Denatonium benzoate

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Denatonium benzoate Basic information
The most bitter compound in the world Chemical structure Uses
Product Name:Denatonium benzoate
Synonyms:N,N-DIETHYL-N-[(2,6-DIMETHYLPHENYLCAR-BAMOYL)METHYL]BENZYLAMMONIUM BENZOATE;N-[2-[(2,6-Dimethylphenyl)amino]-2-oxoethyl]-N,N-diethyl-benzenemethanaminium benzoate;REJEXIT (R);,benzoate;Benzenemethanaminium,N-[2-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl)amino]-2-oxoethyl]-N,N-diethyl-,benzoate;benzyldiethyl((2,6-xylylcarbamoyl)methyl)-ammoniubenzoate;denatonium;denatoniumbenzoate,anhydrous
CAS:3734-33-6
MF:C28H34N2O3
MW:446.58
EINECS:223-095-2
Product Categories:Miscellaneous Biochemicals;Ammonium Polyhalides, etc. (Quaternary);Quaternary Ammonium Compounds;DIMETANE
Mol File:3734-33-6.mol
Denatonium benzoate Structure
Denatonium benzoate Chemical Properties
mp 164-168 °C(lit.)
solubility methanol: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless
Merck 2891
Stability:Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference3734-33-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry SystemBenzenemethanaminium, N-[2-[(2,6-dimethylphenyl) amino]-2-oxoethyl]-N,N-diethyl-, benzoate(3734-33-6)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xn,Xi
Risk Statements 22-36/37/38-20/21/22
Safety Statements 26-36-37/39
WGK Germany 2
RTECS BO6650000
HS Code 29242995
MSDS Information
Denatonium benzoate Usage And Synthesis
The most bitter compound in the worldDenatonium benzoate is now known as the world's most bitter compound. If we set the bitter degree of quinine as datum 1, the degree of bitterness of the product would be 1000. A concentration of 10ppm solution is already too bitter to bear for most people. The vast majority of its applications are related to its bitter flavor. It is an inexpensive and efficient alternative to its counterparts such as strychnine, bitter lignin, quinine, wood song glycosides, saponins grapefruit.
Denatonium benzoate is commonly used as aversive agent to prevent people from eating other toxic but tasteless substance. For example, it has been added into industrial alcohol, ethylene glycol or methanol which has similar taste as ordinary wine, antifreeze, paint, toilet cleaners, animals disperse, liquid soaps and shampoos. Moreover, it has been also added into special nail polish agents, to avoid child’s bad habit of biting fingers, as well as being the repellent for expulsing large beasts. However, the effect of Long-term exposure to this substance on human health is still unclear.
Chemical structureDenatonium benzoate is a kind of quaternary ammonium salt formed by the combination of the quaternary ammonium cation and inert anion such as benzoic acid or saccharin anion. The structure of its cation form is similar to that of a local anesthetic lidocaine with the only difference being an additional benzyl functional group located on the nitrogen atom of the amino.
UsesFlavoring agent.
Chemical Propertieswhite crystals
UsageH1 antihistamine
Denatonium benzoate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Tag:Denatonium benzoate(3734-33-6) Related Product Information
Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride Benzyltriethylammonium chloride Ammonium chloride Ammonium benzoate Ammonium sulfate 4-Aminobenzoic acid Glycyrrhizic acid ammonium salt Cisatracurium besylate Diethyl malonate ALTRENOGEST Phenylacetone Diethyl ether Benzyl bromide Benzyldodecyldimethylammonium bromide Anthranilic acid Benzyl benzoate Benzoic acid AMMONIUM