ChemicalBook >>Acetic acid>>Acetic acid glacial(64-19-7)

Acetic acid glacial(64-19-7)

Acetic acid glacial(64-19-7)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Acetic acid glacial
【Synonyms】

Ethanoic acid
Ethylic acid
Methanecarboxylic acid
【CAS】

64-19-7
【Formula】

C2H4O2
【Molecular Weight】

60.05
【EINECS】

200-580-7
【RTECS】

AF1225000
【RTECS Class】

Mutagen; Reproductive Effector; Human Data; Primary Irritant
【Merck】

13,56
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

506007
【Beilstein Reference】

4-02-00-00094
【EC Index Number】

607-002-00-6
【EC Class】

Flammable; Corrosive
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Clear, colorless liquid, odor of vinegar.
【Solubility in water】

Miscible
【Melting Point】

16.6
【Melting Point】

17
【Boiling Point】

117.9
【Boiling Point】

118
【Vapor Pressure】

16 (25 C)
【Vapor Pressure】

11 (20 C)
【Density】

1.05 g/cm3
【Density】

1.05 g/cm3 (20 C)
【pKa/pKb】

4.76 (pKa)
【Partition Coefficient】

-.17
【Heat Of Vaporization】

52.3 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Vaporization】

52.30 kJ/mol
【Heat Of Combustion】

-873 kJ/mol
【Usage】

Herbicide, microbiocide, fungicide, ph adjustment.
【Vapor Density】

2.07
【Saturation Concentration】

1.5% (15000 ppm) at 20 C (calculated)
【Odor threshold】

0.21 - 1.0 ppm
【Odor threshold】

0.21 To 1.0 ppm
【Refractive Index】

1.3718
【Refractive Index】

1.3718 (20 C)
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid immediately.
【Ingestion】

May cause severe and permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes severe pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and shock. May cause polyuria, oliguria and anuria.
【Inhalation】

Get medical aid immediately. Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. DO NOT use mouth-to-mouth respiration. If breathing has ceased apply artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a bag and a mask.
【Inhalation】

Effects may be delayed. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Exposure may lead to bronchitis, pharyngitis, and dental erosion.
【Skin】

Get medical aid immediately. Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Destroy contaminated shoes.
【Skin】

Causes skin burns. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Contact with the skin may cause blackening and hyperkeratosis of the skin of the hands.
【Eyes】

Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation is required (at least 30 minutes).
【Eyes】

Causes severe eye irritation. Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns and possible irreversible eye damage. Lachrymator.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Corrosives area. Store in a suitable container in a dry area above the substance's freezing point. Do not store near alkaline substances.
【Storage】

Protect against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fire hazard may be acute. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles. Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfers to avoid static sparks. Storage and use areas should be No Smoking areas. Use non-sparking type tools and equipment, including explosion proof ventilation. Protect from freezing. Store above 17 C.
【Handling】

Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Discard contaminated shoes. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

Effects may be delayed. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Exposure may lead to bronchitis, pharyngitis, and dental erosion. Inhalation of concentrated vapors may cause serious damage to the lining of the nose, throat, and lungs. Breathing difficulties may occur. Neither odor nor degree of irritation are adequate to indicate vapor concentration.
【Skin】

Causes skin burns. May cause skin sensitization, an allergic reaction, which becomes evident upon re-exposure to this material. May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Contact with the skin may cause blackening and hyperkeratosis of the skin of the hands.
【Eyes】

Causes severe eye irritation. Contact with liquid or vapor causes severe burns and possible irreversible eye damage. Lachrymator.
【Ingestion】

Swallowing can cause severe injury leading to death. Symptoms include sore throat, vomiting, and diarrhea. Ingestion of as little as 1.0 ml has resulted in perforation of the esophagus.
【Hazards】

Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers.
【EC Risk Phrase】

R 10 35
【EC Safety Phrase】

S 23 26 45
【UN (DOT)】

2789
【UN (DOT)】

2790
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166. Skin: Wear appropriate gloves to prevent skin exposure. Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
【Respirators】

Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Always use a NIOSH or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator when necessary.
【Respirators】

If the exposure limit is exceeded, a full facepiece respirator with organic vapor cartridge may be worn up to 50 times the exposure limit or the maximum use concentration specified by the appropriate regulatory agency or respirator supplier, whichever is lowest. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-facepiece positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator. WARNING: Air purifying respirators do not protect workers in oxygen-deficient atmospheres.
【Exposure Effects】

Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Repeated exposure may lead to blackening and hyperkeratosis of the skin and hands, conjunctivitis, bronchitis and pharyngitis and erosion of the teeth.
【Exposure limit(s)】

OSHA PEL: TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (25 mg/m3) ST 15 ppm (37 mg/m3) NIOSH IDLH: 50 ppm
【Poison Class】

4
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Flash Point】

39
【Flash Point】

40
【Autoignition】

427
【Autoignition】

485
【Fire Fighting】

Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use alcohol foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Use water spray to knock-down vapors.
【Upper exp. limit】

16
【Upper exp. limit】

19.9
【Lower exp. limit】

4
【Fire Potential】

Moderately flammable. Will support combustion.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Use water spray to dilute spill to a non-flammable mixture. Avoid runoff into storm sewers and ditches which lead to waterways. Wash area with soap and water. Use water spray to disperse the gas/vapor. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. Cover with material such as dry soda ash or calcium carbonate and place into a closed container for disposal. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Acetaldehyde, 2-aminoethanol, ammonium nitrate, bromine pentafluoride, chlorine trifluoride, chlorosulfonic acid, chromic acid, chromic anhydride + acetic anhydride, diallyl methyl carbinol + ozone, ethylene diamine, ethyleneimine, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, nitric acid + acetone, oleum, perchloric acid, permanganates, phosphorus isocyanate, phosphorus trichloride, potassium hydroxide, potassium-t-butoxide, sodium hydroxide, sodium peroxide, and xylene. See NFPA Fire Protection Guide for specifics.
【Incompatibilities】

Chromic acid, nitric acid, ethylene glycol, perchloric acid, phosphorous trichloride, oxidizers, sodium peroxide, strong caustics, most metals (except aluminum), carbonates, hydroxides, oxides, and phosphates.
【Stability】

Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
【Decomposition】

Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
【Combustion Products】

Irritating vapor generated when heated.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【UN Number】

2789
【UN Number】

2790
【Hazard Class】

8
【Packing Group】

II
【HS Code】

2915 21 00
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