Chemical Safety Data Sheet MSDS / SDS

Ammonium chloride

Revision Date:2022-12-24Revision Number:1

SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

Product identifier

  • Product name: Ammonium chloride
  • CBnumber: CB7129971
  • CAS: 12125-02-9
  • EINECS Number: 235-186-4
  • Synonyms: NH4Cl,Ammonium Chloride

Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

  • Relevant identified uses: For R&D use only. Not for medicinal, household or other use.
  • Uses advised against: none

Company Identification

  • Company: Chemicalbook
  • Address: Building 1, Huihuang International, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing
  • Telephone: 400-158-6606

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements

  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordWarning
Precautionary statements
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…
Hazard statements
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H319 Causes serious eye irritation
H335 May cause respiratory irritation
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients

Substance

  • Product name: Ammonium chloride
  • Synonyms: NH4Cl,Ammonium Chloride
  • CAS: 12125-02-9
  • EC number: 235-186-4
  • MF: ClH4N
  • MW: 53.49

SECTION 4: First aid measures

Description of first aid measures

General advice
Show this material safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
After inhalation: fresh air.
In case of skin contact
In case of skin contact: Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.
In case of eye contact
After eye contact: rinse out with plenty of water. Call in ophthalmologist. Remove contact lenses.
If swallowed
After swallowing: immediately make victim drink water (two glasses at most). Consult a physician.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in section 11

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

No data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media
Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and the surrounding environment.
Unsuitable extinguishing media
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) Hydrogen chloride gas Not combustible.

Ambient fire may liberate hazardous vapours.

Advice for firefighters

In the event of fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus.

Further information

Suppress (knock down) gases/vapors/mists with a water spray jet. Prevent fire extinguishing water from contaminating surface water or the ground water system.

NFPA 704

2
0
0
HEALTH 2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
FIRE 0 Materials that will not burn under typical fire conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as concrete, stone, and sand. Materials that will not burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 820 °C (1,500 °F) for a period of 5 minutes.(e.g. Carbon tetrachloride)
REACT 0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)
SPEC. HAZ.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Advice for non-emergency personnel: Avoid inhalation of dusts. Avoid substance contact. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate the danger area, observe emergency procedures, consult an expert.

For personal protection see section 8.

Environmental precautions

Do not let product enter drains.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Cover drains. Collect, bind, and pump off spills. Observe possible material restrictions (see sections 7 and 10). Take up dry. Dispose of properly. Clean up affected area. Avoid generation of dusts.

Reference to other sections

For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

For precautions see section 2.2.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Storage conditions

Tightly closed. Dry.

Hygroscopic.

Specific end use(s)

Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

control parameter

Hazard composition and occupational exposure limits
Does not contain substances with occupational exposure limits.

Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection

Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU). Safety glasses

Skin protection

Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.

The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Full contact

Material: Nitrile rubber

Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm Break through time: 480 min

Material tested:Dermatril? (KCL 740 / Aldrich Z677272, Size M)

Splash contact Material: Nitrile rubber

Minimum layer thickness: 0,11 mm Break through time: 480 min

Material tested:Dermatril? (KCL 740 / Aldrich Z677272, Size M)

data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300, e-mail sales@kcl.de, test method: EN374

If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374, contact the supplier of the EC approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.

Body Protection

protective clothing

Respiratory protection

required when dusts are generated.

Our recommendations on filtering respiratory protection are based on the following standards: DIN EN 143, DIN 14387 and other accompanying standards relating to the used respiratory protection system.

Recommended Filter type: Filter type P2

The entrepeneur has to ensure that maintenance, cleaning and testing of respiratory protective devices are carried out according to the instructions of the producer.

These measures have to be properly documented.

Control of environmental exposure

Do not let product enter drains.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

Information on basic physicochemical properties

  • AppearanceForm: solid Color: white
  • Odourodorless
  • Odour ThresholdNot applicable d) pH 5 - 5,5 at 25 °C Melting point/freezing point Initial boiling point and boiling range Melting point: 338 °C - (sublimed) 520 °C Flash point Not applicable Evaporation rate No data available Flammability (solid, The product is not flammable. - Flammability (solids) gas) Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits No data available Vapour pressure 1,3 hPa at 160,4 °C 1,3 hPa at 30 °C Vapour density No data available Relative density No data available Water solubility 372 g/l at 20 °C Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water Autoignition temperature Decomposition temperature Not applicable for inorganic substances >400 °C - Relative self-ignition temperature for solidsdoes not ignite Not applicable Viscosity Viscosity, kinematic: No data available Viscosity, dynamic: No data available Explosive properties No data available Oxidizing properties No data available
  • Melting point/freezing pointMelting point: 338 °C - (sublimed)
  • Initial boiling point and boiling range520 °C
  • Flash pointNot applicable
  • Evaporation rateNo data available
  • Flammability (solid, gas)The product is not flammable. - Flammability (solids)
  • Upper/lower flammability or explosive limitsNo data available
  • Vapour pressure 1,3 hPa at 160,4 °C 1,3 hPa at 30 °C
  • Vapour density 1 mm Hg ( 160.4 °C)
  • Relative density1.9 (vs air)
  • Water solubility372 g/l at 20 °C
  • Partition coefficient: n-octanol/waterNot applicable for inorganic substances
  • Autoignition temperature>400 °C - Relative self-ignition temperature for solidsdoes not ignite
  • Decomposition temperatureNot applicable
  • ViscosityViscosity, kinematic: No data available Viscosity, dynamic: No data available
  • Explosive propertiesNo data available
  • Oxidizing propertiesNo data available
  • λmaxλ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.021
    λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.019

Other safety information

No data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

No data available

Chemical stability

The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature) .

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Violent reactions possible with:

alkali hydroxides acids

Risk of ignition or formation of inflammable gases or vapours with: halogen-halogen compounds

alkalines

alkaline substances Risk of explosion with: nitrates

chlorates

Heavy metal salts nitrites

Hydrogen cyanide (hydrocyanic acid)

Chlorine silver salt

Strong oxidizing agents

Conditions to avoid

Exposure to moisture may affect product quality. no information available

Incompatible materials

Aluminum, Lead, Iron, Copper, copper compounds

Hazardous decomposition products

In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity
LD50 Oral - Rat - male and female - 1.410 mg/kg (OECD Test Guideline 401)
Symptoms: Irritations of mucous membranes in the mouth, pharynx, oesophagus and gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms: Possible damages:, mucosal irritations
LD50 Dermal - Rat - male and female - > 2.000 mg/kg Remarks: (ECHA)
Skin corrosion/irritation
Skin - Rabbit
Result: No skin irritation - 24 h (Draize Test)
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
Eyes - Rabbit Result: Eye irritation Remarks: (ECHA)
Respiratory or skin sensitization
(OECD Test Guideline 406)
Germ cell mutagenicity
No data available
Test Type: Ames test
Test system: Escherichia coli/Salmonella typhimurium Metabolic activation: with and without metabolic activation Method: OECD Test Guideline 471
Result: negative
Test Type: Mutagenicity (mammal cell test): chromosome aberration. Test system: Chinese hamster lung cells
Metabolic activation: without metabolic activation Method: OECD Test Guideline 473
Result: positive
Test Type: Micronucleus test Species: Mouse
Cell type: Bone marrow
Application Route: Intraperitoneal injection Method: OECD Test Guideline 474
Result: negative
Carcinogenicity
No data available
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Toxicity
LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 30 i.m. (Boyd, Seymour); LD50 in rats (mg/kg): 1650 orally (Smeets)

SECTION 12: Ecological information

Toxicity

Toxicity to fish
semi-static test LC50 - Cyprinus carpio (Carp) - 209,00 mg/l - 96 h Remarks: (ECHA)


Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates

static test EC50 - Daphnia magna (Water flea) - 101 mg/l - 48 h Remarks: (ECHA)

Toxicity to algae
static test ErC50 - Chlorella vulgaris (Fresh water algae) - 1.300 mg/l

- 5 d

Remarks: (ECHA)


Toxicity to bacteria
static test EC50 - activated sludge - 1.310 mg/l - 0,5 h (OECD Test Guideline 209)

Persistence and degradability

The methods for determining the biological degradability are not applicable to inorganic substances.

Bioaccumulative potential

No data available

Mobility in soil

No data available

Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

This substance/mixture contains no components considered to be either persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) at levels of 0.1% or higher.

Other adverse effects

No data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Product

See www.retrologistik.com for processes regarding the return of chemicals and containers, or contact us there if you have further questions.

Incompatibilities

Ammonium chloride is incompatible with strong acids and strong bases. It reacts violently with ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate, causing fire and explosion hazards. It also attacks copper and its compounds.

Waste Disposal

Pretreatment involves addition of sodium hydroxide to liberate ammonia and form the soluble sodium salt. The liberated ammonia can be recovered and sold. After dilution to the permitted provisional limit, the sodium salt can be discharged into a stream or sewer.

SECTION 14: Transport information

UN number

ADR/RID: - IMDG: - IATA: -

UN proper shipping name

ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods IMDG: Not dangerous goods IATA: Not dangerous goods

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: - IMDG: - IATA: -

Packaging group

ADR/RID: - IMDG: - IATA: -

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG Marine pollutant: no IATA: no

Special precautions for user

No data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

Regulations on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015:Not Listed. website: https://www.mem.gov.cn/
Measures for Environmental Management of New Chemical Substances
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS):Listed. website: https://emb.gov.ph/
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL):Listed. website: http://ncis.nier.go.kr
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory:Listed. website: https://chemicaldata.gov.vn/
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory:Listed. website: https://www.epa.gov/
EC Inventory:Listed.
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC):Listed. website: https://www.mee.gov.cn/
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS):Listed. website: https://echa.europa.eu/
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC):Listed. website: https://www.epa.govt.nz/

SECTION 16: Other information

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

【1】CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple

【2】ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp

【3】ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

【4】eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en

【5】ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg

【6】Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp

【7】HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm

【8】IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/

【9】IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home

【10】Sigma-Aldrich, website: https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/

Disclaimer:

The information in this MSDS is only applicable to the specified product, unless otherwise specified, it is not applicable to the mixture of this product and other substances. This MSDS only provides information on the safety of the product for those who have received the appropriate professional training for the user of the product. Users of this MSDS must make independent judgments on the applicability of this SDS. The authors of this MSDS will not be held responsible for any harm caused by the use of this MSDS.

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