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ChemicalBook >> CAS DataBase List >> Calcium carbide

Calcium carbide

Calcium carbide price.
  • $47.8 - $217
  • Product name: Calcium carbide
  • CAS: 75-20-7
  • MF: C2Ca
  • MW: 64.1
  • EINECS:200-848-3
  • MDL Number:MFCD00010905
  • Synonyms:carburedecalcium(french) ;carburocalcico ;calciumcarbide(cac2) ;calciumdicarbide ;carburedecalcium ;Calciumcarbid;Calcium Carbide, Anhydrous;Calcium Carbide, 10-40 Mesh
6 prices
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Brand

  • Alfa Aesar
  • Sigma-Aldrich

Package

  • 100g-f
  • 500g
  • 1kg-f
  • *5x1kg
  • 1kg
  • 2kg
  • ManufacturerAlfa Aesar
  • Product number014308
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide
  • Packaging1kg
  • Price$51.4
  • Updated2020-06-24
  • Buy
  • ManufacturerAlfa Aesar
  • Product number014308
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide
  • Packaging*5x1kg
  • Price$217
  • Updated2020-06-24
  • Buy
  • ManufacturerSigma-Aldrich
  • Product number270296
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80%
  • Packaging500g
  • Price$47.8
  • Updated2021-03-22
  • Buy
  • ManufacturerSigma-Aldrich
  • Product number21039
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric)
  • Packaging100g-f
  • Price$53.6
  • Updated2020-08-18
  • Buy
  • ManufacturerSigma-Aldrich
  • Product number270296
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80%
  • Packaging2kg
  • Price$99
  • Updated2021-03-22
  • Buy
  • ManufacturerSigma-Aldrich
  • Product number21039
  • Product descriptionCalcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric)
  • Packaging1kg-f
  • Price$105
  • Updated2020-08-18
  • Buy
Manufacturer Product number Product description Packaging Price Updated Buy
Alfa Aesar 014308 Calcium carbide 1kg $51.4 2020-06-24 Buy
Alfa Aesar 014308 Calcium carbide *5x1kg $217 2020-06-24 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 270296 Calcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80% 500g $47.8 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 21039 Calcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric) 100g-f $53.6 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 270296 Calcium carbide pieces, thickness <10 mm , typically, technical grade, ~80% 2kg $99 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 21039 Calcium carbide granulated, technical, ≥75% (gas-volumetric) 1kg-f $105 2020-08-18 Buy

Properties

Melting point: :447°C
Boiling point: :2300°C
Density  :2.22 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
storage temp.  :water-free area
form  :pieces
color  :Gray-black
Specific Gravity :2.22
Water Solubility  :hydrolyses
Sensitive  :Moisture Sensitive
Merck  :14,1656
BRN  :3909011
Stability: :Stability Reacts violently with water liberating highly flammable gas (acetylene). Do not use water if this material is involved in a fire. Incompatible with moisture, water, strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, hydrogen chloride, magnesium.
InChIKey :UIXRSLJINYRGFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
EPA Substance Registry System :Calcium carbide (75-20-7)

Safety Information

Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 1 Danger P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 2
Category 3
Danger
Warning
P231+P232, P280, P370+P378,P402+P404, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P422 Store contents under …

Description

Calcium carbide (molecule formula: CaC2), is a kind of important chemical raw materials produced from the chemical processing of limestone. In 1892, H. Maysan (French) and H. Wilson (United state) simultaneously developed a calcium carbide production approach based on furnace Reduction. The United State had successfully achieved industrial production in 1895. The property of calcium carbide is related to its purity. Its industrial product is mostly the mixture of calcium carbide and calcium oxide, and also contains trace amounts of sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen and other impurities. With the increasing content of impurities, it color exhibits gray, brown to black. The melting point and electrical conductivity both decrease with the decrease of the purity. The purity of its industrial product is usually 80% with m.p. being 1800~2000 °C. At room temperature, it does not react with air, but it can have oxidation reaction at above 350 ℃, and have reaction with nitrogen at 600~700 ℃ to generate calcium cyanamide. Calcium carbide, when coming across with water or steam, generates acetylene and release a large amount of heating. CaC2 + 2H2O─ → C2H2 + Ca (OH) 2 + 125185.32J, 1kg of pure calcium carbide can produce 366 L of acetylene 366l (15 ℃, 0.1MPa). Thereby, for its storage: calcium carbide should be strictly kept away from water. It is usually packed in a sealed iron container, and sometimes stored in a dry warehouse being filled with nitrogen if necessary.
Electric furnace reduction method is the only method for industrial production of calcium carbide at present. Put calcium oxide and coke for reduction reaction at 2000~2200 ℃: CaO + 3C─ → CaC2 + CO-480644.64J, the resulting molten calcium carbide flow into the receiver tank from the bottom of the reactor, and we obtain the final product after cooling. Calcium carbide production belongs to high temperature operation with relative large amount dust being produced and consuming a large amount of electrical energy. In 1980s, the production of per ton of calcium carbide consumes industrial power of about 10~11GJ. In order to reduce the power consumption, people mostly apply large-scale and closed calcium carbide furnace to reduce heat loss and also do good to the recycling of carbon monoxide.
Calcium carbide is mainly used as the raw material for the production of acetylene. Acetylene is an important and basic organic chemical raw material. But with the rise of the petrochemical industry, organic chemicals supplied acetylene has gradually provided by petrochemicals. The acetylene generator of metal cutting and welding applies calcium carbide. In places without electricity power, people usually apply calcium carbide lamp as the light source. Industrially, people apply calcium carbide for being heated in ammonia to produce calcium cyanamide, which is a kind of nitrogen fertilizer, plant defoliants and herbicides. With the development of acetylene chemical industry, the China's production of calcium carbide increases from the 3000 tons in 1949 to 1.808 million tons in 1983, ranking first in the world. But the production technology is still relatively lagged behind. The majority are small open furnace with high energy consumption rate and serious pollution. In order to reduce the energy consumption, modern production of calcium carbide mostly applied closed large-scale furnace to reduce heat loss and facilitate the recycling of carbon monoxide.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

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