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ジクロロジフルオロメタン

ジクロロジフルオロメタン 化学構造式
75-71-8
CAS番号.
75-71-8
化学名:
ジクロロジフルオロメタン
别名:
ジクロロジフルオロメタン;イソトロン-2;フリゲン-12;フレオンR-12;F-12(フレオン);フレオン-12;フレオン12;ハロン;アルクトン-6;フロン-12;フロン12;ジフルオロジクロロメタン;ゲネトロン-12;CFC-12 (ジクロロジフルオロメタン);ジクロロジフルオロメタン (別名 CFC-12);ジクロロジフルオロメタン(CFC12) ;ジクロロジフルオロメタン(フロンR-12);ジクロロ(ジフルオロ)メタン;ジクロロジフルオロメタン 溶液;ジクロロジフルオロメタン 
英語化学名:
Dichlorodifluoromethane
英語别名:
f12;r12;CF12;F 12;f-12;HC12;R 12;R-12;FC-12;fcc12
CBNumber:
CB1202887
化学式:
CCl2F2
分子量:
120.91
MOL File:
75-71-8.mol

ジクロロジフルオロメタン 物理性質

融点 :
-158°C
沸点 :
-29.79°C
比重(密度) :
1.329
蒸気圧:
4,306 at 20 °C (McConnell et al., 1975)
屈折率 :
1.2850
闪点 :
11 °C
貯蔵温度 :
-20°C
溶解性:
Soluble in acetic acid, acetone, chloroform, ether (Weast, 1986), and ethanol (ITII, 1986)
外見 :
buffered aqueous glycerol solution
色:
Colorless gas with an ethereal odor
水溶解度 :
Insoluble. 0.028 g/100 mL
Henry's Law Constant:
1.72, 2.63, and 3.91 at 10, 20, and 30 °C, respectively (Munz and Roberts, 1987)
暴露限界値:
NIOSH REL: TWA 1,000 ppm (4,950 mg/m3), IDLH 15,000 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 1,000 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 1,000 ppm (adopted).
安定性::
Stable. Non-flammable. May react violently with aluminium.
InChIKey:
PXBRQCKWGAHEHS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
75-71-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Dichlorodifluoromethane(75-71-8)
EPAの化学物質情報:
CFC-12 (75-71-8)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn;N,Xi,N,Xn,T,F
Rフレーズ  20-59-23/25-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-22
Sフレーズ  23-24/25-59-61-45-24-16-7-36/37
RIDADR  1028
WGK Germany  1
Hazard Note  Irritant
DOT Classification 2.2 (Nonflammable gas)
国連危険物分類  2.2
有毒物質データの 75-71-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 for rats >1 g/kg (quoted, Verschueren, 1983).
IDLA 15,000 ppm
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H420 オゾン層を破壊し、健康及び環境に有害 オゾン層への有害性 1 警告 P502
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P311 医師に連絡すること。

ジクロロジフルオロメタン 価格 もっと(2)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 40346 5000?μg/mL in methanol, certified reference material
Dichlorodifluoromethane solution 5000?μg/mL in methanol, certified reference material
75-71-8 1mL ¥7320 2021-03-23 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 40346 ジクロロジフルオロメタン 溶液 5000?μg/mL in methanol, certified reference material
Dichlorodifluoromethane solution 5000?μg/mL in methanol, certified reference material
75-71-8 40346 ¥20400 2018-12-25 購入

ジクロロジフルオロメタン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

解説

[別用語参照]クロロフルオロメタン
森北出版「化学辞典(第2版)

用途

冷凍機用冷媒、エアゾール噴射剤、ウレタン、ポリエチレン、ポリスチレン等のフォームの発泡剤。気密検査のトレーサー、半導体ドライエッチング

効能

噴霧剤

説明

Dichlorodifluoromethane is known as CFC-12, also called R-12, or Freon-12. R-12 is a general name for Refrigerant-12. Freon is a trade name for DuPont. CFC stands for chlorofl uorocarbons, which are nontoxic, nonfl ammable, synthetic chemicals containing atoms of carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.CFC use climbed steadily worldwide as it was incorporated in refrigeration and air conditioning, as well as being used as propellants, blowing agents, and solvents.
dichlorodifluoromethane structure
dichlorodifluoromethane structure

化学的特性

Dichlorodifluoromethane is a liquefied gas and exists as a liquid at room temperature when contained under its own vapor pressure, or as a gas when exposed to room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The liquid is practically odorless and colorless. The gas in high concentrations has a faint etherlike odor. Dichlorodifluoromethane is noncorrosive, nonirritating, and nonflammable. Ethereal odor at .20% by volume. Shipped as a compressed gas.
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane is a colorless, nonflammable liquefied gas with a faint, ethereal odor.
Trichloromonofluoromethane is a clear, volatile liquid at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It has a characteristic carbon tetrachloride-like odor and is nonirritating and nonflammable.

来歴

CFCs were developed in the 1930s as coolants for refrigerator, freezer, and motor vehicle air conditioners.they subsequently found use as metal cleaners, degreasers, propellants, solvents, and blowing agents in the production of foams. CFCs have received widespread environmental attention because of their potential to deplete stratospheric ozone.

使用

Refrigerant, aerosol propellant.
Dichlorodifluoromethane is used as a refrigerant gas in refrigerators and air conditioners.
Dichlorodifluoromethane is also used in aerosol sprays, in plastics, and as an aid in detecting leaks.
Dichlorodifluoromethane harms the ozone layer, which protects the earth from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation.

調製方法

Dichlorodifluoromethane is prepared by the reaction of hydrogen fluoride with carbon tetrachloride in the presence of a suitable catalyst, such as polyvalent antimony. The dichlorodifluoromethane formed is further purified to remove all traces of water and hydrochloric acid as well as traces of the starting and intermediate materials.
Trichloromonofluoromethane is also obtained by this process.
Dichlorotetrafluoroethane is prepared by the reaction of hydrogen fluoride with chlorine and perchloroethylene in the presence of a suitable catalyst such as polyvalent antimony.

一般的な説明

A colorless gas having a faint ethereal odor. Shipped as a liquid confined under its own vapor pressure. Contact with the unconfined liquid can cause frostbite. Both components are noncombustible. Can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Exposure of the closed container to prolonged heat or fire can cause Dichlorodifluoromethane to rupture violently and rocket.

空気と水の反応

The liquefied gas poured into water can be violently explosive. This is due to the phase transition from superheated liquid to vapor.

反応プロフィール

The reaction of aluminum with various halogenated hydrocarbons produces a self-sustaining reaction with sufficient heat to melt aluminum pieces, examples of other halogenated hydrocarbons are fluorotrichloromethane, Dichlorodifluoromethane, chlorodifluoromethane, tetrafluoromethane. The vigor of the reaction appears to be dependent on the combined degree of fluorination and the vapor pressure, [Chem. Eng. News 39(27):44(1961)].

健康ハザード

INHALATION: some narcosis when 10% in air is breathed.

安全性プロファイル

Dichlorodifluoromethane is a colorless, non-flammable gas that can affect you when breathed in. Acute (short-term) exposure to dichlorodifluoromethane can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and trouble with concentration. Exposure to high concentrations of the gas can cause the heart to beat irregularly or to stop. The health effects of chronic (long-term) exposure to dichlorodifluoromethane are unknown at this time. There is no evidence of an increase in cancer risk due to exposure to dichlorodifluoromethane.

職業ばく露

Dichlorodifluoromethane is used as an aerosol propellant, refrigerant and foaming agent

発がん性

There was no evidence of carcinogenicity when groups of 50 male and 50 female rats were given oral doses of 15 or 150 mg/kg of CFC 12 daily for 2 years. As described above, there was no evidence of carcinogenicity when groups of 90 male and 90 female rats and of 60 male and 60 female mice were exposed by inhalation to levels of 1000 and 5000 ppm, 4 h/day, 5 days/ week.

環境運命予測

Surface Water. Estimated half-lives of dichlorodifluoromethane from an experimental marine mesocosm during the spring (8–16 °C) and winter (3–7 °C) were 20 and 13 d, respectively (Wakeham et al., 1983).

貯蔵

Chlorofluorocarbon propellants are nonreactive and stable at temperatures up to 5508℃. The liquefied gas is stable when used as a propellant and should be stored in a metal cylinder in a cool, dry place.

輸送方法

UN1028 Dichlorodifluoromethane or Refrigerant gas R-12, Hazard class: 2.2; Labels: 2.2-Nonflammable compressed gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner

純化方法

Pass the gas through saturated aqueous KOH then conc H2SO4, and a tower packed with activated copper on Kielselguhr at 200o removed CO2 and O2. A trap cooled to -29o removed a trace of high boiling material. It is a non-flammable propellant.

不和合性

The presence of greater than 5% water in solutions that contain trichloromonofluoromethane may lead to hydrolysis of the propellant and the formation of traces of hydrochloric acid, which may be irritant to the skin or cause corrosion of metallic canisters. Trichloromonofluoromethane may also react with aluminum, in the presence of ethanol, to cause corrosion within a cylinder with the formation of hydrogen gas. Similarly, alcohols in the presence of trace amounts of oxygen, peroxides, or other free-radical catalysts may react with trichloromonofluoromethane to form trace quantities of hydrochloric acid.
Both dichlorodifluoromethane and dichlorotetrafluoroethane are compatible with most ingredients used in pharmaceutical aerosols. Because of their poor miscibility with water, most MDIs are formulated as suspensions. However, solution MDIs can be prepared through the use of ethanol as a cosolvent for water and propellant, resulting in a clear solution (provided the water content is less than 5%).

廃棄物の処理

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier. Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced. Because of potential ozone decomposition in the stratosphere, R-12 should be released to the atmosphere only as a last resort. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (aerosol formulations for inhalation, nasal, oral, and topical applications). With few exceptions for existing MDIs, the FDA and EPA have banned the use of CFCs in the USA after 31st December 2008, with all CFCs to be phased out by 2010–2015. Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK.

ジクロロジフルオロメタン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品

75-71-8(ジクロロジフルオロメタン)キーワード:


  • 75-71-8
  • Difluorodichloromethane
  • DICHLORODIFLUOROMETHANE
  • CFC-12
  • HALOCARBON 12
  • FC-12
  • fluorocarbon 12
  • FLON-12
  • Freon-12
  • refrigerant r12
  • Algofrene Type 2
  • algofrenetype2
  • Arcton 12
  • Arcton 6
  • arcton12
  • arcton6
  • Carbondichloridedifluoride
  • CCl2F2
  • CF12
  • CF12(halocarbon)
  • Chladone12
  • chlorofluorocarbon12
  • Chlorofluoromethane (CCl2F2)
  • Dichlordifluormethan
  • dichlorodifluoro-methan
  • Dichlorodifluoromethane(CCl2F2)
  • dichlorodifluoromethanerefrigerantgas,[nonflammablegas]
  • diclorodifluometano
  • Dwuchlorodwufluorometan
  • dwuchlorodwufluorometan(polish)
  • dymel12
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン
  • イソトロン-2
  • フリゲン-12
  • フレオンR-12
  • F-12(フレオン)
  • フレオン-12
  • フレオン12
  • ハロン
  • アルクトン-6
  • フロン-12
  • フロン12
  • ジフルオロジクロロメタン
  • ゲネトロン-12
  • CFC-12 (ジクロロジフルオロメタン)
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン (別名 CFC-12)
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン(CFC12) 
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン(フロンR-12)
  • ジクロロ(ジフルオロ)メタン
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン 溶液
  • ジクロロジフルオロメタン 
  • ハライド(低沸点)
  • 研究用小型ガスボンベ
  • 有機合成化学
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