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1405-10-3

1405-10-3 Structure

1405-10-3 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Neomycin sulfate
[CAS]

1405-10-3
[Synonyms]

FRADIOMYCIN SULFATE
NEOMYCIN SULFATE
NEOMYCIN SULFATE, GAMMA-IRRADIATED
NEOMYCIN SULFATE SALT
NEOMYCIN SULPHATE
biosolveterinary
bykomycin
lidamycincreme
mycaifradinsulfate
mycifradin-n
mycigient
neobiotic
neofracin
neo-mantlecreme
neomix
neomycinesulfate
newfrancef
otobiotic
quintess-n
usafcb-19
[EINECS(EC#)]

215-773-1
[Molecular Formula]

C23H48N6O17S
[MDL Number]

MFCD00037007
[Molecular Weight]

712.72
[MOL File]

1405-10-3.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

White powder
[Melting point ]

>187°C (dec.)
[alpha ]

D20 +54° (c = 2 in H2O)
[refractive index ]

56 ° (C=10, H2O)
[Fp ]

56℃
[storage temp. ]

2-8°C
[solubility ]

H2O: 50 mg/mL As a stock solution. Stock solutions should be filter sterilized and stored at 2-8°C. Stable at 37°C for 5 days.
[form ]

powder
[color ]

white to slightly yellow
[Stability:]

Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
[PH]

5.0-7.5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
[Water Solubility ]

Soluble in water
[Merck ]

6454
[Contact allergens]

Neomycin is an antibiotic complex of the aminoglycosides group, extracted from Streptomyces fradiae. It is composed of neomycin A (neamin) and an isomer neobiosamin, either neomycin B (framycetin or Soframycin®) or neomycin C. Its use has been progressively forbidden in cosmetics and as an additive for animal feed. Occupational contact dermatitis occurs in workers at animal feed mills, in veterinaries, or in health workers. Nonoccupational dermatitis mainly concerns patients with chronic dermatitis, leg ulcers, or chronic otitis. Cross-sensitivity is usual with other aminoglycosides (amikacin, arbekacin, butirosin, dibekacin, gentamicin, isepamicin, kanamycin, paromomycin, ribostamycin, sisomycin, tobramycin), is rare with netilmicin and streptomycin, but nonexistent with spectinomycin.
[InChIKey]

OIXVKQDWLFHVGR-VTSVPHRWSA-N
[CAS DataBase Reference]

1405-10-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

1405-10-3(EPA Substance)
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[Chemical Properties]

White powder
[Uses]

Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic found in many topical medications. Neomycin has been used as a preventive measure for hepatic encephalopathy and hypercholesterolemia.
[Uses]

.
[Uses]

antibacterial
[Uses]

Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by S. fradiae that inhibits protein translation by binding to the small subunit of prokaryotic ribosomes. It blocks voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and is a potent inhibitor of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release. Neomycin has been shown to inhibit inositol phospholipid turnover, phospholipase C, and phosphatidylcholine-phospholipase D activity (IC50 = 65 μM). It is highly effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and is commonly used for the prevention of bacterial contamination of cell cultures.
[Indications]

This drug is obtained from species of the actinomycete Streptomyces and is an aminoglycoside antibiotic (as are streptomycin, gentamicin, and kanamycin) effective against most aerobic gram-negative organisms. Group A streptococci are relatively resistant. Neomycin acts to inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by irreversibly binding to the 30S subunit. It is responsible for a greater incidence of allergic contact sensitivity than any other topical antibiotic. This diagnosis often remains hidden, because morphologically the eruption is of a mild eczematous nature. Rarely, anaphylaxis may occur.
[Brand name]

Mycifradin (Pharmacia & Upjohn); Neo-Fradin (X Gen); Neobiotic (Pfizer);Abilene;Akentect;Amcort;Amphocort;Antibitulle;Apokalin;Aurex;Auriod;Baneopol;Barriere-mycin;Bastu-angin;Bedermin 100;Bio hubber;Biodry;Biofradin;Biofur;Biosol-m;Bio-vitastrept;Bivacyn;Bykanula;Canaural;Canoral;Cebemyxine;Cefrocyn;Cg 3224;Cicatrex;Cleniderm;Conderm;Conjuctilone;Cornemin;Cortinen;Damapo;Davimycin;Degramycin;Derbitan antibiotico;Dermicema;Dermo sonerge;Dermoface;Dermosan;Dermovate-nn;Derobion;Dexaamisolone-n;Dexabiotan;Dexacidin;Dexamist;Dexavetaderm;Dia-ject;Diarest;Dienterol;Dimicina;Doreplaston/doser/f;Dorithicin;Dulcicortine;Duphacerate;Dv 201;Emcortina;Emorex k berna;Enbacin;Enteromac;Enteropast;Enterosintex;Eustoporin;Febrizene;Fissan;Fl 6321 n;Flogocid;Fml-neo-liquifilm;Foille;Forbesotic;Formula 888;Forticillin;Fradyl;Frakidex;Frakitacine;Gastromycin;Gregoderm;Gustibon;H plus n;Hagrosept;Halicomb;Heliomycort;Hydrocortiderm;Hydro-neo oculos;I-caps;Idepa;Ido-op;Intradermo caf;Iodentero0neomicina;Itro;Jenomycin;Kaomycin;Kaopectate n;Kortikiod mepha;Lanbiotic;Larmicin;Latodurin;Linitut;Mammanopen;Mastrinal;Medisec neo;Medisec-cloxa;Medri-biotic;Meimyd;Menaderm antiacne;Mycerin;Mycidex;Mycimist;Mycipo;Mytrex;Nasomixin;Naso-neomicin;Nasydrin;Nefluan;Neimicina roger;Neo decaderm;Neo-analsona;Neoaristovet;Neobacimyx-h;Neobicin;Neobristan;Neo-cantil;Neocidin;Neocillin;Neoclox;Neocones;Neodecasone;Neo-delta-cortef;Neofluid;Neo-hydro;Neointestin;Neomac;Neo-mantle;Neo-mastitar;Neomycane;Neo-myx;Neo-otosol-hc;Neopec;Neopenol;Neopt;Neo-remusin;Neostrep;Neosule;Nifuramicin;Nisocla;Nisoclyn;Nisodyn;Nodryl;Nokamycin;Noperil;Ophthlmycin;Optiprime opthcoat;Optisone;Oribiotic;Oterna;Oticair;Oto vitna;Otocortison;Oto-flunal;Otomycin;Oto-sinerbe;Panotile;Parkeole;Parkesteron;Pentalmicina;Pervet;Phytacorcin;Polemycin;Polybactrin-g;Polygynax;Poly-pred;Polyspecrin;Porcijec;Prednicidin;Prevotec;Propaderm-n;Pulveodil;Pyocidin hc;Renokab;Rino vitna;Rinofilax;Rinojet;Rovicine;Saleton;Salvacolina nn;Sanibiovit;Sanimix;Sanistress;Secantol;Septomixine forte;Silderm;Siquent neomycin;Sofan;Sorbitoxin;Spersapolymyxin dispersa;Steros-anal;S-thalmic;Stiedex;Sulfix-6;Super masticort;Super mastitare;Synalar polyvalent;Syralbina;Tampovagan;Tariston;Telestyl;Tiframild;Tobispray;Topitasico;Tresaderm;Tribiotic;Tri-bow;Tricilone;Tri-optics;Troc;Tweenal;Ubrocelan;Uniriod;Uro-beniktol;Uro-nebctin;Varicella-rit;V-cortanmycetine;Vetroyl;Vetsovate;Vista-methasone n;V-softa.
[World Health Organization (WHO)]

Neomycin sulfate, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, was first isolated in 1949 and has subsequently been included in topical, oral and parenteral preparations. Its value in the treatment of diarrhoea is widely questioned although it is still contained in a number of widely available antidiarrhoeal preparations. In some countries the officially approved indications for oral preparations are restricted to the preparation of the bowel prior to surgery and the management of hepatic coma.
[Clinical Use]

In a search for antibiotics less toxic than streptomycin,Waksman and Lechevalier isolated neomycin (Mycifradin,Neobiotic) in 1949 from Streptomyces fradiae. Since then, theimportance of neomycin has increased steadily, and today, itis considered one of the most useful antibiotics for the treatmentof GI infections, dermatological infections, and acutebacterial peritonitis. Also, it is used in abdominal surgery toreduce or avoid complications caused by infections from bacterialflora of the bowel. It has broad-spectrum activityagainst various organisms and shows a low incidence of toxicand hypersensitivity reactions. It is absorbed very slightlyfrom the digestive tract, so its oral use ordinarily does not produce any systemic effect. The development of neomycinresistantstrains of pathogens is rarely reported in those organismsagainst which neomycin is effective.
Neomycin as the sulfate salt is a white to slightly yellow,crystalline powder that is very soluble in water. It is hygroscopicand photosensitive (but stable over a wide pH rangeand to autoclaving). Neomycin sulfate contains the equivalentof 60% of the free base.
Neomycin, as produced by S. fradiae, is a mixture ofclosely related substances. Included in the “neomycin complex”is neamine (originally designated neomycin A) andneomycins B and C. S. fradiae also elaborates another antibiotic,the fradicin, which has some antifungal propertiesbut no antibacterial activity. This substance is not present in“pure” neomycin.
[Veterinary Drugs and Treatments]

Because neomycin is more nephrotoxic and less effective against several bacterial species than either gentamicin or amikacin, its use is generally limited to topical formulations for skin, eyes, and ears, oral treatment of enteric infections, to reduce microbe numbers in the colon prior to colon surgery, and oral or enema administration to reduce ammonia-producing bacteria in the treatment of hepatic encephalopathy. Doses for parenteral administration are listed below, but should be used only with extreme caution due to the drug’s toxic potential.
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

Xn
[Risk Statements ]

R42/43:May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact .
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
[Safety Statements ]

S23:Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer) .
S36/37:Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S22:Do not breathe dust .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
S24/25:Avoid contact with skin and eyes .
[WGK Germany ]

3
[RTECS ]

QP4375000
[F ]

8
[TSCA ]

Yes
[HS Code ]

29419000
[Safety Profile]

Poison by intramuscular, intravenous, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: somnolence, hallucinations and distorted perceptions, and anorexia. A human skin irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of SOx.
[Toxicity]

LD50 oral in mouse: > 8gm
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
【Raw materials】

Ammonium hydroxide-->Ammonium sulfate-->Sodium bisulfate monohydrate
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

O-2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxy-.beta.-L-idopyranosyl-(1.->3)-O-.beta.-D-ribofuranosyl-(1->5)]-O-[2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxy-.alpha.-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->4)]-2-deoxy sulfate(1405-10-3).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Neomycin sulfate(1405-10-3) IR1
Neomycin sulfate(1405-10-3) IR2
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