ChemicalBook >>Valeronitrile>>Pentanenitrile(110-59-8)

Pentanenitrile(110-59-8)

Pentanenitrile(110-59-8)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Pentanenitrile
【Synonyms】

1-Butyl cyanide
1-Cyanobutane
2,4-Imidazolidinedione
2-Imidazolin-4(or 5)-one, 2-hydroxy-
Glycolylurea
Imidazolidine-2,4-dione
Pentanenitrile
【CAS】

110-59-8
【CAS】

461-72-3
【Formula】

C3H4N2O2
【Formula】

C5H9N
【Molecular Weight】

100.08
【Molecular Weight】

83.13
【EINECS】

203-781-8
【EINECS】

207-313-3
【RTECS】

MT8210000
【RTECS】

YV8195000
【RTECS Class】

Reproductive Effector; Human Data
【RTECS Class】

Other
【Merck】

12,10043
【Merck】

13,4780
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1736706
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

110598
【Beilstein Reference】

5-24-05-00188
【Beilstein Reference】

4-02-00-00875
【EC Class】

flammable, harmful
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Clear colorless to yellow liquid.
【Appearance】

White crystalline powder.
【Solubility in water】

Insoluble
【Solubility in water】

Very soluble
【Melting Point】

219 - 222
【Melting Point】

-96
【Boiling Point】

139
【Vapor Pressure】

6 (25 C)
【Density】

0.8164 g/cm3 (0 C)
【pKa/pKb】

8.70 (pKa)
【Partition Coefficient】

1.15
【Heat Of Vaporization】

36.1 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Often used as a solvent.
【Usage】

Anticonvulsive, preserative.
【Vapor Density】

2.8
【Refractive Index】

1.3962 (20 C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

May cause irritation of the digestive tract. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
【Inhalation】

May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Skin】

May cause skin irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation. The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
【Eyes】

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
【Eyes】

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area.
【Storage】

Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

May cause respiratory tract irritation. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. May cause cardiac abnormalities. Contains cyanide. May be metabolized to cyanide which in turns act by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Inhalation may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which includes unconsciousness and death. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation. May cause burning sensation in the chest.
【Skin】

May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
【Ingestion】

May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause cardiac disturbances. Metabolism may release cyanide, which may result in headache, dizziness, weakness, collapse, unconsciousness and possible death. Ingestion of large amounts may cause CNS depression. Ingestion may result in symptoms similar to cyanide poisoning which is characterized by aspyhxiation.
【Hazards】

Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
【EC Risk Phrase】

R 10 22
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 22 24/25
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 23 36/37
【UN (DOT)】

2929
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
【Exposure Effects】

May be metabolized to cyanide which in turn acts by inhibiting cytochrome oxidase impairing cellular respiration. Effects may be delayed. Chronic exposure to cyanide solutions may lead to the development of a cyanide rash, characterized by itching, and by macular, papular, and vesicular eruptions, and may be accompanied by secondary infections.
【Exposure Effects】

Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause adverse reproductive effects. Reproductive effects have been reported in animals.
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

36
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Will burn if involved in a fire. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Extinguishing media: For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
【Upper exp. limit】

9.6
【Lower exp. limit】

1.5
【Fire Potential】

This chemical is combustible.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
【Small spills/leaks】

Clean up spills immediately, using the appropriate protective equipment. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Disposal Code】

9
【Incompatibilities】

Oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Incompatibilities】

Strong acids, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents.
【Decomposition】

Nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
【Combustion Products】

Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【UN Number】

2929
【Hazard Class】

6.1
【Packing Group】

I; II
【HS Code】

2933 21 00
【HS Code】

2926 90 95
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