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りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル

りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 化学構造式
300-76-5
CAS番号.
300-76-5
化学名:
りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル
别名:
りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル;りん酸ジメチル(1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチル);りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチル=ジメチル;ナレド;ブロメックス(殺虫剤);ブロムクロホス;ジブロム;ナレッド;ナレッド標準品;ジメチルジブロムジクロルエチルホスフェイト;ナレド (BRP);りん酸1,2‐ジブロモ‐2,2‐ジクロロエチル=ジメチル (別名ナレド);ナレド標準品;ジブロムブロモクロルホスナレド;BRP標準品;ナレッド STANDARD;ジブロム®;ナレッド Standard, 100 µg/mL in Methanol;ナレッド Standard, 1000 µg/mL in Hexane
英語化学名:
Naled
英語别名:
BRP;oms75;NALED;Alvora;hibrom;naledu;DIBROM;BROMEX;fosbrom;Trumpet
CBNumber:
CB9202010
化学式:
C4H7Br2Cl2O4P
分子量:
380.78
MOL File:
300-76-5.mol

りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 物理性質

融点 :
212℃ (decomposition)
沸点 :
110℃ (0.5 Torr)
比重(密度) :
1.96 g/cm3
蒸気圧:
2 (quoted, Verschueren, 1983)
屈折率 :
1.5108 (28℃)
貯蔵温度 :
0-6°C
溶解性:
Freely soluble in ketone, alcohols, aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons but sparingly soluble in petroleum solvents and mineral oils (Windholz et al., 1983)
水溶解度 :
2000mg l-1(20 °C)
外見 :
solid
比重:
1.96 (20℃)
Merck :
13,6384
BRN :
2049930
暴露限界値:
NIOSH REL: TWA 3 mg/m3, IDLH 200 mg/m3; OSHA PEL: TWA 3 mg/m3; ACGIH TLV: TWA 3 mg/m3.
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn,N,T
Rフレーズ  21/22-36/38-50-25-21
Sフレーズ  36/37-61-26
RIDADR  3018
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 TB9450000
国連危険物分類  6.1(a)
容器等級  I
HSコード  29199000
毒性 LD50 in male rats (mg/kg): 250 orally; 800 dermally (Gaines)
安衛法 57,57-2
毒劇物取締法 III
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H301 飲み込むと有毒 急性毒性、経口 3 危険 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H312 皮膚に接触すると有害 急性毒性、経皮 4 警告 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
注意書き
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P337+P313 眼の刺激が続く場合:医師の診断/手当てを受けること。
P391 漏出物を回収すること。

りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 価格 もっと(8)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSP-159N ナレッド
Naled
300-76-5 10mg ¥4400 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSM-8140-15 ナレッド Standard
Naled Standard, 1000 ug/mL in Hexane
300-76-5 1mL ¥7400 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 49864-61 ナレド標準品
Naled standard
300-76-5 250mg ¥15000 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 45429 ジブロム® PESTANAL?, analytical standard
Dibrom? PESTANAL?, analytical standard
300-76-5 250mg ¥9300 2018-12-25 購入
林純薬工業株式会社 99045429 ジブロムブロモクロルホス ナレド
Dibrom Bromochlorphos Naled
300-76-5 250mg ¥9300 2018-12-15 購入

りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

ごくうすい黄色~うすい黄色, 澄明の液体

溶解性

水に不溶。脂肪族炭化水素以外の殆どの有機溶媒に可溶。水にほとんど溶けない。芳香族溶媒に容易に溶ける。アセトンに溶け、水にほとんど溶けない。

用途

農薬(接触性?食毒性の殺虫?殺ダニ剤)

使用上の注意

アルゴン封入

化学的特性

Naled is a white crystalline solid (when pure) or light straw-colored liquid (above 26.7℃) with a slightly pungent insecticide odor.

化学的特性

Clear Colorless Liquid

物理的性質

Colorless to pale yellow liquid or solid with a pungent odor

使用

Naled is used to control mites, sucking pests and some other insects in a wide variety of crops. It is also used for the control of public and animal health pests including mosquitoes.

使用

Insecticide used for control of spider mites, sucking and chewing insects in fruits, vegetables and ornamentals. Its use may be restricted.

使用

A cholinesterase inhibitor. Insecticide; acaricide.

使用

Insecticide; acaricide.

定義

ChEBI: An dialkyl phosphate resulting from the formal condensation of the acidic hydroxy group of dimethyl hydrogen phosphate with the alcoholic hydroxy group of 1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethanol. An organophosphate insecticide, it is no longer approved for use wit in the European Union.

一般的な説明

DIBROM is a white solid that may be dissolved in a liquid organic carrier with a pungent odor. DIBROM is a water emulsifiable liquid. DIBROM is insoluble in water and sinks in water. DIBROM can cause illness by inhalation, skin absorption and/or ingestion. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. If DIBROM is in liquid form, DIBROM can easily penetrate the soil and contaminate groundwater and nearby streams. DIBROM is used as a pesticide.

空気と水の反応

Practically insoluble in water [Farm Chemicals Handbook]. Hydrolyzed slowly in presence of water.

反応プロフィール

DIBROM is incompatible with the following: Strong oxidizers, acids, sunlight, water [Note: Corrosive to metals. Hydrolyzed in presence of water.] . Unstable in presence of Iron [USCG, 1999]. Organophosphates are susceptible to formation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides.

危険性

Technical compound is a moderately volatile liquid. Bp 110C (0.5 mm Hg). Insoluble in water; slightly soluble in aliphatic solvents; very soluble in aromatic solvents; hydrolyzes in water.

健康ハザード

INHALATION OR INGESTION: Symptoms secondary to cholinesterase inhibition are: headache, giddiness, nervousness, blurred vision, weakness, nausea, cramps, diarrhea, chest discomfort, sweating, miosis, tearing, salivation, and other excessive respiratory tract secretion, vomiting, cyanosis, muscle twitching, and convulsions. EYES: Irritating. SKIN: Irritating-can cause dermatitis.

火災危険

May be combustible. (NOAA, 2007)

农业用途

Insecticide, Fungicide, Bactericide, Acaricide: Naled is a fast-acting, nonsystemic contact and stomach insecticide used to control aphids, mites, mosquitoes,and flies on crops and in greenhouses, mushroom houses, animal and poultry houses, kennels, food-processing plants, and aquaria and in outdoor mosquito control. Liquid formulations can be applied to greenhouse heating pipes to kill insects by vapor action. It has been used by veterinarians to kill parasitic worms (other than tapeworms) in dogs. Naled may no longer be used in and around the home by residents or professional applicators. Naled is available in dust, emulsion concentrate, liquid, and ULV formulations. Also used in cooling towers, veterinary medicine, pulp and paper mill systems, hospitals, swimming pools, and bathrooms. A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Not approved for use in EU countries. Registered for use in the U.S.

製品名

AI3-24988®; ARTHODIBROM®; BROMCHLOPHOS®; BROMEX®; DIBROM®; FLYKILLER®; LUCANAL®; HIBROM®; ORTHO® 4355; ORTHODIBROM®; ORTHODIBROMO®; PROKIL® Naled; TRUMPET®

接触アレルゲン

Naled is an organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and acaricide. Sensitization seems to be very rare.

職業ばく露

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation, and application of this insecticide, fungicide, bactericide, acaricide. Also used in cooling towers, veterinary medicine, pulp and paper mill systems; hospitals, swimming pools; and bathrooms.

環境運命予測

Chemical/Physical. Completely hydrolyzed in water within 2 days (Windholz et al., 1983). In the presence of metals or reducing agents, naled loses bromine, forming dichlorvos (Hartley and Kidd, 1987)
Naled emits toxic fumes of bromines, chlorides and phosphorus oxides when heated to decomposition (Lewis, 1990).

代謝経路

Naled is produced by the photochemical bromination of the dichlorovinyl moiety of dichlorvos. The main route of naled metabolism and transformation in the environment is through debromination to dichlorvos which is probably the active cholinesterase inhibitor in vivo. Naled is also rapidly hydrolysed to bromodichloroacetaldehyde in aqueous environments: consequently much of its detoxification is likely to be via a nonenzymatic hydrolytic route.

Solubility in water

Freely soluble in ketone, alcohols, aromatic and chlorinated hydrocarbons but sparingly soluble in petroleum solvents and mineral oils (Windholz et al., 1983)

輸送方法

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. UN2783 Organophosphorus pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials. UN3018 Organophosphorus pesticides, liquid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Degradation

Naled is stable when dry but it is rapidly hydrolysed in aqueous media and more rapidly in alkaline and acidic media. It is degraded by sunlight. In the presence of metals and reducing agents, bromine is lost and dichlorvos (2) is formed (PM). In unbuffered aqueous solution naled was rapidly hydrolysed via two routes, one leading to the formation of dimethyl phosphate (3) and bromodichloroacetaldehyde (4) and the second via desmethyhaled (5), which further decomposed to yield bromodichloroacetaldehyde (4) and monomethyl phosphate (6) as shown in Scheme 1. Naled was found to be much less hydrolytically stable than dichlorvos and exhibited a maximum stability at pH 4 (Jentzen and Fischer, 1978).

不和合性

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Hydrolyzed in presence of water. Degraded by sunlight. Decomposes when heated; on contact with acids, acid fumes; bases, producing fumes of hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide, phosphorous oxides. Reacts with acids, strong oxidizers in sunlight. Slowly reacts with water; hydrolysis is; corrosive to metals. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings.

廃棄物の処理

This pesticide is more stable to hydrolysis than dichlorvos (50% hydrolysis at pH 9 @ 37.5℃ in 301 minutes). It is unstable in alkaline conditions, in presence of iron; and is degraded by sunlight. About 10% hydrolysis per day is obtained in ambient water. Incineration is recommended for large amounts. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル 生産企業

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300-76-5(りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル)キーワード:


  • 300-76-5
  • 1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloro-ethanodimethylphosphate
  • 1,2-Dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphatic acid
  • Alvora
  • arthodibrom
  • Bromex 50
  • bromex(insecticide)
  • bromex50
  • Dibromfos
  • Dimethyl 1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl phosphate
  • dimethyl-1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethylphosphate
  • dimethyl1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethylphosphate
  • ENT 24988
  • ent24988
  • flibolex
  • fosbrom
  • fosforano-1,2-dwubromo-2,2-dwuchloroetylo-o,o-dwumetylowy
  • hibrom
  • Naled dibromo-
  • naled,[liquid]
  • naledu
  • nikabrom
  • o-(1,2-dibrom-2,2-dichlor-aethyl)-o,o-dimethyl-phosphat
  • o-(1,2-dibromo-2,2-dicloro-etil)-o,o-dimetil-fosfato
  • o-(1,2-dibroom-2,2-dichloor-ethyl)-o,o-dimethyl-fosfaat
  • o,2,2-dichloro-1,2-dibromoethylphosphate
  • o,o-dimethyl-o-(1,2-dibrom-2,2-dichlor-aethyl)-phosphat
  • o,o-dimethyl-o-(1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl)phosphate
  • o,o-dimethylo-2,2-dichloro-1,2-dibromoethylphosphate
  • o-Dibrom 8E
  • oms75
  • りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチルジメチル
  • りん酸ジメチル(1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチル)
  • りん酸1,2-ジブロモ-2,2-ジクロロエチル=ジメチル
  • ナレド
  • ブロメックス(殺虫剤)
  • ブロムクロホス
  • ジブロム
  • ナレッド
  • ナレッド標準品
  • ジメチルジブロムジクロルエチルホスフェイト
  • ナレド (BRP)
  • りん酸1,2‐ジブロモ‐2,2‐ジクロロエチル=ジメチル (別名ナレド)
  • ナレド標準品
  • ジブロムブロモクロルホスナレド
  • BRP標準品
  • ナレッド STANDARD
  • ジブロム®
  • ナレッド Standard, 100 µg/mL in Methanol
  • ナレッド Standard, 1000 µg/mL in Hexane
  • コリンエステラーゼ阻害剤
  • 防疫用殺虫剤
  • 殺ダニ剤
  • 有機リン系殺虫剤
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