Chemical Safety Data Sheet MSDS / SDS

Propionic acid

Revision Date:2022-12-03Revision Number:1

SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

Product identifier

  • Product name: Propionic acid
  • CBnumber: CB4138567
  • CAS: 79-09-4
  • EINECS Number: 201-176-3
  • Synonyms: Propionic acid,propanoic acid

Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

  • Relevant identified uses: For R&D use only. Not for medicinal, household or other use.
  • Uses advised against: none

Company Identification

  • Company: Chemicalbook
  • Address: Building 1, Huihuang International, Shangdi 10th Street, Haidian District, Beijing
  • Telephone: 400-158-6606

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements

  • Symbol(GHS)
  • Signal wordDanger
Precautionary statements
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 Store locked up.
Hazard statements
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H335 May cause respiratory irritation

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients

Substance

  • Product name: Propionic acid
  • Synonyms: Propionic acid,propanoic acid
  • CAS: 79-09-4
  • EC number: 201-176-3
  • MF: C3H6O2
  • MW: 74.08

SECTION 4: First aid measures

Description of first aid measures

General advice
First aider needs to protect himself. Show this material safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.
If inhaled
After inhalation: fresh air. Call in physician.
In case of skin contact
In case of skin contact: Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower. Call a physician immediately.
In case of eye contact
After eye contact: rinse out with plenty of water. Immediately call in ophthalmologist. Remove contact lenses.
If swallowed
After swallowing: make victim drink water (two glasses at most), avoid vomiting (risk of perforation). Call a physician immediately. Do not attempt to neutralise.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling (see section 2.2) and/or in section 11

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

No data available

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media
Water Foam Carbon dioxide (CO2) Dry powder
Unsuitable extinguishing media
For this substance/mixture no limitations of extinguishing agents are given.

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Nature of decomposition products not known. Combustible.

Vapors are heavier than air and may spread along floors. Forms explosive mixtures with air at elevated temperatures.

Development of hazardous combustion gases or vapours possible in the event of fire.

Advice for firefighters

Stay in danger area only with self-contained breathing apparatus. Prevent skin contact by keeping a safe distance or by wearing suitable protective clothing.

Further information

Remove container from danger zone and cool with water. Prevent fire extinguishing water from contaminating surface water or the ground water system.

NFPA 704

3
2
0
HEALTH 3 Short exposure could cause serious temporary or moderate residual injury (e.g. liquid hydrogen, sulfuric acid, calcium hypochlorite, hexafluorosilicic acid)
FIRE 2 Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur and multiple finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point between 37.8 and 93.3 °C (100 and 200 °F). (e.g. diesel fuel, sulfur)
REACT 0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)
SPEC. HAZ.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Advice for non-emergency personnel: Do not breathe vapors, aerosols. Avoid substance contact. Ensure adequate ventilation. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

Evacuate the danger area, observe emergency procedures, consult an expert. For personal protection see section 8.

Environmental precautions

Do not let product enter drains. Risk of explosion.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Cover drains. Collect, bind, and pump off spills. Observe possible material restrictions (see sections 7 and 10). Take up with liquid-absorbent and neutralising material (e.g. Chemizorb? H ? , Merck Art. No. 101595). Dispose of properly. Clean up affected area.

Reference to other sections

For disposal see section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Advice on protection against fire and explosion

Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition.Take precautionary measures against static discharge.

Hygiene measures

Immediately change contaminated clothing. Apply preventive skin protection. Wash hands and face after working with substance.

For precautions see section 2.2.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Storage conditions

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

Specific end use(s)

Apart from the uses mentioned in section 1.2 no other specific uses are stipulated

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

control parameter

Hazard composition and occupational exposure limits
Does not contain substances with occupational exposure limits.

Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment
Eye/face protection

Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU). Tightly fitting safety goggles

Skin protection

Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique (without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands.

The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Full contact

Material: butyl-rubber

Minimum layer thickness: 0,3 mm Break through time: 480 min

Material tested:Butoject? (KCL 897 / Aldrich Z677647, Size M)

Splash contact

Material: Nature latex/chloroprene Minimum layer thickness: 0,6 mm Break through time: 41 min

Material tested:Lapren? (KCL 706 / Aldrich Z677558, Size M)

data source: KCL GmbH, D-36124 Eichenzell, phone +49 (0)6659 87300, e-mail sales@kcl.de, test method: EN374

If used in solution, or mixed with other substances, and under conditions which differ from EN 374, contact the supplier of the EC approved gloves. This recommendation is advisory only and must be evaluated by an industrial hygienist and safety officer familiar with the specific situation of anticipated use by our customers. It should not be construed as offering an approval for any specific use scenario.

Body Protection

Flame retardant antistatic protective clothing.

Respiratory protection

Recommended Filter type: Filter A (acc. to DIN 3181) for vapours of organic compounds

The entrepeneur has to ensure that maintenance, cleaning and testing of respiratory protective devices are carried out according to the instructions of the producer.

These measures have to be properly documented.

Control of environmental exposure

Do not let product enter drains. Risk of explosion.

Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 10 ppm (~30 mg/m3) (ACGIH).

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

Information on basic physicochemical properties

  • AppearanceForm: liquid, clear Color: colorless
  • OdourNo data available
  • Odour Threshold0.0057ppm
  • pH2,5 at 100 g/l at 20 °C
  • Melting point/freezing pointMelting point/range: -24 °C - lit.
  • Initial boiling point and boiling range141 °C - lit.
  • Flash point54 °C - closed cup
  • Evaporation rateNo data available
  • Flammability (solid, gas)No data available
  • Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits Upper explosion limit: 12,1 %(V) Lower explosion limit: 2,9 %(V)
  • Vapour pressure 3,2 hPa at 20 °C
  • Vapour density 2,56 - (Air = 1.0)
  • Relative density0,993 g/mL at 25 °C
  • Water solubilitysoluble
  • Partition coefficient: n-octanol/waterlog Pow: 0,25
  • Autoignition temperature440 °C at 1.013 hPa
  • Decomposition temperatureNo data available
  • ViscosityViscosity, kinematic: No data available Viscosity, dynamic: 10 mPa.s at 25 °C
  • Explosive propertiesNo data available
  • Oxidizing propertiesNo data available

Other safety information

Surface tension 27,21 mN/m at 15 °C


Dissociation constant 4,88

Relative vapor density

2,56 - (Air = 1.0)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

Vapor/air-mixtures are explosive at intense warming.

Chemical stability

The product is chemically stable under standard ambient conditions (room temperature) .

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Exothermic reaction with:

Oxidizing agents Reducing agents alkalines

Risk of ignition or formation of inflammable gases or vapours with: Iron

Zinc magnesium Lead


Conditions to avoid

Heating.

Incompatible materials

various plastics

Hazardous decomposition products

In the event of fire: see section 5

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity
LD50 Oral - Rat - male and female - 3.455,1 mg/kg (OECD Test Guideline 401)
LC50 Inhalation - Rat - male and female - 4 h - > 20 mg/l (OECD Test Guideline 403)
LD50 Dermal - Rat - female - 3.235 mg/kg (OECD Test Guideline 402)
LD50 Parenteral - Rat - 3.500 mg/kg
Skin corrosion/irritation
Skin - Rabbit
Result: Causes burns.
Serious eye damage/eye irritation
Eyes - Rabbit
Result: Risk of serious damage to eyes.
Respiratory or skin sensitization
No data available
Germ cell mutagenicity
reverse mutation assay
S. typhimurium Result: negative
OECD Test Guideline 474
Hamster - male and female Result: negative
Carcinogenicity
IARC: No ingredient of this product present at levels greater than or equal to 0.1% is identified as probable, possible or confirmed human carcinogen by IARC.
Reproductive toxicity
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure
No data available
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure
No data available
Aspiration hazard
No data available
Toxicity
LD50 orally in rats: 4.29 g/kg (Smyth)

SECTION 12: Ecological information

Toxicity

No data available

Persistence and degradability

Biodegradability aerobic - Exposure time 20 d

Result: 93 % - Readily biodegradable.

Bioaccumulative potential

No data available

Mobility in soil

No data available

Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

This substance/mixture contains no components considered to be either persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT), or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) at levels of 0.1% or higher.

Other adverse effects

No data available

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

Product

See www.retrologistik.com for processes regarding the return of chemicals and containers, or contact us there if you have further questions.

Incompatibilities

Propionic acid is a medium strong acid. Incompatible with sulfuric acid, strong bases; ammonia, isocyanates, alkylene oxides; epichlorohydrin. Reacts with bases; strong oxidizers; and amines, causing fire and explo- sion hazard. Attacks many metals forming flammable/ explosive hydrogen gas. It can be salted out of aqueous solutions by the addition of calcium chloride or other salts.

Waste Disposal

Incineration in admixture with flammable solvent.

SECTION 14: Transport information

UN number

ADR/RID: 3463 IMDG: 3463 IATA: 3463

UN proper shipping name

ADR/RID: PROPIONIC ACID IMDG: PROPIONIC ACID IATA: Propionic acid

Transport hazard class(es)

ADR/RID: 8 (3) IMDG: 8 (3) IATA: 8 (3)

Packaging group

ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

Environmental hazards

ADR/RID: no IMDG Marine pollutant: no IATA: no

Special precautions for user

No data available

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

Regulations on the Safety Management of Hazardous Chemicals
China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015:Listed. website: https://www.mem.gov.cn/
Measures for Environmental Management of New Chemical Substances
Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC):Listed. website: https://www.mee.gov.cn/
EC Inventory:Listed.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC):Listed. website: https://www.epa.govt.nz/
United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory:Listed. website: https://www.epa.gov/
European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS):Listed. website: https://echa.europa.eu/
Korea Existing Chemicals List (KECL):Listed. website: http://ncis.nier.go.kr
Vietnam National Chemical Inventory:Listed. website: https://chemicaldata.gov.vn/
Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS):Listed. website: https://emb.gov.ph/

SECTION 16: Other information

Abbreviations and acronyms

  • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
  • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
  • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
  • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
  • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
  • TWA: Time Weighted Average
  • STEL: Short term exposure limit
  • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
  • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
  • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

References

【1】CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple

【2】ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp

【3】ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

【4】eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en

【5】ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg

【6】Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp

【7】HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm

【8】IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/

【9】IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home

【10】Sigma-Aldrich, website: https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/

Disclaimer:

The information in this MSDS is only applicable to the specified product, unless otherwise specified, it is not applicable to the mixture of this product and other substances. This MSDS only provides information on the safety of the product for those who have received the appropriate professional training for the user of the product. Users of this MSDS must make independent judgments on the applicability of this SDS. The authors of this MSDS will not be held responsible for any harm caused by the use of this MSDS.

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