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Last updated:2023-11-28 16:31:43

Heptaldehyde Properties

Melting point -43 °C (lit.)
Boiling point 153 °C (lit.)
Density 0.817 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor pressure 3 hPa (20 °C)
refractive index n20/D 1.413(lit.)
Flash point 95 °F
storage temp. Flammables area
solubility 1.25g/l insoluble
form Powder, Crystals or Chunks
color White to light yellow-beige
Odor at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fresh aldehydic fatty green herbal wine-lee ozone
Odor Type green
Odor Threshold 0.00018ppm
explosive limit 1.1-5.2%(V)
Water Solubility insoluble
Sensitive Hygroscopic
JECFA Number 95
Merck 14,4658
BRN 1560236
Dielectric constant 9.1(Ambient)
Stability Stable. May be light sensitive. Flammable - readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong reducing agents.
LogP 2.8 at 20℃
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS) HEPTANAL
CAS DataBase Reference 111-71-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores 1
NIST Chemistry Reference Heptanal(111-71-7)
EPA Substance Registry System Heptanal (111-71-7)


Risk and Safety Statements

NFPA 704
2 0

Heptaldehyde price More Price(28)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich H2120 Heptaldehyde 95% 111-71-7 1l $132 2024-03-01 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 61696 Heptaldehyde analytical standard 111-71-7 1ml $83.6 2024-03-01 Buy
TCI Chemical H0025 Heptanal >95.0%(GC) 111-71-7 25mL $18 2024-03-01 Buy
TCI Chemical H0025 Heptanal >95.0%(GC) 111-71-7 500mL $135 2024-03-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar B23830 Heptanal, 97% 111-71-7 250ml $34.65 2024-03-01 Buy
Product number Packaging Price Buy
H2120 1l $132 Buy
61696 1ml $83.6 Buy
H0025 25mL $18 Buy
H0025 500mL $135 Buy
B23830 250ml $34.65 Buy

Heptaldehyde Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Heptanal or heptanaldehyde is an alkyl aldehyde. It is a colourless liquid with a strong fruity odor, which is used as precursor to components in perfumes and lubricants.


Heptanal has a very strong, fatty, harsh, pungent odor and an unpleasant, fatty taste. Heptanal is obtained by distilling castor oil, preferably under reduced pressure.

Chemical Properties

Heptanal has a very strong, fatty, harsh, pungent odor and an unpleasant, fatty taste.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid


Heptanal is a constituent of the essential oils of ylang-ylang, clary sage, California lemon, bitter orange, rose and hyacinth Also reported found in cocoa, buckwheat, elderberry fruit and juice and babaco fruit (Carica pentagona Heilborn)


Heptanal is used as a synthesis intermediate in the fragrances and flavors industry. It is the precursor to 1-heptanol, ethyl heptanoate and for certain lubricants.


Manufacture of 1-heptanol; ethyl oenanthate.


Labelled Heptanal. Bioconversion of heptanal to heptanol by Saccharomyces cerevisiae and effect of C source maltose.


ChEBI: Heptanal is an n-alkanal resulting from the oxidation of the alcoholic hydroxy group of heptan-1-ol to the corresponding aldehyde. An endogenous aldehyde coming from membrane lipid oxidation, it is found in the blood of lung cancer patients and has been regarded as a potential biomarker of lung cancer. It has a role as a biomarker. It is a saturated fatty aldehyde, a n-alkanal and a medium-chain fatty aldehyde.


Obtained by distilling castor oil, preferably under reduced pressure.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 3 to 60 ppb.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 105, p. 6285, 1983 DOI: 10.1021/ja00358a017
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 31, p. 3446, 1966 DOI: 10.1021/jo01348a534

General Description

A colorless, oily liquid with a penetrating fruity odor. Insoluble in water and less dense than water. Hence floats on water. Flash point near 141°F. Used to make perfumes and pharmaceuticals.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Heptaldehyde may undergo exothermic self-condensation or polymerization reactions in the presence of acids. May generate flammable and/or toxic gases with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. Is readily oxidized to give heptanoic acid. Can react with air to give first peroxo acids, and ultimately heptanoic acid. These autoxidation reactions are activated by light, catalyzed by salts of transition metals, and are autocatalytic (catalyzed by the products of the reaction). The presence of stabilizers (antioxidants) retards autoxidation. Incompatible with strong oxidizers, bases and reducing agents.



Health Hazard

May cause toxic effects if inhaled or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.


Aldehyde C-7 (heptaldehyde) is readily oxidized in the animal body to the corresponding fatty acid, which then undergoes ?-oxidation and is eventually oxidized to carbon dioxide and water . Boyland was unable to detect pimelic acid in the urine of rats fed heptanal, indicating that the compound was probably completely oxidized in the body. The finding of tumour-inhibiting action by malonic acid supported the possibility of ω-oxidation leading to the formation of glutaric and malonic acids, although the intermediate pimelic acid was not isolated. Yoshida et al. found that heptanal was not utilized as an energy source by chicks when fed at 5% in the diet for 6 days, although the diet was palatable and caused no deaths. Direct evidence was obtained by Erwin & Deitrich for the oxidation in rat, monkey and bovine brain of heptanal and other aldehydes that may arise from biologically active amines in the brain. Aldehyde-oxidizing activity was present in all the areas of bovine brain studied. It was suggested that brain aldehyde dehydrogenase may be important in oxidizing aldehydes from exogenous sources.

Purification Methods

Dry n-heptaldehyde with CaSO4 or Na2SO4 and fractionally distil it under reduced pressure. More extensive purification is by precipitation as the bisulfite compound (formed by adding the aldehyde to saturated aqueous NaHSO3) which is filtered off and recrystallised from hot H2O. The crystals, after being filtered and washed well with H2O, are hydrolysed by adding 700mL of aqueous Na2CO3 (12.5% w/w of anhydrous Na2CO3) per 100g of aldehyde. The aldehyde is then steam distilled off, separated, dried with CuSO4 and distilled under reduced pressure in a slow stream of nitrogen. [McNesby & Davis J Am Chem Soc 76 2148 1954, Beilstein 1 H 695, 1 I 357, 1 II 750, 1 III 2844, 1 IV 3314.]

Heptaldehyde Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products