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벤조트리클로라이드

벤조트리클로라이드
벤조트리클로라이드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
98-07-7
한글명:
벤조트리클로라이드
동의어(한글):
벤조트라이클로라이드;벤조트리클로라이드;α,α,α-트라이클로로톨루엔;트라이클로로메틸벤젠
상품명:
Benzotrichloride
동의어(영문):
ai3-02583;alpha.alpha.al;benzotricloruro;Triclorotoluene;benzotrichlorid;benzenylchloride;BENZOTRICHLORIDE;PHENYLCHLOROFORM;Benzenyl chloride;BENZYLTRICHLORIDE
CBNumber:
CB6339243
분자식:
C7H5Cl3
포뮬러 무게:
195.47
MOL 파일:
98-07-7.mol

벤조트리클로라이드 속성

녹는점
−7.5-−7 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
219-223 °C760 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
1.38 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
6.77 (vs air)
증기압
0.2 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.557(lit.)
인화점
207 °F
저장 조건
room temp
용해도
alcohol: soluble
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear yellow
수용성
HYDROLYSIS
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,1109
BRN
508152
안정성
Stable, but moisture sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, moisture.
CAS 데이터베이스
98-07-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Benzene, (trichloromethyl)-(98-07-7)
EPA
Benzene, (trichloromethyl)-(98-07-7)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 45-22-23-37/38-41
안전지침서 53-45
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2226 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 XT9275000
자연 발화 온도 411 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29039990
유해 물질 데이터 98-07-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 6.0 g/kg (Smyth)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P320 긴급히 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

벤조트리클로라이드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless liquid

화학적 성질

Benzotrichloride is a combustible, colorless to yellow-brown, oily liquid that fumes on contact with air. It has a penetrating odor.

용도

α,α,α-Trichlorotoluene was used in determination of chlorinated toluenes in effluents of wastewater treatment plants and textile industries by closed loop stripping analysis.

용도

In dye chemistry. In organic syntheses (source of benzenyl group).

일반 설명

A clear colorless to yellowish colored liquid with a penetrating odor. Denser than water and vapors are heavier than air. May be toxic by inhalation or ingestion. Burns skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Insoluble in water. Used to make dyes and other chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Hydrolyzes in the presence of moisture. The reaction is rather slow due to low solubility in water.

반응 프로필

Benzotrichloride hydrolyzes in the presence of moisture. Benzotrichloride reacts with water, lime, ammonia, strong alkalis, organic amines, chlorates and acids.

위험도

Highly toxic by inhalation, fumes highly irritant. Eye, skin, and upper respiratory tract irri- tant. Probable carcinogen.

건강위험

Toxic by inhalation; fumes are highly irritating to skin and mucous membranes. May cause death or permanent injury after very short exposure to small quantities. A suspected carcinogen.

화재위험

Benzotrichloride may react violently with water. Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Flammable/poisonous gases may accumulate in tanks and hopper cars. Materials may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.). Produces toxic and corrosive fumes when Benzotrichloride reacts with water or steam. Similar to hydrochloric acid; material will react with water or steam to produce toxic and corrosive fumes. Hydrolyzes in presence of water forming benzoic and hydrochloric acids.

잠재적 노출

Benzotrichloride is used as a chemical and dye intermediate; extensively used in the dye industry for the production of Malachite green, Rosamine, Quinoline red, and Alizarin yellow A. It can also be used to produce ethyl benzoate. Commercial grades may contain hydrochloric acid, benzylidene chloride, or benzyl chloride.

Carcinogenicity

Benzotrichloride is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

운송 방법

UN2226 Benzotrichloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8—Corrosive material.

비 호환성

Benzotrichloride decomposes on heating, on contact with acids and/or water, producing toxic and corrosive hydrogen chloride and benzoic acid. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers, iron and other metals, alkali and earth alkali metals; bases and organic substances, and may cause fire and explosions. On contact with air it emits toxic and corrosive hydrogen chloride. Attacks many metals in presence of water. Attacks many plastics.

폐기물 처리

Incineration with flammable solvent added in incinerator with afterburner and alkaline scrubber.

법규

Department of Transportation (DOT)
Benzotrichloride is considered a hazardous material and special requirements have been set for marking, labeling, and transporting this material.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Clean Air Act
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Listed as a hazardous air pollutant.
New Source Performance Standards: Manufacture of substance is subject to certain provisions for the control of volatile organic compound emissions.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Reportable quantity (RQ) = 10 lb.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act
Toxics Release Inventory: Listed substance subject to reporting requirements.
Threshold planning quantity (TPQ) = 100 lb.
Reportable quantity (RQ) = 10 lb.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Listed Hazardous Waste: Waste codes for which the listing is based wholly or partly on the presence of benzotrichloride = U023, K015, K149.
Listed as a hazardous constituent of waste.

벤조트리클로라이드 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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