금분 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

금분 속성

1063 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
2808 °C (lit.)
19.3 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
n20/589.3 1.523
4 °C
저장 조건
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
Specific Gravity
pH 범위
6 - 8
2.05 μΩ-cm, 0°C
Soluble in hot sulfuric acid and aqua regia. Insoluble in water and acid.
Light Sensitive
노출 한도
NIOSH: IDLH 25 mg/m3
Stable. May react with halogens, strong oxidizing agents, ammonia, hydrogen peroxide. Reaction with ammonia or hydrogen peroxide may form explosive materials.
CAS 데이터베이스
7440-57-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
Gold (7440-57-5)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,Xn,F,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/38-43-67-65-63-48/20-38-11-34-23-52/53
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-62-36/37-61-23
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1789 8/PG 3
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 MD5420000
HS 번호 3822 00 00
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 7440-57-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-18083
그림문자(GHS): GHS hazard pictogramsGHS hazard pictogramsGHS hazard pictograms
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
3 0

금분 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


Metallic gold is virtually insoluble, except in aqua regia. Gold exists in three primary forms, elemental, Au (I), and Au (III). As a precious metal, it is resistant to ionization and generally considered biologically benign in its elemental state.
Gold is not permitted for use in foods, drugs or cosmetics as a coloring agent in the U.S. However, surface decoration of foods under conditions which preclude consumption is not considered to be a food use and is, therefore, exempt from regulations concerning food use. The use of gold in the decoration of food is more popular in Europe, where, probably as the result of its limited use, its use has been accepted.

화학적 성질

Gold does not have a distinctive odor at room temperature, but when heated it emits a sweet odor that is detected with difficulty. Chloroauric acid composed of yellow-orange crystalline powder has a faint chlorine odor.

물리적 성질

Gold is a soft, malleable, ductile, dense metal with a distinctive yellow color. It is almost aheavy as lead, and both can be cut with a knife. One ounce of gold can be beaten and poundedinto a thin sheet that is only a few molecules thick and that will cover over 300 square feetof surface. Although gold is chemically nonreactive, it will react with chlorine and cyanidesolutions and can be dissolved in aqua regia. Its melting point is 1,064.4°C, its boiling pointis 2,808°C, and its density is 19.3 g/cm3 (as compared to lead’s density of 11.35 g/cm3).


There are a total of 54 isotopes of gold, only one of which is stable: Au-197,which accounts for the element’s total natural existence on Earth. The remaining 53 isotopesare radioactive, are artificially produced in nuclear reactors or particle accelerators,and have half-lives ranging from a few microseconds to a few seconds to a few hours toa few days.

Origin of Name

The name “gold” is Anglo-Saxon as well as from the Sanskrit word javal. The symbol Au is from the Latin word aurum, which means “shining dawn.”


Gold is the 72nd most abundant element and is widely spread around the world, but it is not evenly distributed through the surface of the Earth. It is usually found in a few concentrated regions, sometimes in pure flake and nugget metallic forms. Most of it exists in conjunction with silver ore, quartz (SiO2), and the ores of tellurium, zinc, and copper. About one milligram of gold exists in every ton of seawater (this is about 10 parts of gold per trillion parts of seawater, which amounts to a total of about 79 million tons of gold in solution). No economical method of extracting gold from seawater has been developed to recover this treasury of the sea.
Free metallic gold is found in veins of rocks and in ores of other metals. Alluvial gold (placer deposits) is found in the sand and in the gravel at the bottom of streams where it has been deposited as a result of the movement of water over eons. Most gold is recovered from quartz veins called loads and from ores that are crushed.


Gold is not only pleasing to look at but also pleasing to touch, which made it a desirablemetal for human decoration in prehistoric days. It is still the preferred metal for jewelry makingtoday.
Gold is classed as a heavy, noble metal located just below copper and silver in group 11 ofthe periodic table. Gold is a good conductor of electricity as well as an excellent heat reflectorof infrared radiation, which makes it an efficient thin coating on glass in skyscrapers to reflectthe heat of sunlight.
The purity of gold is measured in “carats” (one carat is equal to one part in twenty-four). Thepurest gold is rated at 24 carats, but it is much too soft to be used for jewelry. Good jewelry ismade from 18-carat gold that is 18 parts gold and six parts alloy metal. Thus, an 18-carat goldring is about 75% pure gold and contains about 25% of another metal, such as nickel or copper,to make it harder and more durable. Other alloy metals mixed with gold are silver, platinum, andpalladium—all used to increase gold’s strength and reduce its cost. Some less expensive jewelrycontains 14 or 10 carats of gold (14/24 or 10/24) as well as some other alloy metals.


In manufacture of jewelry; in gold plating other metals; as a standard of currency; most frequently alloyed with silver and copper. For use in medicine, see Gold, Radioactive, Colloidal.


A transition metal that occurs native. It is unreactive and is very ductile and malleable. Gold is used in jewelry, often alloyed with copper, and in electronics and colored glass. Pure gold is 24 carat; 9 carat indicates that 9 parts in 24 consist of gold. Symbol: Au; m.p. 1064.43°C; b.p. 2807°C; r.d. 19.320 (20°C); p.n. 79; r.a.m. 196.96654.

화학 반응

  1. A chiral diphosphine ligand used in the highly-enantioselective hydrogenation of ketoesters, hydroxyketones, ketophosphonates and succinates.
  2. A ligand used for the dynamic kinetic resolution of α,β−unsaturated lactones via asymmetric copper-catalyzed conjugate reduction.
  3. Used in the intramolecular Heck reaction for the synthesis of diterpenoids.
  4. Used in asymmetric Pauson-Khand reaction.
  5. Used in asymmetric iminonitroso Diels-Alder reaction.
  6. Palladium catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation of N-tosyl ketimines.
  7. Ligand for asymmetric hydroalkynylation of norbornadienes
Reactions of 7440-57-5_1
Reactions of 7440-57-5_2

일반 설명

Gold nanoparticles PEG 5000 biotin terminated.The preparation of biotinylated gold nanoparticles involves two surface modification steps. First, the carboxyl-terminated alkanethiol is attached to the surface of gold nanoparticles via chemisorption in the presence of a stabilizing agent. This step is followed by the reaction of the carboxyl groups with (+)-biotinyl-3,6,9,-trioxaundecanediamine and 2-(2-aminoethoxy)ethanol.


Pure gold, if ingested, can cause skin rash or even a sloughing off of skin. It can also causekidney damage and problems with the formation of white blood cells.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Gold has a long-standing tradition in medicine, as it has been used by many nations for thousands of years. From as early as 2500 BC, Arabians, Chinese and Indians used gold compounds for medicinal purposes. In mediaeval times, the elixir aurum potabile , whichwas an alcoholic mixture of herbs with some gold flakes, was sold by medicine men travelling around Europe and this elixir was supposed to cure most diseases. In the nineteenth century, Na[AuCl4] was reported to treat syphilis, whilst others used it to cure alcoholism. On a more serious note, Koch discovered in 1890 the antibacterial properties of gold cyanide. In vitro experiments with the Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed that gold cyanide has the potential as a tuberculosis therapy. Gold compounds were also investigated for the treatment of RA, when it was believed that RA was caused by bacteria, and many other health problems.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data by implantation. Can form explosive compounds with NH3, NH4OH + aqua regia, H2O2. Incompatible with mixtures containing chlorides, bromides, or iocbdes (if they can generate nascent halogens), some oxidizing materials (especially those containing halogens), alkali cyanides, thiocyanate solutions, and double cyanides. See also GOLD COMPOUNDS.

금분 준비 용품 및 원자재


준비 용품

금분 공급 업체

글로벌( 258)공급 업체
공급자 전화 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-0371-55170693 +86-19937530512
info@tianfuchem.com China 21975 55
Shanghai Yingrui Biopharma Co., Ltd.
+86-21-33585366 - 03@
sales03@shyrchem.com CHINA 738 60
career henan chemical co
sales@coreychem.com China 29922 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
sales@chemdad.com China 39915 58
sales@conier.com China 47427 58
Antai Fine Chemical Technology Co.,Limited
info@antaichem.com CHINA 9642 58
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
sales@tnjchem.com CHINA 34572 58
Shanghai CRM New Material Technology Co., LTD
lili@shanghaicrm.com China 896 58
Changzhou Xuanming Pharmaceutical Technology Co., Ltd.
sales@xuanmingchem.com China 304 58
Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
+86-29-29-89586680 +8618192503167
1006@dideu.com China 9896 58

금분 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved