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Sodium perchlorate

Sodium perchlorate Basic information
Product Name:Sodium perchlorate
Synonyms:sodiumperchlorate,anyhydrous;sodiumperchloratesolution;SODIUM PERCHLORATE ANHYDROUS*ACS REAGENT;SODIUM PERCHLORATE, 98+% A.C.S. REAGENT;SODIUM PERCHLORATE;PERCHLORIC ACID, SODIUM SALT;Sodium perchlorate, anhydrous, ACS, 98.0-102.0%;Sodium perchlorate, extra pure, 98%
Product Categories:metal perchlorate salt;ACS GradeSynthetic Reagents;Essential Chemicals;Oxidation;Perchlorates;Routine Reagents;Inorganics
Mol File:7601-89-0.mol
Sodium perchlorate Structure
Sodium perchlorate Chemical Properties
Melting point 468 °C (lit.)
Boiling point decomposes [HAW93]
density 2,2 g/cm3
storage temp. Store at room temperature.
solubility water: soluble2096g/L at 20°C
form Liquid
Specific Gravity2.5
color White
PH6.0-8.0 (25℃, 5%)
Water Solubility 209 G/100 ML (15 ºC)
Sensitive Hygroscopic
Merck 14,8653
Stability:Unstable. Strong oxidizer. Contact with combustible materials can cause fire. Shock sensitive and potentially explosive. Incompatible with a wide range of materials, including organics and other combustibles, powdered metals, acids, reducing agents. Very hygroscopic. Heat sensitive.
CAS DataBase Reference7601-89-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceSodium perchlorate(7601-89-0)
EPA Substance Registry SystemPerchloric acid, sodium salt (1:1) (7601-89-0)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes O,Xn
Risk Statements 9-22-48/22-36
Safety Statements 13-22-27
RIDADR UN 1502 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany 1
RTECS SC9800000
HazardClass 5.1
PackingGroup II
HS Code 28299000
Hazardous Substances Data7601-89-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orl-rat: 2100 mg/kg GTPZAB17(8),33,73
MSDS Information
ACROS English
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
Sodium perchlorate Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesSodium perchlorate, NaCl04, is a flammable, white crystalline deliquescent solid that melts at 482 °C(899.6 °F). Soluble in water and alcohol, it is used as an analytical reagent. Sodium perchlorate is explosive in nature when in contact with concentrated sulfuric acid and finds use in explosives and jet fuels.
UsesIt is used in electrolyte; oxidimetric standard.
UsesA chaotropic agent used in DNA extraction and hybridization
DefinitionChEBI: An inorganic sodium salt comprising equal numbers of sodium and perchlorate ions.
General DescriptionWhite crystalline solid. Noncombustible but will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved in a fire or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Used in chemical analysis and in explosives.
Air & Water ReactionsWater soluble.
Reactivity ProfileSodium perchlorate is a strong oxidizing agent. Explosively decomposed at over 130°C [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. A mixture with powdered magnesium is a friction-sensitive mixture [Safety Eng. Reports 1947]. A mixture with ammonium nitrate is used as an explosive [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:608 1956]. A 1:1 mixture of the perchlorate and hydrazine exploded upon grinding, [Chem. Abs., 1969, 70, 53524].
HazardDangerous fire and explosion risk in contact with organic materials and sulfuric acid.
Health HazardInhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Fire HazardThese substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.
Safety ProfileModerately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. A powerful oxidizer. Forms explosive mixture with acetone, 1,3-butylene glycol, 2,3butylene glycol, CaH2, charcoal, daminoethane, dimethyl formamide, ethanolamine, ethylene glycol, formamide, galactose, glycerin, hydrazine, water, NH4NO3, Mg, reducing agents, SrH2, urea. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NazO. See also PERCHLORATES.
Purification MethodsBecause its solubility in water is high (2.1g/mL at 15o) and it has a rather low-temperature coefficient of solubility, sodium perchlorate is usually crystallised from acetone, MeOH, water/ethanol or dioxane/water (33g dissolved
Sodium perchlorate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materialsBarium hydroxide
Tag:Sodium perchlorate(7601-89-0) Related Product Information
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