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이황화탄소

이황화탄소
이황화탄소 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
75-15-0
한글명:
이황화탄소
동의어(한글):
이황화탄소;디티오탄소무수물;설포탄소무수물;이유화탄소CARBONBISULFIDE;탄소황화합물;탄소디황화합물;탄소비황화합물;탄소이황화합물;셀룰로오스나트륨글리콜산염;나트륨카르복시메틸셀룰로오스;카르복시메틸셀루로오스나트륨;카르복;카본다이설파이드
상품명:
Carbon disulphide
동의어(영문):
CS2;CLSTN2;Weeviltox;NCI-C04591;caswellno162;Calsyntenin-2;Carbon sulfide;carbonsulphide;Kohlendisulfid;Alcadein-gamma
CBNumber:
CB6279761
분자식:
CS2
포뮬러 무게:
76.14
MOL 파일:
75-15-0.mol

이황화탄소 속성

녹는점
-112--111 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
46 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.266 g/mL at 25 °C
증기 밀도
2.67 (vs air)
증기압
5.83 psi ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.627(lit.)
인화점
−29 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
Soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, oil, chloroform and carbon tetrachloride.
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
≤10(APHA)
냄새
Cabbage-like odor detectable at 0.016 to 0.42 ppm (mean = 0.2 ppm)
상대극성
0.065
폭발한계
1-60%(V)
수용성
2.9 g/L (20 ºC)
어는점
-110.3℃
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 386 nm Amax: ≤1.0
λ: 388 nm Amax: 0.50
λ: 394 nm Amax: 0.25
λ: 403 nm Amax: 0.10
λ: 410 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 500-750 nm Amax: 0.01
Merck
14,1811
BRN
1098293
Henry's Law Constant
24.25 (atm?m3/mol) at 24 °C (Elliott, 1989)
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 1 ppm, STEL 10 ppm, IDLH 500 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 20 ppm, C 30 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 10 ppm.
안정성
Stable. Extremely flammable. Highly volatile. Note low flash point and very wide explosion limits. Protect from heat, friction, shock, sunlight. Reacts violently with fluorine, azide solutions, zinc dust, liquid chlorine in the presence of iron. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, azides, aluminium, zinc, most common met
InChIKey
QGJOPFRUJISHPQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
75-15-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Carbon disulfide(75-15-0)
EPA
Carbon disulfide(75-15-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-36/38-48/23-62-63-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-48/20-40-36/37/38-19
안전지침서 16-33-36/37-45-7-26
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1131 3/PG 1
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 FF6650000
자연 발화 온도 90 °C
TSCA Yes
HSCode  2813 10 00
위험 등급 3
포장분류 I
유해 물질 데이터 75-15-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LC50 inhal (rat) 25,000 mg/m3 (2 h)
STEL (OSHA) 12 ppm (36 mg/m3)-skin
PEL (OSHA) 4 ppm (12 mg/m3)
TLV-TWA (ACGIH) 10 ppm (31 mg/m3)-skin
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H333 흡입하면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 5 P304+P312
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.

이황화탄소 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless to light yellow liquid with an unpleasant odor. soluble in water and alcohol.It is used as an organic solvent for oils, fats, rubbers, in paint removers,and in the manufacture of carbon tetrachloride and rayon.

화학적 성질

Pure carbon disulfi de is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor similar to that of chloroform, while impure carbon disulfi de is a yellowish liquid with an unpleasant odor, like that of rotting radishes. Exposure to carbon disulfi de occurs in industrial workplaces. Industries associated with coal gasifi cation plants release more carbon disulfi de, carbonyl sulfi de, and hydrogen sulfi de. Carbon disulfi de is used in large quantities as an industrial chemical for the production of viscose rayon fi bers. In fact, the major source of environmental pollution by carbon disulfi de both indoors and outdoors is caused by emissions released into the air from viscose plants

화학적 성질

Carbon disulfide is a highly refractive, flammable liquid; which, in pure form has a sweet odor and in commercial and reagent grades has a foul smell. It can be detected by odor at about 1 ppm but the sense of smell fatigues rapidly and, therefore, odor does not serve as a good warning property.

물리적 성질

Clear, colorless to pale yellow liquid; ethereal odor when pure. Technical grades have strong, foul, rotten, radish-like odor. Leonardos et al. (1969) reported an odor threshold in air of 210 ppbv.

용도

Formerly used as an insecticide

용도

Carbon disulfide is used in the manufacture of regenerated cellulose rayon, cellophane, soil disinfectants, and electronicvacuum tubes. Other major uses are in theproduction of carbon tetrachloride, xanthates,thiocyanates, plywood adhesives, and rubberaccessories. It is also used as a solvent and asan eluant for organics adsorbed on charcoalin air analysis.

용도

Suitable for industrial hygiene analysis

용도

In the manufacture of rayon, carbon tetrachloride, xanthogenates, soil disinfectants, electronic vacuum tubes. Solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, selenium, bromine, iodine, fats, resins, rubbers.

일반 설명

Pure carbon disulphide is a colourless liquid with a pleasant odour similar to that of chloroform, while the impure carbon disulphide is a yellowish liquid with an unpleasant odour, like that of rotting radishes. Exposure to carbon disulphide occurs in industrial workplaces. Industries associated with coal gasification plants release more of carbon disulphide, carbonyl sulphide, and hydrogen sulphide. Carbon disulphide is used in large quantities as an industrial chemical for the production of viscose rayon fibres. In fact, the major source of environmental pollution both indoor and outdoor by carbon disulphide is caused by emission released into the air from viscose plants.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Carbon disulphide has an extremely low autoignition temperature (125°C). May ignite or even explode when heated. The vapor or liquid has been known to ignite on contact with steam pipes, particularly if rusted [Anon., J. Roy. Inst. Chem., 1956, 80, p.664]. Explosion hazard when exposed to flame, heat, sparks or friction. Mixtures with lithium, sodium, potassium or dinitrogen tetraoxide may detonate when shocked. Potentially explosive reaction with nitrogen oxide, chlorine, permanganic acid(strong oxidizing agents). Vapor ignites in contact with aluminum powder or fluorine. Reacts violently with azides, ethylamine ethylenediamine, ethylene imine. Emits highly toxic fumes of oxides of sulfur when heated to decomposition [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 663]. Sodium amide forms toxic and flammable H2S gas with CS2. (714)

위험도

A poison. Toxic by skin absorption. Highly flammable, dangerous fire and explosion risk, can be ignited by friction. Explosive limits in air 1–50%. Questionable carcinogen. Peripheral ner- vous system impairment.

건강위험

The material affects the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes, kidneys, liver, and skin. It may be absorbed through the skin as a vapor or liquid, inhaled or ingested. The probable oral lethal dose for a human is between 0.5 and 5 g/kg or between 1 ounce and 1 pint (or 1 pound) for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person. In chronic exposures, the central nervous system is damaged and results in the disturbance of vision and sensory changes as the most common early symptoms. Lowest lethal dose for humans has been reported at 14 mg/kg or 0.98 grams for a 70 kg person. Alcoholics and those suffering from neuropsychic trouble are at special risk.

건강위험

Laboratory animals exposed to carbon disulfi de experienced deleterious health effects, i.e., developmental effects, skeletal and visceral malformations, embryotoxicity, and functional and behavioral disturbances. Studies have also shown that animals exposed to carbon disulfi de indicate destruction of the myelin sheath and axonal changes in both central and peripheral neurons along with changes in the cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stern, and spinal cord. Neuropathy and myelopathy were extensively studied in rats and rabbits. In the muscle fi bers, atrophy of the denervation type occurred secondary to polyneuropathy. Studies have also shown that carbon disulfi de causes vascular changes in various organs of animals as well as myocardial lesions. Occupational workers exposed to carbon disulfi de showed symptoms of irritability, anger, mood changes, manic delirium and hallucinations, paranoic ideas, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal disturbances, and reproductive disorders. The slowing down of nerve conduction velocity in the sciatic nerves preceded clinical symptoms. Studies have indicated that carbon disulfi de can affect the normal functions of the brain, liver, and heart. Occupational workers exposed to high concentrations of carbon disulfi de have suffered with skin burns when the chemical accidentally touched people’s skin

건강위험

Although carbon disulfide exhibits lowtoxicity in most experimental animals, itstoxicity is relatively greater in humans. Theprimary route of exposure is inhalation ofvapors. It may also enter the body throughskin absorption. The toxic effect from single exposure is narcosis. Repeated exposure causes headache, dizziness, fatigue, nervousness, insomnia, psychosis, irritation, tremors,loss of appetite, indigestion, and gastric disturbances. The symptoms above may be manifested in humans after a few months of 4-hour daily exposure to 150 ppm. A concentration below 30 ppm does not produce anynotable toxic effects. A 15-minute exposureto 5000 ppm of carbon disulfide in air can befatal to humans. Ingestion of 5–10 mL of theliquid may be fatal. The oral LD50 value inrats is in the range 3000 mg/kg.
Chapman et al. (1991) reported finger tremor in humans similar to idiopathic Parkinson’s disease resulting from chronic exposureto carbon disulfide-based pesticides. Similarneurotoxic effects of the pesticide disulfiram have been earlier attributed to its metabolite,CS2 (Rainey Jr. 1977). Sills et al. (2005) haveconducted neurotoxicity inhalation studies ofCS2 onthetargetorgansspinalcordofthecen-tral nervous system and the distal portions oflong myelinated axons of peripheral nervoussystem in F344 rats. The authors observedthat CS2 produced intra- and intermolecularprotein cross-linking in vivo. Such covalentcross-linking in neurofilament proteins priorto the onset of lesions contributed to the neu-rofilamentous axonal swellings.
Chou et al. (2005) have investigated CS2-induced skin toxicity in mice and alterationsin epidermal permeability leading to physiological and pathological changes from topicalexposure to CS2. The authors have postulated two mechanistic pathways to accountfor CS2-induced epidermal alterations, oneinvolving intercellular lipid depletion and theother with keratinocyte damage.

화재위험

Ignition temperature dangerously low: 212F. Vapors may be ignited by contact with ordinary light bulb, when heated to decomposition, Carbon disulphide emits highly toxic fumes of oxides of sulfur. When heated to decomposition, emits highly toxic fumes of sulfur oxides and can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Avoid air, rust, halogens, metal azides, metals, oxidants; when exposed to heat or flame reacts violently with aluminum, chlorine, azides, hypochlorite, ethylamine diamine, ethylene imine, fluorine, metallic azides of lithium, potassium, cesium, rubidium and sodium, nitrogen oxides, potassium, zinc and (sulfuric acid plus permanganate). Decomposes on standing for a long time.

인화성 및 폭발성

Carbon disulfide is extremely flammable and is a dangerous fire hazard (NFPA rating = 3). It is has a high vapor pressure and extremely low autoignition temperature. Its vapor is heavier than air and can travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. The vapor forms explosive mixtures in air at concentrations of 1.3 to 50%. Carbon disulfide can be ignited by hot surfaces such as steam baths that would ordinarily not constitute an ignition source for other flammable vapors. Rust (iron oxide) may increase the likelihood of ignition by hot surfaces. Carbon disulfide fires should be extinguished with CO2 or dry chemical extinguishers.

Safety Profile

A human poison by unspecified route. Mildly toxic to humans by inhalation. An experimental poison by intraperitoneal route. Human reproductive effects on spermatogenesis by inhalation. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. The main toxic effect is on the central nervous system, acting as a narcotic and anesthetic in acute poisoning with death following from respiratory failure. In chronic poisoning, the effect on the nervous system is one of central and peripheral damage, which may be permanent if the damage has been severe. Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, sparks, friction, or oxidning materials. Severe explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Ignition and potentially explosive reaction when heated in contact with rust or iron. Mixtures with sodium or potassiumsodum alloys are powerful, shock-sensitive explosives. Explodes on contact with permanganic acid. Potentially explosive reaction with nitrogen oxide, chlorine (catalyzed by iron). Mixtures with dinitrogen tetraoxide are heat-, spark-, and shocksensitive explosives. Reacts with metal azides to produce shockand heat-sensitive, explosive metal azidodtthioformates. Aluminum powder ignites in CS2 vapor. The vapor ignites on contact with fluorine. Reacts violently with azides, CsN3, Cl0, ethylamine diamine, ethylene imine, Pb(N3)2, LiN3, (H2so4 + permanganates), KN3, RbN3, NaN3, phenylcoppertriphenylphosphine complexes. Incompatible with air, metals, oxidants. To fight fire, use water, CO2, dry chemical, fog, mist. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of SO,.

잠재적 노출

Carbon disulfide is used in the manufacture of viscose rayon; ammonium salts; carbon tetrachloride; carbanilide, xantho genates; flotation agents; soil disinfectants; dyes; electronic vacuum tubes; optical glass; paints, enamels, paint removers; varnishes; varnish removers; tallow, textiles, explosives; rocket fuel; putty; preservatives, and rubber cement; as a solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, selenium, bromine, iodine; alkali cellulose; fats, waxes, lacquers, camphor, resins, and cold vulcanized rubber. It is also used in degreasing; chemical analysis; electroplating; grain fumigation; oil extraction; and drycleaning. It is widely used as a pesticide intermediate.

Source

Identified among 139 volatile compounds identified in cantaloupe (Cucumis melo var.reticulates cv. Sol Real) using an automated rapid headspace solid phase microextraction method (Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001).

환경귀착

Chemical/Physical. Carbon disulfide hydrolyzes in alkaline solutions to carbon dioxide and hydrogen disulfide (Peyton et al., 1976).
In an aqueous alkaline solution containing hydrogen peroxide, dithiopercarbonate, sulfide, elemental sulfur and polysulfides may be expected to form (Elliott, 1990). In an aqueous alkaline solution (pH ≥8), carbon disulfide reacted with hydrogen peroxide forming sulfate and carbonate ions. However, when the pH is lowered to 7–7.4, colloidal sulfur is formed (Adewuyi and Carmichael, 1987).
An aqueous solution containing carbon disulfide reacts with sodium hypochlorite forming carbon dioxide, sulfuric acid and sodium chloride (Patnaik, 1992). Forms a hemihydrate which decomposes at –3°C (Keith and Walters, 1992).Agricultural fumigant Burns with a blue flame releasing carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide (Windholz et al., 1983). Emits very toxic sulfur oxides when heated to decomposition (Lewis, 1990). Carbon disulfide oxidizes in the troposphere producing carbonyl sulfide. The atmospheric half-lives for carbon disulfide and carbonyl sulfide were estimated to be approximately 2 years and 13 days, respectively (Khalil and Rasmussen, 1984).

저장

carbon disulfide should be used only in areas free of ignition sources (including hot plates, incandescent light bulbs, and steam baths), and this substance should be stored in tightly sealed metal containers in areas separate from oxidizers.

운송 방법

UN1131 Carbon disulfide, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Shake it for 3hours with three portions of KMnO4 solution (5g/L), twice for 6hours with mercury (to remove sulfide impurities) until no further darkening of the interface occurs, and finally with a solution of HgSO4 (2.5g/L) or cold, saturated HgCl2. Dry it with CaCl2, MgSO4, or CaH2 (with further drying by refluxing over P2O5), followed by fractional distillation in diffuse light. Alkali metals cannot be used as drying agents. It has also been purified by standing with bromine (0.5mL/L) for 3-4hours, shaking rapidly with KOH solution, then copper turnings (to remove unreacted bromine), and drying with CaCl2. CS2 is highly TOXIC and highly FLAMMABLE. Work in a good fumehood. Small quantities of CS2 have been purified (including removal of hydrocarbons) by mechanical agitation of a 45-50g sample with a solution of 130g of sodium sulfide in 150mL of H2O for 24hours at 35-40o. The aqueous sodium thiocarbonate solution is separated from unreacted CS2, then precipitated with 140g of copper sulfate in 350g of water, with cooling. After filtering off the copper thiocarbonate, it is decomposed by passing steam into it. The distillate is separated from H2O and distilled from P2O5. [Ruff & Golla Z Anorg Chem 138 17 1924, Beilstein 3 IV 395.]

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Also incompatible with chemically active metals (such as sodium, potassium, zinc), azides, organic amines, halogens. May explosively decompose on shock, friction, or concussion. May explode on heating. The substance may spontaneously ignite on contact with air and on contact with hot surfaces, producing toxic fumes of sulfur dioxide. Reacts violently with oxidants to produce oxides of sulfur and carbon monoxide, and causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic, rubber, and coating.

폐기물 처리

This compound is a very flammable liquid which evaporates rapidly. It burns with a Blue flame to carbon dioxide (harmless) and sulfur dioxide. Sulfur dioxide has a strong suffocating odor; 1000 ppm in air is lethal to rats. The pure liquid presents an acute fire and explosion hazard. The following disposal procedure is suggested: All equipment or contact surfaces should be grounded to avoid ignition by static charges. Absorb on vermiculite, sand, or ashes and cover with water. Transfer underwater in buckets to an open area. Ignite from a distance with an excelsior trail. If quantity is large, Carbon disulfide may be recovered by distillation and repackaged for use.

주의 사항

During handling of carbon disulfi de, occupational workers require proper clothing, eye protection, and respiratory protection. Workers should use the chemical under trained management. On contact with the eyes, immediately fl ush with large amounts of water. On skin contact, the worker should quickly remove contaminated clothing and immediately call for medical attention

이황화탄소 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


이황화탄소 공급 업체

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Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
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