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Reduction agent for preparation of metal carbonyl compound Related chemical reaction
Chemical Name:
Phenylmagnesi;bromophenylmagnesium;Phenylbromomagnesium;bromophenyl-magnesiu;(Bromomagnesio)benzene;PhenylMagnesiuM BroMid;Magnesium, bromophenyl-;PHENYLMAGNESIUM BROMIDE;phenylmagnesiumbromidesolution;Phenylmagnesiumbromide,3Minether
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:


1.134 g/mL at 25 °C
Flash point:
−40 °F
storage temp. 
water-free area
Miscible with tetrahydrofuran.
Yellow to brown
Water Solubility 
Air & Moisture Sensitive
CAS DataBase Reference
100-58-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry System
Magnesium, bromophenyl-(100-58-3)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F+,C,F
Risk Statements  12-14-22-34-19-11-67-40-37
Safety Statements  16-26-36/37/39-45-33-29-7/8-6A-43B
RIDADR  UN 3399 4.3/PG 1
WGK Germany  1
HazardClass  4.3
PackingGroup  II
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 1 Danger P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 2
Category 3
P231+P232, P280, P370+P378,P402+P404, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P402+P404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.


Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 171565 Phenylmagnesium bromide solution 3.0M in diethyl ether 100-58-3 50ml $40 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 171565 Phenylmagnesium bromide solution 3.0M in diethyl ether 100-58-3 18l $1795 2017-11-08 Buy
TCI Chemical P2025 Phenylmagnesium Bromide (16% in Tetrahydrofuran, ca. 1mol/L) 100-58-3 250g $107 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar 42859 Phenylmagnesium bromide, 3M in ether, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal? bottles 100-58-3 0.25mole $49.8 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 42859 Phenylmagnesium bromide, 3M in ether, packaged under Argon in resealable ChemSeal? bottles 100-58-3 0.5mole $81.2 2017-11-08 Buy

PHENYLMAGNESIUM BROMIDE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Reduction agent for preparation of metal carbonyl compound

In 1890, L.Mond found that when carbon monoxide was burned after being put through the active metal nickel powder, it emitted green light flame. After the resulting gas was cooled, he could obtain colorless liquid (melting point 298K, the boiling point of 316K); if this gas is flowed through a heated glass tube, then it can be seen that the metallic nickel was deposited on the wall. This gas is tetracarbonyl nickel Ni(CO)4. Since the 1960s, people have synthesized a hundreds kinds of such carbonyl compounds and their derivatives. Almost all of the transition metal can form such compounds. This kind of special complex formed through transition metal with carbon monoxide ligands is called metal carbonyls, otherwise known as carbonyl complexes. Metal carbonyl occupies an important position in both theoretical research and practical application in modern inorganic chemistry.
Preparation of metal carbonyl compound can usually via the following methods:
1. Direct synthesis. Most metal carbonyl complexes are prepared by direct combination between metal and carbon monoxide. However, the metal must be new reduction products, and is in a very activated state.
2. Reduction carbonylation effect at high pressure. Apply reducing agent under high pressure to enable the carbonylation reaction between the metal and carbonyl group with the major reducing agents mainly including hydrogen, active metals, phenylmagnesium bromide (C6H5MgBr) and so on.
3. With thermal decomposition or UV irradiation decomposition, we can obtain certain polynuclear carbonyl compounds.
4. Two different kinds of metal carbonyl compounds can interact with each other to give hetero-nuclear carbonyl compound.

Related chemical reaction

1. Phenylmagnesium bromide can react with ferric chloride to give the coupling product. Cyclopentadienyl magnesium bromide can react with ferric chloride to give ferrocene.
2. It can react with chromium trichloride in diethyl ether solution to generate dibenzenechromium.
3. Hexaphenyldilead can be used as the antioxidant of polyphenylene ether lubricant that can be produced from the reaction of lead chloride with phenyl lithium or phenyl magnesium bromide.
4. Take tetrahydrofuran as the solvent, have phenylmagnesium bromide reacted with germanium tetrachloride to obtain tetraphenyl germane.
5. It can be obtained through the low-temperature reaction between lead chloride and phenylmagnesium bromide (Or phenyllithium) in the presence of iodobenzene to derive tetraphenyl lead.
6. Sodium tetraphenylborate is mainly used for the determination of potassium ion, ammonium ion, rubidium ion and cesium ion. It can be obtained with the following process: phenylmagnesium bromide is interacted with boron trifluoride/diethyl ether to generate Tetraphenylboron magnesium bromide first. Evaporate the diethyl ether; add water and then used the calculated amount of sodium carbonate for treatment to obtain it.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

Chemical Properties

Clear light brown to brown solution when properly

PHENYLMAGNESIUM BROMIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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