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Company Name: Tianjin Zhongxin Chemtech Co., Ltd.
Tel: 022-66880623
Products Intro: Product Name:MERCUROUS CHLORIDE
Company Name: Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-18871470254
Products Intro: Product Name:dimercury dichloride
Purity:99% Package:5KG;1KG
Company Name: Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
Tel: 86-13657291602
Products Intro: Product Name:MERCUROUS CHLORIDE
Purity:0.99 Package:5KG;1KG
Company Name: Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
Products Intro: Product Name:Mercury(I) chloride
Purity:99.0% Package:1KG;USD|25KG;USD
Company Name: Career Henan Chemica Co
Tel: 0371-86658258
Products Intro: Product Name: MERCUROUS CHLORIDE
Purity:0.99 Package:1KG;7KG

Lastest Price from MERCUROUS CHLORIDE manufacturers

  • Mercury(I) chloride
  • US $0.00-0.00 / KG
  • 2020-05-04
  • CAS:10112-91-1
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 99.0%
  • Supply Ability: 600 Tons
MERCUROUS CHLORIDE Basic information
Chemical Properties Uses Preparation Reactions Toxicity
Synonyms:Mercury(I) chloride, ACS reagent;MERCURY(I) CHLORIDE FOR ANALYSIS;Mercury(I) chloride, 99.999% trace Metals basis;Calogreen;Calotab;Chlorure mercureux;chloruremercureux;Dimercury dichloride
Product Categories:Crystal Grade Inorganics;Hg;Inorganics;metal halide;Materials Science;Mercury;Mercury Salts;Metal and Ceramic Science;Salts;Ultra-High Purity Materials
Mol File:10112-91-1.mol
MERCUROUS CHLORIDE Chemical Properties
Melting point 400 °C (subl.)(lit.)
Boiling point 383°C
density 7.15
vapor pressure 1.7 mm Hg at 236 °C
storage temp. Poison room
form powder
Specific Gravity7.15
color White
Water Solubility Soluble in (0.002g/L )water.
Sensitive Moisture & Light Sensitive
Merck 14,5894
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)pKsp: 17.88(25°C)
CAS DataBase Reference10112-91-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceMercurous chloride(10112-91-1)
EPA Substance Registry SystemMercurous chloride (10112-91-1)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xn,N
Risk Statements 22-36/37/38-50/53
Safety Statements 13-24/25-46-60-61
RIDADR UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany 3
RTECS OV8740000
HazardClass 6.1
PackingGroup II
MSDS Information
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
Chemical PropertiesMercury (I) chloride is a dense white powder and insoluble in water and may be light sensitive. It is incompatible with strong bases, carbonates, sulphides, cyanides, alkalis, sulphites, sulphates, hydrogen peroxide, ammonia, iodine, and hydrogen bromide.
UsesMercury(I) chloride is used in calomel electrodes; in ceramic painting; as a fungicide; in pyrotechnics for producing dark green light; in agriculture for controlling root maggots; and as an antiseptic and antisyphilitic agent in medicine.
PreparationMercury(I) chloride is prepared by passing a limited amount of chlorine gas over mercury in a heated silica retort. Excess chlorine should be avoided as it can oxidize mercury(I) chloride to mercury(II) chloride.
2Hg + Cl2 → Hg2Cl2
The product generally contains some mercury(II) chloride which is removed by treating the product mixture with water and filtering out the insoluble mercury(I) salt from the soluble mercury(II) salt.
The compound also can be made by heating mercury(II) chloride with mercury. The product Hg2Cl2 sublimes and is collected:
HgCl2 + Hg → Hg2Cl2
Mercury(I) chloride is obtained as a white precipitate by adding a cold acidic solution of sodium chloride or other soluble chloride to a solution of mercurous salt, such as mercury(I) nitrate:
[Hg2]2+ (aq) + 2Cl¯ (aq) → Hg2Cl2 (s)
The precipitation method, however, does not form high-purity product as it contains small amounts of reactant and product ions that stick to the Hg2Cl2 precipitate and are difficult to remove by washing with water.
ReactionsMercury(I) chloride oxidizes to mercury(II) chloride when heated with chlorine:
Hg2Cl2 + Cl2 → 2HgCl2
Mercury(I) chloride is a reducing agent and, therefore, its reaction with oxidizing substances can oxidize it to Hg(II) compounds.
When heated at elevated temperatures, it partially dissociates to mercury metal and mercury(II) chloride:
Hg2Cl2 → Hg + HgCl2
This disproportionation (or breakdown of a compound into two products containing the same element but in different oxidation states) also occurs to some degree when mercury(I) chloride is heated and sublimed in an open container. Reaction with ammonia in solution forms an unstable black adduct which slowly converts to mercury(II) amidochloride, NH2HgCl, releasing mercury:
Hg2Cl2 + 2NH3 → ClHg—HgNH2 + NH4Cl
ClHg—HgNH2 → NH2HgCl + Hg
ToxicityMercury(I) chloride is highly toxic by ingestion and other routes of exposure. The symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea and kidney damage.
Chemical PropertiesMercurous chloride forms tetrahedral white crystals, and, unlike the mercuric salt, is only very slightly soluble in water (about 2mg/L water at 20°C).
Chemical PropertiesWhite, rhombic crystals or crystalline powder; odorless. Stable in air but darkens on exposure to light.decomposed by alkalies. Insoluble in water, ether, alcohol, and cold dilute acids.
UsesThis compound is used by the pharmaceutical industry and is used also as a fungicide, as a poison, in fireworks, and to control maggots.
UsesDark green Bengal lights; calomel paper, mixed with gold in painting on porcelain; for calomel electrodes; as fungicide; in agriculture to control root maggots on cabbage and onions.
UsesCalomel is used as a laboratory reagent, as a fungicide, and as a depolarizer in dry batteries.
Production MethodsMercurous chloride is produced by exposing mercury metal to limited amounts of chlorine gas, insufficient to form mercuric chloride as the major product; it can also be prepared by precipitation from mercurous nitrate solution.
General DescriptionOdorless white solid. Sinks in water.
Reactivity ProfileMERCUROUS CHLORIDE is incompatible with acetylene, ammonia, chlorine dioxide, azides, calcium (amalgam formation), sodium carbide, lithium, rubidium, copper .
HazardToxic dose is uncertain.
Health HazardAcute poisoning can result from inhaling dust concentrations of 1.2-8.5 mg/m 3 in air; symptoms include pain and tightness in chest, coughing, and difficulty in breathing. Compound is an irritant, cathartic, or purgat ive; rarely, ``calomel sickness,'' a benign reaction with fever and rash, appears after about 1 week; seldom causes systemic poisoning but may be fatal if retained to 30-40 mg/kg. Contact with eyes causes mild irritation.
CarcinogenicityAn acute oral dose in humans of 1 g HgCl2 may cause corrosive damage to the GI tract; there is, however, little quantitative information on dose–effect relationships during low-level exposure to inorganic mercury. A dose of 2 g may be expected to increase mortality greatly among victims of the poison. Death from acute oral exposure is usually caused by cardiovascular collapse and renal failure. Ingestion of inorganic compounds may cause gastrointestinal corrosion and irritation, such as vomiting, bloody diarrhea, and stomach pains.
Environmental FateCalomel can generate reactive oxygen species and deplete glutathione levels. Both genotoxic and nongenotoxic mechanisms may contribute to renal carcinogenic effect of mercury.
Toxicity evaluationCalomel decomposes gradually in the presence of sunlight. It slowly decomposes to mercury and mercuric chloride under aqueous conditions.
MERCUROUS CHLORIDE Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materialsNitric acid-->Sodium chloride-->Mercury
Tag:MERCUROUS CHLORIDE(10112-91-1) Related Product Information
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