Back to ChemicalBook Home--->CAS DataBase List--->7789-75-5

7789-75-5

7789-75-5 Structure

7789-75-5 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Calcium fluoride
[CAS]

7789-75-5
[Synonyms]

Calcium difluoride
CALCIUM FLUORIDE
CALCIUM (II) FLUORIDE
FLUORITE
FLUORSPAR
FLUORSPARMEAL
NATURAL FLUOROSPAR
Acid-spar
CaF2
Calcium fluoride (CaF2)
calciumfluoride(caf2)
calciumfluoride[caf2]
Fluorite, fluorspar
Irtran 3
irtran3
Liparite
Met-spar
naturalfluorite
calcium fluoride anhydrous
Calcium fluoride 98%
[EINECS(EC#)]

232-188-7
[Molecular Formula]

CaF2
[MDL Number]

MFCD00010907
[Molecular Weight]

78.07
[MOL File]

7789-75-5.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

White Powder
[mp ]

1402 °C
[bp ]

2500 °C(lit.)
[density ]

3.18 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[refractive index ]

1.434
[Fp ]

2500°C
[form ]

rod
[color ]

white
[Stability:]

Stable. Incompatible with acids.
[Water Solubility ]

INSOLUBLE
[Sensitive ]

Hygroscopic
[Merck ]

14,1667
[CAS DataBase Reference]

7789-75-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Calcium fluoride(7789-75-5)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

7789-75-5(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

Xi,Xn
[Risk Statements ]

R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
[Safety Statements ]

S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S37/39:Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection .
S36:Wear suitable protective clothing .
[RIDADR ]

3288
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

EW1760000
[Hazard Note ]

Irritant
[HS Code ]

28261900
[Hazardous Substances Data]

7789-75-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Hydrofluoric acid-->Calcium hydroxide -->CARBON MONOXIDE-->Silicon dioxide-->Acetic acid calcium salt-->calcium magnesium phosphate(CMP)
[Preparation Products]

Hydrofluoric acid-->Boron trifluoride etherate-->Potassium dihydrogen phosphate-->Hexafluorosilicic acid-->Calcium cyanamide-->Sodium fluoride-->Trisodium hexafluoroaluminate-->Aluminum fluoride-->bastnasite-->Carbon tetrafluoride -->Sodium fluoroaluminate-->ZINC SILICOFLUORIDE-->MAGNESIUM HEXAFLUOROACETYLACETONATE DIHYDRATE
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

Odorless gray powder or granules. Sinks in water.
[Reactivity Profile]

CALCIUM FLUORIDE has weak oxidizing or reducing powers. Redox reactions can however still occur. The majority of compounds in this class are slightly soluble or insoluble in water. If soluble in water, then the solutions are usually neither strongly acidic nor strongly basic. These compounds are not water-reactive.
[Health Hazard]

Little acute toxicity
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

Calcium fluoride(7789-75-5).msds
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Chemical Properties]

Calcium fluoride is the main ingredient of fluorspar or fluorite, the chemical formula is CaF2, it is colorless cubic crystal or white powder. The relative density is 3.18, the melting point is 1423℃, boiling point is about 2500 ℃. The solubility in water is minimal , 100g water can dissolve only 0.0016g at 18 ℃, it is insoluble in acetone, but soluble in hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid and ammonium salt solution, and it can not react with dilute acid, but can react with hot concentrated sulfuric acid and generate hydrofluoric acid, it can form a complex when dissolves in aluminum and iron salts (Fe3 +) solution. Natural calcium fluoride is mineral fluorite or fluorspar, often shows gray, yellow, green, purple and other colors, sometimes it is colorless, transparent, shiny glass, brittle, and the relative density is 3.01~3.25, it has significant phenomenon of fluorescence. It can be used as the source of fluorine and the material to make hydrofluoric acid system, fluoride; and it can also be used in terms of the manufacture of glass, enamel, glaze. Fluorite is mainly used as a flux in metallurgy, the very pure fluorspar can be used to make specialty lenses. Water when contains (1~1.5) × 10-6 calcium fluoride can prevent dental problems. In addition, it can be used in smelting iron and steel, chemicals, glass, ceramics manufacturing. Pure product can be used for catalyst of dehydration, dehydrogenation. By the effect of soluble calcium salts (calcium carbonate or calcium hydroxide) and sodium fluoride or hydrofluoric acid, ammonium fluoride, calcium fluoride can be obtained.
[Uses]

Industry Application Role/benefit
Chemical manufacture Production of hydrofluoric acid and fluoride Raw material/source of fluoride
Production of fluorine fine chemicals and synthetic cryolite Raw material/source of fluoride
Architectural material Production of glass Fluxing agent/promote the melting of raw materials
Production of cement Mineralization agent
Production of ceramic glaze Fluxes and coloring aids
Metallurgy Iron and steel smelting, ferroalloy production,etc. Fluxing agent/reduce the melting point of refractory substances
Medicine Treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of allergic reactions Promoting new bone formation
Thermal imaging systems, spectroscopy, telescopes and excimer lasers Manufacture of optical components, such as windows and lenses Raw material/broad range of transmission light frequencies; low refractive index; high thermo stability
Others Production of welding agents Important components in coatings of welding rods and welding powders
Dehydration and dehydrogenation reaction Catalyst/accelerate the process of reaction
Manufacture of brake lining Additive/helps reduce abrasion caused by high heat and friction
 
[Production method]

The fluorite deposits which have been found in china, are main used the mine using underground mining method, or shallow open-pit mining, and underground deep mining, for ore body most tilt vein, the extending is also large. Mining method is based in shallow hole Shrinkage Method based. Mining process sees "phosphate rock." Beneficiation methods have two types generally, the one is raw ore can become qualified ore concentrate by handling select, the second is hand-selected lean ore and tailings.
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Calcium fluoride(7789-75-5)IR1
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Calcium fluoride, anhydrous, pure, 99%(7789-75-5)
[Alfa Aesar]

Fluorite, naturally occuring mineral, approximately 0.06-0.19in(7789-75-5)
[Sigma Aldrich]

7789-75-5(sigmaaldrich)
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