ChemicalBook >>Trichloroethylene>>Trichloroethylene(79-01-6)

Trichloroethylene(79-01-6)

Trichloroethylene(79-01-6)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Trichloroethylene
【Synonyms】

1,1,2-Trichloroethene
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohex-2-en-1-ol
Acetylene trichloride
Ethinyl trichloride
Ethylene trichloride
Isophorol
Trichloroethene
【CAS】

470-99-5
【CAS】

79-01-6
【Formula】

C2HCl3
【Formula】

C9H16O
【Molecular Weight】

131.79
【Molecular Weight】

140.22
【EINECS】

201-167-4
【EINECS】

207-433-6
【RTECS】

KX4550000
【RTECS Class】

Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Tumorigen; Drug; Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
【Merck】

12,9769
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1736782
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

1929064
【Beilstein Reference】

3-06-00-00230
【Beilstein Reference】

4-01-00-00712
【EC Index Number】

602-027-00-9
【EC Class】

Carcinogenic Category 2; Mutagenic Category 3; Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness; Irritant; Dangerous for the Environment
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Clear, colorless liquid with an ethereal, sweet, chloroform-like odor.
【Appearance】

Clear, colorless liquid.
【Solubility in water】

Insoluble
【Melting Point】

-73
【Boiling Point】

79.4
【Boiling Point】

86.7
【Vapor Pressure】

58 (20 C)
【Density】

0.91833 g/cm3 (20 C)
【Density】

1.46 g/cm3 (20 C)
【Partition Coefficient】

2.61
【Heat Of Vaporization】

34.51 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】

-865 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Therap cat: anesthetic (inhalation)former use, therap cat (vet): anesthetic (inhalation).
【Vapor Density】

4.53
【Vapor Density】

4.84
【Saturation Concentration】

7.9% (20 C)
【Odor threshold】

21.4 ppm in water
【Refractive Index】

1.47 (20 C)
【Refractive Index】

1.47914 (20 C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Induce vomiting immediately as directed by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Call a physician.
【Ingestion】

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
【Inhalation】

Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
【Inhalation】

May cause respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated. Aspiration may lead to pulmonary edema. Inhalation at high concentrations may cause CNS depression and asphixiation.
【Inhalation】

Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration.
【Skin】

May cause irritation and dermatitis. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
【Skin】

Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
【Skin】

Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
【Eyes】

May cause eye irritation. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
【Eyes】

Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
【Eyes】

Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid immediately.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Storage】

Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use only in a well ventilated area. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
【Inhalation】

Vapors can irritate the respiratory tract. Causes depression of the central nervous system with symptoms of visual disturbances and mental confusion, incoordination, headache, nausea, euphoria, and dizziness. Inhalation of high concentrations could cause unconsciousness, heart effects, liver effects, kidney effects, and death.
【Skin】

Cause irritation, redness and pain. Can cause blistering. Continued skin contact has a defatting action and can produce rough, dry, red skin resulting in secondary infection.
【Eyes】

Vapors may cause severe irritation with redness and pain. Splashes may cause eye damage.
【Ingestion】

Cases irritation to gastrointestinal tract. May also cause effects similar to inhalation. May cause coughing, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, pulmonary edema, unconsciousness. Kidney failure can result in severe cases. Estimated fatal dose is 3-5 ml/kg.
【Hazards】

Air/vapor mixtures may explode when ignited. Container may explode in heat of fire.
【EC Risk Phrase】

R 45 36/38 52/53 67 68
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 53 45 61
【UN (DOT)】

1710
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA's 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
【Respirators】

Wear a supplied air, full-facepiece respirator, airlined hood, or full-facepiece self-contained breathing apparatus. Breathing air quality must meet the requirements of the OSHA respiratory protection standard (29CFR1910.134). This substance has poor warning properties. Where respirators are required, you must have a written program covering the basic requirements in the OSHA respirator standard. These include training, fit testing, medical approval, cleaning, maintenance, cartridge change schedules, etc. See 29CFR1910.134 for details.
【Exposure Effects】

Chronic exposures may cause liver, kidney, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system effects. Workers chronically exposed may exhibit central nervous system depression, intolerance to alcohol, and increased cardiac output. This material is linked to mutagenic effects in humans. This material is also a suspect carcinogen.
【Exposure limit(s)】

OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm C 200 ppm 300 ppm (5-minute maximum peak in any 2 hours) NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A See Appendix C NIOSH IDLH: Potential occupational carcinogen 1000 ppm
【Poison Class】

4
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

32
【Flash Point】

80
【Autoignition】

410
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Combustible Liquid. Extinguishing media: Water may be ineffective. In case of fire, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder or appropriate foam.
【Fire Fighting】

Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Extinguishing media: Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. In case of fire use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or chemical foam.
【Upper exp. limit】

12.5
【Lower exp. limit】

7.9
【Fire Potential】

Slightly flammable. Except at elevated temperatures.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Absorb spill with inert material, (e.g., dry sand or earth), then place into a chemical waste container. Remove all sources of ignition. Provide ventilation.
【Small spills/leaks】

Cover with sand, dry lime or soda ash and place in a closed container for disposal. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Acid anhydrides, acid chlorides, strong oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
【Stability】

Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Will slowly decompose to hydrochloric acid when exposed to light and moisture.
【Incompatibilities】

Strong caustics and alkalis, strong oxidizers, chemically active metals, such as barium, lithium, sodium, magnesium, titanium and beryllium, liquid oxygen.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride and phosgene.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
【Combustion Products】

Combustion by-products include phosgene and hydrogen chloride gases. Structural firefighters' clothing provides only limited protection to the combustion products of this material.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【UN Number】

1710
【Hazard Class】

6.1
【Packing Group】

III
【HS Code】

2903 22 00
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