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벤잘클로라이드

벤잘클로라이드
벤잘클로라이드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
98-87-3
한글명:
벤잘클로라이드
동의어(한글):
벤잘클로라이드;벤질디염화물;벤잘클로라이드;α,α-다이클로로톨루엔;벤잘 클로라이드
상품명:
BENZAL CHLORIDE
동의어(영문):
benzal;NSC 7915;ai-28597;chlorobenza;Chlorkbenzal;Chlorobenzal;Benzalchlorid;BENZAL CHLORIDE;Benzyl dichiorde;Benzyl dichoride
CBNumber:
CB0124548
분자식:
C7H6Cl2
포뮬러 무게:
161.03
MOL 파일:
98-87-3.mol

벤잘클로라이드 속성

녹는점
-16 °C
끓는 점
207 °C
밀도
1.254
굴절률
1.5500
인화점
92°C
색상
Very refractive liquid
Merck
14,1057
BRN
1099407
안정성
Stable, but moisture sensitive. Combustible. Incompatible with strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, most metals. Readily hydrolyzes in acidic or basic conditions.
CAS 데이터베이스
98-87-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
2A (Vol. 29, Sup 7, 71) 1999
EPA
Benzal chloride (98-87-3)

안전

위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-23-37/38-40-41
안전지침서 23-26-36/37/39-45-38-36/37
유엔번호(UN No.) 1886
RTECS 번호 CZ5075000
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29036990
유해 물질 데이터 98-87-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orl-rat: 3249 mg/kg NTIS** PB214-270
중점관리물질 필터링 별표2-30

벤잘클로라이드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless oily liquid

화학적 성질

Benzal chloride is a combustible, fuming, colorless, oily liquid; fumes on exposure to air. Faint, pungent odor.

용도

α,α-Dichlorotoluene has been useds as initiator during the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of styrene and methyl methacrylate.

용도

manufacture of benzaldehyde, cinnamic acid.

Synthesis Reference(s)

The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 15, p. 795, 1950 DOI: 10.1021/jo01150a012
Tetrahedron Letters, 9, p. 4951, 1968

일반 설명

A colorless oily liquid with a faint aromatic odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Strongly irritates skin and eyes. Used to manufacture dyes.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

BENZAL CHLORIDE is incompatible with strong oxidizers and strong bases. BENZAL CHLORIDE readily hydrolyzes under acid or alkaline conditions. BENZAL CHLORIDE reacts with metals (except nickel and lead). .

위험도

Strong irritant and lachrymator. Probable carcinogen.

건강위험

Acute: vapors are highly irritating to eyes. May be fatal if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through skin.

화재위험

Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Runoff from fire control water may give off poisonous gases and may cause pollution. Cylinder may explode in the heat of fire. Reacts with water to release hydrochloric acid.

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. Poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A strong irritant and lachrymator. Causes central nervous system depression. Mutation data reported. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, AROMATIC.

잠재적 노출

Benzal chloride is used almost exclusively for the manufacture of benzaldehyde. It can also be used to prepare cinnamic acid and benzoyl chloride.

운송 방법

UN1886 Benzylidene chloride, Hazard class 6.1; Label 6.1—Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

May form explosive mixture with air. Reacts with water, air, or heat, forming fumes of hydrochloric acid. Reacts (possibly violently) with acids, bases, strong oxidizers; many metals; potassium, sodium, aluminum. Attacks plastics and coatings.

폐기물 처리

Incineration @ 816 C, 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion; 1204 C, 1.0 second for secondary combustion; elemental chlorine formation may be alleviated through injection of steam or methane into the combustion process.

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