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Sodium

CAS No. 7440-23-5
Chemical Name: Sodium
Synonyms: sodio;Sodium;NA 1421;Nametal;Natrium;sodium-23;COCKTAIL NA;SODIUM LUMP;sodium atom;Na 1000μg/mL
CBNumber: CB4854184
Molecular Formula: Na
Formula Weight: 22.99
MOL File: 7440-23-5.mol
Sodium Property
Melting point : 97.8 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 883 °C(lit.)
density : 1.04 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor pressure : 1 mm Hg ( 440 °C)
Fp : 128 °F
storage temp. : water-free area
solubility : H2O: soluble
form : pieces (large)
color : White to off-white
Water Solubility : REACTS
Sensitive : Air & Moisture Sensitive
Merck : 14,8570
Stability:: Reacts violently with water, liberating and possibly igniting hydrogen. Flammable solid. Incompatible with water, strong oxidizing agents. Do not store near oxidants. Store under oil, or dry inert gas. Air sensitive.
CAS DataBase Reference: 7440-23-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Sodium(7440-23-5)
EPA Substance Registry System: Sodium(7440-23-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes : C,F,T
Risk Statements : 34-14/15-45-65
Safety Statements : 26-8-6A-45-43D-43-36/37/39-22-7/8-62-5
RIDADR : UN 3264 8/PG 3
WGK Germany : 1
RTECS : VY0686000
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 4.3
PackingGroup : I
Hazardous Substances Data: 7440-23-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously Substances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water,Emit Flammable Gases Category 1 Danger P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P231+P232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture.
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P422 Store contents under …

Sodium Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties
light, soft silver metal, readily tarnishing in air.
General Description
A silvery soft metal that becomes grayish white upon exposure to air. Shipped as a solid or molten liquid. Burns violently with explosions that may spatter the material. Used for making gasoline additives, electric power cable, Sodium lamps, other chemicals.
Air & Water Reactions
May ignite spontaneously in air. Reacts violently with water to give Sodium hydroxide and hydrogen, which ignites spontaneously [Merck, 11th ed. 1989)]. The ignition temperature of Sodium in air depends on the area of surface exposed: vapor ignites at room temperature; droplets at about 250°F; an agitated pool at 400°F. In the absence of moisture and hydrogen, the reaction is insignificant [Mellor 2 Supp. 2:440 1961].
Reactivity Profile
Sodium is a powerful reducing agent. Reacts with incandescence with boron trifluoride [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Reacts explosively with maleic anhydride [Chem Safety Data Sheet SD-88 1962; Chem. Haz. Info. Series C-71 1960]. Explodes on contact with bromoazide. Mixtures with any of the following produce a strong explosion on impact: aluminum bromide, aluminum chloride, aluminum fluoride, ammonium chloride, antimony(III) bromide, antimony(III) chloride, antimony(III) iodide, arsenic(III) chloride, arsenic(III) iodide, bismuth(III) bromide, bismuth(III) chloride, bismuth(III) iodide, boron tribromide, carbon tetrachloride, chromium(IV) chloride, cobalt(II) bromide, cobalt(II) chloride, copper(II) chloride, iron(II) chloride, iron(III) bromide, iron(II) iodide, iodine bromide, manganese(II) chloride, mercury(II) bromide, mercury(II) chloride, mercury(II) fluoride, mercury(II) iodide, mercury(I) chloride, silicon tetrachloride, silver fluoride, tin(IV) chloride, tin(IV) iodide (with sulfur), tin(II) chloride, sulfur dibromide, sulfur dichloride, thallium(I) bromide, vanadium pentachloride, phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus tribromide, and zinc bromide [Mellor 2 Supp. 2:497 1961]. Reacts with ammonium nitrate to form a yellow explosive substance, thought to be diSodium nitrite [Mellor 8: Supp. 1 546 1964]. Reduces heated bismuth(III) oxide to the metal; the reaction is accompanied by incandescence [Mellor 9:649 1946-47]. Reacts, if finely divided, with bromine with luminescence. Burns spontaneously in moist chlorine. Reacts at room temperature with iodine [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:848 1956]. Reacts explosively with Dry Ice if the two are brought together by impact [Mellor 2 Supp. 2:468 1961]. Forms explosive mixtures with chlorinated hydrocarbons [Chem. Eng. News 26:2604 1948]. Explodes on contact with hydrochloric acid [Mellor 2:469 1946-47]. Explodes with aqueous hydrofluoric acid [Mellor 2:469 1946-47]. Ignites spontaneously in contact with dilute nitric acid [Mellor 2:470 1946-47]. Reacts with dilute sulfuric acid with explosive violence [Mellor 2:470 1946-47]. Sodium ignites on contact with hydroxylamine. (Mellor, 1940, Vol. 8, 292.)
Health Hazard
Severe burns caused by burning metal or by caustic soda formed by reaction with moisture on skin.
Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Fumes of burning Na are highly irritating to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.
Sodium Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Sodium chloride Strontium chloride Barium chloride
Preparation Products
SODIUM PHENOLATE TRIHYDRATE Ethyl alpha-Formyl Benzeneacetic Acid Ester 10-(METHYLSULFONYL)CAPRAMIDE 3,3-Diphenylpropanol ETHYL PICOLINOYLACETATE 6-AMINO-2-METHYLTHIO-3-METHYLURACIL 2-Amino-4-methoxypyridine 4-Methylbenzene-1-carboximidamide hydrochloride 2,4-DIMETHYLQUINOLINE 2-Heptanol 2-METHOXYFURAN 4-AMINO-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE-5-CARBONITRILE 4-AMINO-2-MERCAPTOPYRIMIDINE-5-CARBONITRILE 2-Amino-6-hydroxypyrimidin-4(3H)-one ,97% Tiotropium bromide ETHYL 3-AMINOTHIOPHENE-2-CARBOXYLATE 4-METHOXY-BENZAMIDINE 2-AMINO-4-METHOXYPYRIMIDINE BENZOYL-1,1,1-TRIFLUOROACETONE 4-AMINO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID 4,6-DIAMINO-2-MERCAPTOPYRIMIDINE 4-AMINO-2-METHYL-PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID bis(2-ethylhexyl) phenyl phosphite Chlorotriphenyltin 5-BROMO-2-CHLORO-4-METHOXYPYRIMIDINE 2-amino-6-chloropyrimidin-4(3H)-one GLYCIDYL ISOPROPYL ETHER 4-Chlorobenzene-1-carboximidamide hydrochloride 4-METHYL-BENZAMIDINE 4-CHLOROBENZAMIDINE HYDROIODIDE Sodium peroxide 4-AMINOPYRIMIDINE-5-CARBONITRILE 6-AMINO-1-METHYL-5-NITROSOURACIL 3-OCTANOL 2,2'-DIPYRIDYLAMINE 4-METHOXYBENZAMIDINE, HYDROCHLORIDE 2,4-DIOXO-4-THIOPHEN-2-YL-BUTYRIC ACID METHYL ESTER 2-ETHOXYPYRIMIDIN-4-YLAMINE 4-Methyl-2-thiophenecarboxylic acid 2-Methyl-1-butanethiol
Sodium Suppliers      Global( 151)Suppliers     
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Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
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J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
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Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
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