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Antimony trichloride

Antimony trichloride
Antimony trichloride structure
Chemical Name:
Antimony trichloride
SbCl3;ci77056;Alferrlc;c.i.77056;C.I. 77056;Aluminoferric;antimonybutter;ANTIMONOUS ACID;causticantimony;Antimony butter
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Antimony trichloride Properties

Melting point:
73.4 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
223 °C
3,14 g/cm3
vapor density 
7.9 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 49 °C)
Flash point:
storage temp. 
H2O: soluble
Powder, Crystals and/or Chunks
Specific Gravity
Water Solubility 
Soluble in water, hydrochloric acid, alcohol, benzene, carbon disulfide, dioxane, chloroform, ether, acetone and carbon tetrachloride. Insoluble in organic bases.
Moisture Sensitive
Stable. Hygroscopic. Reacts violently with water. Incompatible with metals.
CAS DataBase Reference
10025-91-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C,N,Xi,Xn
Risk Statements  34-51/53-52/53-36/37/38-37-36/38-20/21/22
Safety Statements  26-45-61-36/37/39-36-36/37
RIDADR  UN 1733 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  CC4900000
HS Code  2827 39 85
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  II
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Antimony trichloride price More Price(25)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 10774 Antimony(III) chloride puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.0% (RT) 10025-91-9 100g $112 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 215783 Antimony(III) chloride ReagentPlus , 99% 10025-91-9 500g $113 2018-11-13 Buy
Alfa Aesar 036281 Antimony(III) chloride, ACS, 99.0% min 10025-91-9 50g $46.6 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 036281 Antimony(III) chloride, ACS, 99.0% min 10025-91-9 1kg $472 2018-11-16 Buy
Strem Chemicals 93-5131 Antimony(III) chloride (99%-Sb) 10025-91-9 250g $87 2018-11-13 Buy

Antimony trichloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Colourless Crystal Or Flakes,fuming in moist air.

Chemical Properties

Antimony trichloride is a noncombustible, clear, colorless, crystalline solid. Acrid, pungent odor.


Used in the chemical microscopy of drugs.


Bronzing iron, especially gun barrels; mordant for patent leather and in dyeing; coloring zinc black; manufacture of lakes, particularly from dye woods; furniture polishes.


ChEBI: An inorganic chloride salt with formula SbCl3. It is used as a reagent for detecting vitamin A and related carotenoids, reacting with the carotenoid to form a blue complex that can be measured by colorimetry (the Carr-Price test). Solu ions of antimony trichloride were formerly used for dissolving and removing horn stubs from calves and goats.


A white deliquescent solid, formerly known as butter of antimony. It is prepared by direct combination of antimony and chlorine. It is readily hydrolyzed by cold water to form a white precipitate of antimony(III) chloride oxide (antimonyl chloride, SbOCl): SbCl3 + H2O = SbOCl + 2HCl.

General Description

Antimony trichloride is a colorless crystalline solid. Antimony trichloride is shipped as a solid or liquid solution. Antimony trichloride is decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. Antimony oxychloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water. Antimony trichloride is corrosive to metals and tissue.

Air & Water Reactions

Fumes in air to form hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Decomposed by water to form hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride.

Reactivity Profile

Acidic salts, such as ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE, are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.


Corrosive liquid or solid. Very irritating to eyes, skin.

Health Hazard

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

Fire Hazard

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Human pulmonary system effects by inhalation. Corrosive by vigorous reaction with moisture, generating heat and hydrogen chloride gas (a strong irritant), whch can cause pulmonary edema when inhaled. Systemic effects can be caused by the antimony. See also ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS. Experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of chlorine and antimony. It can react violently with aluminum, potassium, sodmm.

Potential Exposure

It is used to make antimony salts and drugs; to fireproof textiles; and as a catalyst in many organic reactions; as a reagent for chloral, aromatic hydrocarbons, vitamin A, and for drug identification.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. If victim is conscious, administer water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.


UN1733 Antimony trichloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

Purification Methods

Dry the trichloride over P2O5 or by mixing it with toluene or xylene and distilling (water is carried off with the organic solvent), then distil it twice under dry nitrogen at 50mm, and sublime it twice in a vacuum into ampoules and seal. It can be crystallised from CS2 and is deliquescent. It fumes in moist air and is decomposed by H2O with precipitation of the basic chloride, but forms a clear solution in dilute HCl.


Decomposes in water, forming hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. Reacts violently with strong bases; ammonia, alkali metals; aluminum, potassium, sodium. Forms explosive mixture with perchloric acid when hot. Reacts with air forming hydrochloric acid. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture, forming explosive hydrogen gas.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

Antimony trichloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Antimony trichloride Suppliers

Global( 154)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 24118 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20229 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 4525 58
Chengdu Ai Keda Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 4008-755-333 ; 028-86676798 ; 028-86757656
028-86757656 China 9860 55
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40395 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30291 84
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 China 44187 61
Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd +86-10-4006331231;+86-10-51280831;+86-10-82967028
+86-10-82967029 China 12598 60

Antimony trichloride Spectrum

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