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Iridium Produkt Beschreibung

Iridium Struktur
7439-88-5
CAS-Nr.
7439-88-5
Bezeichnung:
Iridium
Englisch Name:
Iridium
Synonyma:
IRIDIUM;IR000210;IR005140;IR005102;IR005118;IR005131;IR007930;IR007920;IR005136;IR005110
CBNumber:
CB8780841
Summenformel:
Ir
Molgewicht:
192.22
MOL-Datei:
7439-88-5.mol

Iridium Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
2450 °C (lit.)
Siedepunkt:
4130 °C (lit.)
Dichte
22.65 g/cm3 (lit.)
storage temp. 
Flammables area
Löslichkeit
Soluble in aqua regia.
Aggregatzustand
wire
Farbe
White to pale yellow
Wichte
22.421
Widerstand (resistivity)
4.71 μΩ-cm
Wasserlöslichkeit
INSOLUBLE
Merck 
13,5102
CAS Datenbank
7439-88-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Iridium(7439-88-5)
EPA chemische Informationen
Iridium (7439-88-5)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher F,Xi
R-Sätze: 36-36/37/38-11
S-Sätze: 16-26-36/37/39
RIDADR  UN 3089 4.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  4.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  28439000
Giftige Stoffe Daten 7439-88-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H228 Entzündbarer Feststoff. Entzündbare Feststoffe Kategorie 1 Achtung
Warnung
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H319 Verursacht schwere Augenreizung. Schwere Augenreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
Sicherheit
P210 Von Hitze, heißen Oberflächen, Funken, offenen Flammen und anderen Zündquellenarten fernhalten. Nicht rauchen.
P240 Behälter und zu befüllende Anlage erden.
P241 Explosionsgeschützte [elektrische/Lüftungs-/ Beleuchtungs-/...] Geräte verwenden.
P280 Schutzhandschuhe/Schutzkleidung/Augenschutz tragen.
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.

Iridium Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R36:Reizt die Augen.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.
R11:Leichtentzündlich.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S16:Von Zündquellen fernhalten - Nicht rauchen.
S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
S36/37/39:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung,Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzbrille/Gesichtsschutz tragen.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Black Powder

Physikalische Eigenschaften

Iridium is a hard, brittle, white, metallic substance that is almost impossible to machine.It is neither ductile nor malleable. Iridium will only oxidize at high temperatures and is themost corrosive-resistant metal known. This is why it was used to make the standard meter barthat is an alloy of 90% platinum and 10% iridium.
At about the time of the French Revolution, it was decided to determine the length ofthe meter bar by first calculating the distance from the North Pole to the equator runningthrough Paris. This distance was then divided into equal lengths of 1/10,000,000. A singleunit of this distance was then called a “meter” (“measure” in Greek). This platinum-iridiummeter bar, currently preserved in France, was for many years the standard unit of lengthin the metric system that is based on the decimal system. However, this metal bar is nolonger used as the standard meter. Instead, the meter is now defined by scientists in termsof the length of the path traveled by light in a vacuum at the time of 1/299,792,458 of asecond.
Iridium is highly resistant to attack by other chemicals and is one of the most dense elementsfound on Earth. Its melting point is 2,410°C, its boiling point is 4,130°C, and itsdensity is 22.560 g/cm3.

Isotopes

There are 55 isotopes of iridium, two of which are stable and account for theelement’s total existence on Earth. Those two are Ir-191, which makes up 37.3% of theamount in the Earth’s crust, and Ir-193, which constitutes 62.7% of iridium’s existenceon Earth. All the other 53 isotopes of iridium are radioactive with half-lives ranging froma few microseconds to a few hours or days and up to a few hundred years. Theseunstable isotopes are all artificially produced.

Origin of Name

The name iridium comes from the Latin word iris, meaning “rainbow,” because of the element’s highly colored salts.

Occurrence

Iridium is the 83rd most abundant element and is found mixed with platinum, osmium,and nickel ores. The minerals containing iridium are found in Russia, South Africa, Canada,and Alaska.
Iridium metal is separated from its other metal ores when the combined minerals aredissolved with a strong acid know as aqua regia, which is a mixture of 25% nitric acid and75% hydrochloric acid. Aqua regia is the only acid that will dissolve platinum and gold.Once the platinum and other metals are dissolved, the iridium, which is insoluble in thisstrong acid, becomes the residue. The refined iridium ends up in the form of either powderor crystals.
An interesting story as to how most of the iridium appeared on Earth was explainedrecently by scientists who discovered a thin layer of iridium in the sediments that were laiddown in the Earth’s crust at the end of the Cretaceous period. This was a period about 65 millionyears ago when meteors and asteroids crashed into the Earth. These extraterrestrial bodiescontained a high percentage of iridium. Dust from the impact spread around the Earth andblocked the sun for months, resulting in the extinction of many plants and animals, includingthe dinosaurs. This extensive dust cloud also deposited a thin coat of the element iridium thatwas contained in the fiery bolides.

Charakteristisch

Iridium is one of the so-called platinum group of 6 transition elements (Ru, Rh, and Pd ofperiod 5 and Os, Ir, and Pt of period 6). It is resistant to strong acids, including aqua regia.It is the only metal that can be used in equipment that must withstand temperatures up to2,300°C or 4,170°F. Iridium can be poured into casts after it becomes molten. As it cools, itbecomes crystalline and, while in this state, can be pulled into wires and formed into sheets.Unlike steel, which becomes more malleable (less brittle) after annealing (a process of heatingfollowed by slowly cooling), iridium is just the opposite—it becomes more brittle and impossibleto work into shapes after cooling.

History

Discovered in 1803 by Tennant in the residue left when crude platinum is dissolved by aqua regia. The name iridium is appropriate, for its salts are highly colored. Iridium, a metal of the platinum family, is white, similar to platinum, but with a slight yellowish cast. It is very hard and brittle, making it very hard to machine, form, or work. It is the most corrosion-resistant metal known, and was used in making the standard meterbar of Paris, which is a 90% platinum–10% iridium alloy. This meter bar was replaced in 1960 as a fundamental unit of length (see under Krypton). Iridium is not attacked by any of the acids nor by aqua regia, but is attacked by molten salts, such as NaCl and NaCN. Iridium occurs uncombined in nature with platinum and other metals of this family in alluvial deposits. It is recovered as a by-product from the nickel mining industry. The largest reserves and production of the platinum group of metals, which includes iridium, is in South Africa, followed by Russia and Canada. The U.S. has only one active mine, located at Nye, MT. The presence of iridium has recently been used in examining the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary. Meteorites contain small amounts of iridium. Because iridium is found widely distributed at the K-T boundary, it has been suggested that a large meteorite or asteroid collided with the Earth, killing the dinosaurs, and creating a large dust cloud and crater. Searches for such a crater point to one in the Yucatan, known as Chicxulub. Iridium has found use in making crucibles and apparatus for use at high temperatures. It is also used for electrical contacts. Its principal use is as a hardening agent for platinum. With osmium, it forms an alloy that is used for tipping pens and compass bearings. The specific gravity of iridium is only very slightly lower than that of osmium, which has been generally credited as being the heaviest known element. Calculations of the densities of iridium and osmium from the space lattices give values of 22.65 and 22.61 g/cm3, respectively. These values may be more reliable than actual physical measurements. At present, therefore, we know that either iridium or osmium is the densest known element, but the data do not yet allow selection between the two. Natural iridium contains two stable isotopes. Forty-five other isotopes, all radioactive, are now recognized. Iridium (99.9%) costs about $100/g.

Verwenden

In manufacturing crucibles; in hardening platinum; in making nibs for fountain-pen points.

Verwenden

Iridium’s most common use is as an alloy metal that, when added to platinum, makes itharder and more durable. It is also mixed with other metals to make electrical contacts, thermocouples(two dissimilar metals joined to form a special type of thermometer), and instrumentsthat will withstand high temperatures without breaking down. It is also used to makespecial laboratory vessels because iridium will not react with most chemical substances. Analloy of iridium and platinum is used as the standard kilogram weight because it is noncorrosiveand will not oxidize and, thus, change its weight over long periods of time.
The radioisotope, iridium-192, is used to treat cancer and to take X-ray pictures of metalcastings to detect flaws. Iridium is also used as a catalyst for several chemical reactions.

Definition

Metallic element of atomic number 77, one of the platinum metals, group VIII of the periodic table, aw 192.22, valences = 1,2,3,4,6, two stable isotopes.

Definition

A white transition metal that is highly resistant to corrosion. It is used in electrical contacts, in spark plugs, and in jewelry. Symbol: Ir; m.p. 2410°C; b.p. 4130°C; r.d. 22.56 (17°C); p.n. 77; r.a.m. 192.217.

Definition

iridium: Symbol Ir. A silvery metallictransition element; a.n. 77; r.a.m. 192.20;r.d. 22.42; m.p. 2410°C; b.p. 4130°C.It occurs with platinum and ismainly used in alloys with platinumand osmium. The element forms arange of iridium(III) and iridium(IV)complexes. It was discovered in 1804by Smithson Tennant (1761–1815).

Hazard

The elemental metal form of iridium is almost completely inert and does not oxidizeat room temperatures. But, as with several of the other metals in the platinum group,several of iridium’s compounds are toxic. The dust and powder should not be inhaled oringested.

Industrielle Verwendung

Iridium (symbol Ir) is a grayish-white metal ofextreme hardness. It is insoluble in all acids andin aqua regia. The melting point is 2447°C, andthe specific gravity is 22.50. It occurs naturallywith the metal osmium as an alloy, known asosmiridium, 30 to 60% osmium, used chieflyfor making fountain-pen points and instrumentpivots.
Iridium is employed as a hardener for platinum,the jewelry alloys usually containing10%. With 35% iridium the tensile strength ofplatinum is increased to 965 MPa. Iridium wireis used in spark plugs because it resists attackof leaded aviation fuels.
Because of its scarcity and high cost, applications of iridium are severely limited. Although iridium metal and many of its complex compounds are good catalysts, no large-scale commercial application for these has been developed. In general, other platinum metals have superior catalytic properties. Platinum-iridium alloys are used for electrodes in spark plugs that are unusually resistant to fouling by antiknock lead additives. Iridium rhodium thermocouples are used for high-temperature applications, where they have unique stability.

läuterung methode

Iridium is a silver white hard solid which oxidises on the surface in air. Scrape the outer tarnished layer until silver clear and store it under paraffin. It is stable to acids but dissolves in aqua regia. [Gilchrist Chem Rev 32 277 1943.]

Iridium Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Iridium Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 127)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon Fax E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
AB PharmaTech,LLC
323-480-4688
323-480-4688 sales01@abpharmatechusa.com United States 989 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282
sales3@crovellbio.com China 5882 58
Shanghai Longyu Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8615821988213
+86 15821988213 info@longyupharma.com China 2471 58
career henan chemical co
13203830695 0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 factory@coreychem.com CHINA 29864 58
Antai Fine Chemical Technology Co.,Limited
18503026267
info@antaichem.com CHINA 9664 58
Wuhan Mulei New Material Technology Co. Ltd
+8619831950597
Telegram/wickr: jane8886 betty@whmulei.com;amy@whmulei.com;jane@whmulei.com China 1001 58
ShenZhen Ipure Biology import and export company co.,ltd
18071025641 18071025641
eric@ipurechemical.com CHINA 11336 58
Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
18192503167 +86-29-89586680
+86-29-88380327 1005@dideu.com CHINA 9938 58

7439-88-5(Iridium)Verwandte Suche:


  • IRIDIUM ON ACTIVATED CARBON
  • IRIDIUM ON ALUMINA
  • Iridium powder, -22 mesh, Premion(R), 99.99% (metals basis)
  • Iridium wire, 0.075mm (0.003in) dia, 99.9% (metals basis)
  • Iridium powder, -325 mesh, 99.9% (metals basis)
  • Iridium, AAS standard solution, Specpure(R), Ir 1000μg/ml
  • Iridium, plasma standard solution, Specpure(R), Ir 1000μg/ml
  • Iridium, plasma standard solution, Specpure(R), Ir 10,000μg/ml
  • IRIDIUM METAL POWDER extrapure
  • IRIDIUM METAL
  • IRIDIUM PLASMA EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY STANDARD
  • IRIDIUM PLASMA EMISSION STANDARD
  • IRIDIUM, PLASMA STANDARD SOLUTION
  • Iridiumslugs(99.99%)
  • Iridiumsponge(99.95%)
  • Iridiumwire(99.7%)
  • Iridiumwire(99.8%)
  • IRIDIUM: 99.9%, WIRE, 0.125MM DIA.
  • IRIDIUM BLACK: 3N (99.9%IR)
  • IRIDIUM: 99.9%, POWDER, -60 MICRON
  • IRIDIUM POWDER: 99.8% 2N8
  • Iridium standard for AAS
  • IRIDIUM, POWDER, 99.90%
  • 0.5MM THICK (~0.22G/5CM)
  • IR000210
  • IR005140
  • IR005102
  • IR005118
  • IR005131
  • IR007930
  • IR007920
  • IR005136
  • IR005110
  • IR005106
  • IR005125
  • IR005133
  • IR000220
  • IR005100
  • IR005132
  • IR005120
  • IR005105
  • Iridium wire, 0.125mm (0.005 in.) dia.
  • Iridium pellet, &ap:1.3cm (0.5 in.) dia.
  • Iridium foil, 0.05mm (0.002 in.) thick
  • Iridium foil
  • Iridium sheet/0.5x10x10mm/99.9%
  • IridiuM, 325 Mesh, Powder
  • IridiuM black, 99% Ir, Product of UMicore
  • IridiuM, 99.9%, (trace Metal basis), powder
  • IRIDIUM ICP STANDARD IRCL3 IN HCL 7% 100
  • Iridium sheet/0.5x15x15mm/99.9%
  • Iridium sheet/0.5x25x25mm/99.9%
  • Iridium sheet/1.0x10x10mm/99.9%
  • Iridium sheet/1.0x15x15mm/99.9%
  • Iridium sheet/1.0x25x25mm/99.9%
  • Iridium Wire/Φ0.15mm/99.9%
  • Iridium Wire/Φ0.1mm/99.9%
  • Iridium Wire/Φ0.25mm/99.9%
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