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Diethyl ether

Chemical Properties Medical uses First-aid Production
Diethyl ether
Diethyl ether
CAS No.
60-29-7
Chemical Name:
Diethyl ether
Synonyms
αther;Aether;(C2H5)2O;Pronarcol;ETHER,USP;αthylαther;AETHER DAB;ether,ethyl;Ethy1 Ether;Ethyl ether
CBNumber:
CB6853949
Molecular Formula:
C4H10O
Formula Weight:
74.12
MOL File:
60-29-7.mol

Diethyl ether Properties

Melting point:
-116 °C
Boiling point:
34.6 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.714
vapor density 
2.6 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
28.69 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.3530(lit.)
Flash point:
-40 °F
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
form 
Liquid
color 
max. 10
Water Solubility 
69 g/L (20 ºC)
FreezingPoint 
-116.3℃
Merck 
14,3806
Stability:
Stable, but light-sensitive, sensitive to air. May contain BHT (2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol) as a stabilizer. Substances to be avoided include zinc, halogens, halogen-halogen compounds, nonmetals, nonmetallic oxyhalides, strong oxidizing agents, chromyl chloride, turpentine oils, turps substitutes, nitrates, metallic chlorides. Extre
CAS DataBase Reference
60-29-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Ethoxy ethane(60-29-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Ethane, 1,1'-oxybis-(60-29-7)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F+,Xn,T,F
Risk Statements  12-19-22-66-67-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
Safety Statements  9-16-29-33-45-36/37-7
RIDADR  UN 1155 3/PG 1
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  KI5775000
10
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 60-29-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P405 Store locked up.

Diethyl ether price More Price(16)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
TCI Chemical D3479 Diethyl Ether Anhydrous (stabilized with BHT) >99.5%(GC) 60-29-7 500mL $55 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar 16767 Diethyl ether, anhydrous, ACS, 99% min, stab. with BHT 60-29-7 *6x500g $190 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 16767 Diethyl ether, anhydrous, ACS, 99% min, stab. with BHT 60-29-7 50g $29.9 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 33224 Diethyl ether, ACS, 98% min, stab. with 0.001% BHT and 3% ethanol 60-29-7 500g $41.2 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 16767 Diethyl ether, anhydrous, ACS, 99% min, stab. with BHT 60-29-7 500g $45.7 2017-11-08 Buy

Diethyl ether Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Diethyl ether is inactive at room temperatures, but some reactions may also occur. Peroxides are prone to prolonged exposure to oxygen (or light) to become ether peroxide (also known as ether hydroperoxide). Peroxide ether is a viscous liquid that hardly evaporates. Antioxidants are often added in storage of ether to avoid the slow oxidation. Diethyl ether will crack in case of being oxidized violently. In the presence of catalysts, it can break down into aldehydes or acids. It reacts with an organic acid anhydride to form an ester in the presence of a catalyst, or reacts with an inorganic acid anhydride to form an ester without any catalyst. It can react with metal halides to produce addition compounds such as cerium chloride adduct 2(C2H5)2O•BeCl2. It can react with halogen to produce monohalogenated ethers and polyhaloethers. Ether can react with sulfuric acid generating an adduct.

Medical uses

It can be used to test the arm-to-lung blood circulation time. After being injected into the upper arm vein, the drug liquid goes from the right atrium, passes right ventricle to reach the lungs, and is then discharged from the respiratory tract. It normally takes 4 to 6 seconds for the patients to smell ether odor from the infusion moment (or 3 to 8 seconds).

【Usage and Dosage】
【Precautions】
【Specifications】 Injection: 3ml.

【Warning】

First-aid

Production

Diethyl ether is produced by dehydrating ethanol at 300 °C in the presence of catalyst.

Chemical Properties

Clear liquid

Definition

ChEBI: An ether in which the oxygen atom is linked to two ethyl groups.

Uses

Solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, gums. Excellent solvent for nitrocellulose when mixed with alcohol. Important reagent in organic syntheses, especially in Grignard and Wurtz type reactions. Easily removable extractant of active principles (hormones, etc.) from plant and animal tissues. In the manufacture of gun powder. As primer for gasoline engines.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with an anesthetic odor. Flash point -49°F. Less dense than water and slightly soluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Oxidizes readily in air to form unstable peroxides that may explode spontaneously [Bretherick, 1979 p.151-154, 164]. A mixture of liquid air and Diethyl ether exploded spontaneously, [MCA Case History 616(1960)].

Reactivity Profile

Occasional explosions have occurred when aluminum hydride was stored in ether. The explosions have been blamed on the presence of carbon dioxide impurity in the ether, [J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 70:877(1948)]. Diethyl ether and chromium trioxide react violently at room temperature. Solid acetyl peroxide in contact with ether or any volatile solvent may explode violently. A 5-gram portion in ether detonated while being carried, [Chem. Eng. News 27:175(1949)]. Nitrosyl perchlorate ignites and explodes with Diethyl ether. A mixture of ether and ozone forms aldehyde and acetic acid and a heavy liquid, ethyl peroxide, an explosive, [Mellor 1:911(1946-1947)].

Health Hazard

Vapor inhalation may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, and loss of consciousness. Contact with eyes will be irritating. Skin contact from clothing wet with the chemical may cause burns.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Decomposes violently when heated.

Diethyl ether Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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