;사이안화 바륨;시안화바륨
상품명:
BARIUM CYANIDE
동의어(영문):
Bariumcyanid;cianuro barico;BARIUM CYANIDE;bariumdicyanide;cyanure de baryum;cianurobarico[qr];bariumdicyanide[qr];bariumcyanide(ba(cn)2);BARIUMCYANIDE,PURIFIED;bariumcyanide(ba(cn)2)[qr]
CBNumber:
CB9338146
분자식:
C2BaN2
포뮬러 무게:
189.36
MOL 파일:
542-62-1.mol

바륨 시아나이드, 고체 속성

끓는 점
42.5°C
물리적 상태
white crystalline powder
수용성
80.0 g/100mL H2O (14°C) [CRC10]; soluble alcohol [HAW93]
안정성
Stable. Reacts with acids to yield toxic gas.
EPA
Barium cyanide (542-62-1)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
유엔번호(UN No.) 1565
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28371990
유해 물질 데이터 542-62-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-02042
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-90
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 무기시안 화합물 및 이를 1% 이상 함유한 혼합물. 다만, 베를린청(Ferric ferrocyanide), 페로시안염(Ferrocyanide, salts), 페리시안염(Ferricyanide, salts) 및 그 중 하나를 함유한 혼합물은 제외
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
예방조치문구:
NFPA 704
0
3 0

바륨 시아나이드, 고체 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Barium cyanide is a white crystalline powder. Often used in solution.

물리적 성질

White crystalline powder; slowly decomposes in air; highly soluble in water, soluble in alcohol.

용도

In electroplating processes; in metallurgy.

제조 방법

Barium cyanide is prepared by reacting barium hydroxide with hydrocyanic acid:
Ba(OH)2 + 2HCN → Ba(CN)2 +2H2O
The product is crystallized from the solution.

일반 설명

A white crystalline solid. Toxic by skin absorption through open wounds, by ingestion, and by inhalation of hydrogen cyanide from decomposition. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires involving BARIUM CYANIDE.

공기와 물의 반응

Soluble in water. Gradually decomposed by water and rapidly decomposed by acids to give off hydrogen cyanide, a flammable poison gas.

반응 프로필

BARIUM CYANIDE is an inorganic cyanide. Members of this class that contain heavy metals tend to explosive instability, most of them are capable of violent oxidation under certain conditions; fusion of metal cyanides with metal chlorates, perchlorates, nitrates, or nitrites can cause violent explosion [Bretherick 1979 p. 101].

위험도

Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

INHALATION OR INGESTION: Exposure to cyanides can cause headache, vertigo, nausea, and vomiting may occur at low concentrations. High concentration causes difficult breathing, palpitation, paralysis, unconsciousness, respiratory arrest, cyanosis, and death. EYES: Irritation. SKIN: Rash, desquamation and itching.

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic cyanides and barium oxides.

Safety Profile

A deadly poison. See also CYANIDE and BARIUM COMPOUNDS (soluble). When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of CN-.

잠재적 노출

Barium cyanide is used in electroplating and in metallurgy.

운송 방법

UN1565 Barium cyanide, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Solution is basic. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong acids, & acid salts (release toxic hydrogen cyanide gas), strong bases.

폐기물 처리

Precipitate barium with sulfate. Then add with stirring to alkaline calcium hypochlorite solution. Let stand 24 hours, then flush to sewer.

바륨 시아나이드, 고체 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


바륨 시아나이드, 고체 공급 업체

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