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Aluminum nitrate

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CAS:13473-90-0
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CAS:13473-90-0
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Products Intro: Product Name:Aluminum nitrate
CAS:13473-90-0
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CAS:13473-90-0
Aluminum nitrate Basic information
Physical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions
Product Name:Aluminum nitrate
Synonyms:ALUMINUM NITRATE;ALUMINIUM NITRATE;ALUMINUM NITRATE SOLUTION;ALUMINIUMTRINITRATE;ALUMINIUM ICP STANDARD, AL(NO3)3;AL(NO3)3;Aluminiumnitrat8;aluminum trinitrate
CAS:13473-90-0
MF:AlN3O9
MW:213
EINECS:236-751-8
Product Categories:Industrial/Fine Chemicals;Inorganics
Mol File:13473-90-0.mol
Aluminum nitrate Structure
Aluminum nitrate Chemical Properties
Melting point 73°C
form solid
CAS DataBase Reference13473-90-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA Substance Registry SystemNitric acid, aluminum salt(13473-90-0)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes O;Xi,Xi,O
Risk Statements 8-36/37/38
Safety Statements 17-26
RIDADR UN 1438
HazardClass 5.1
PackingGroup III
Hazardous Substances Data13473-90-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
Aluminum nitrate English
ALFA English
Aluminum nitrate Usage And Synthesis
Physical PropertiesWhite or colorless crystalline solid (nonahydrate – rhombic crystal); deliquescent; refractive index 1.54; melts at 73.5°C; decomposes at 150°C; highly soluble in cold water (63.7% at 25°C), decomposes in hot water, soluble in polar organic solvents.
UsesThe nonahydrate and other hydrated aluminum nitrates have many applications. These salts are used to produce alumina for preparation of insulating papers, in cathode tube heating elements, and on transformer core laminates. The hydrated salts are also used for extraction of actinide elements.
PreparationThe nonahydrate is prepared by treating aluminum, aluminum hydroxide, aluminum oxide, or aluminous mineral with nitric acid. The nitrate is crystallized from the solution.
ReactionsSince Al(NO3)3 or its salt hydrates dissociates to Al3+ and NO3 – ions in the aqueous solution, its reactions in solutions are those of Al3+ . It is partially hydrolyzed, producing H3O+ and thus accounting for the acidity of its solution in water. The products constitute a complex mixture of monoand polynuclear hydroxo species.
Aluminum nitrate is soluble in bases, forming aluminates, [Al(OH)4(H2O)2]–. It decomposes to Al2O3 when heated at elevated temperatures.
Chemical PropertiesWhite crystals. Soluble in cold water, alcohol and acetone; decomposes in hot water.
Chemical PropertiesAluminum nitrate is an odorless, white crystalline solid, often in liquid solution
UsesTextiles (mordant), leather tanning, manufacture of incandescent filaments, catalyst in petroleum refining, nucleonics, anticorrosion agent, antiperspirant.
General DescriptionA white, crystalline solid. Noncombustible but can accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Fires that involve Aluminum nitrate , produce oxides of nitrogen. Uses include, petroleum refining, dyeing, and leather tanning.
Air & Water ReactionsDeliquescent. Water soluble. Aqueous solutions are acidic.
Reactivity ProfileAluminum nitrate is an oxidizing agent. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108].
HazardPowerful oxidizing agent. Do not store near combustible materials.
Health HazardIngestion of large doses causes gastric irritation, nausea, vomiting, and purging. Contact with dust irritates eyes and skin.
Safety ProfileA poison. A severe eye and mdd skin irritant. A powerful oxidmer. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic NOx. See NITRATES and ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS. A nitrating agent. AHE250
Potential ExposureAluminum nitrate is used in tanning leather; as an antiperspirant, as a corrosion inhibitor, in the extraction of uranium and as a nitrating agent
First aidIf this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Aluminum nitrate poisoning requires special first aid and antidote.
ShippingUN1438 Aluminum nitrate, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.
Purification MethodsCrystallise the nitrate from dilute HNO3, and dry it by passing dry nitrogen through the crystals for several hours at 40o. After 2 recrystallisations of ACS grade, it had S, Na and Fe at 2.2, 0.01 and 0.02 ppm, respectively.
IncompatibilitiesAluminum nitrate is a strong oxidizer; avoid contact with flammable or combustible materials; and reducing agents, including chlorides. In solution this chemical is a strong acid; avoid contact with bases. Explosions may occur when aluminum nitrate is shocked or exposed to heat.
Waste DisposalSee Spill Handling above.
Aluminum nitrate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Preparation ProductsIndole-->primary natural gas steam reforming catalysts-->Aluminium nitrate nonahydrate-->finishing agent ED for pernyl silk
Raw materialsNitric acid-->Aluminium hydroxide-->Aluminium
Tag:Aluminum nitrate(13473-90-0) Related Product Information
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