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Aluminum phosphide(20859-73-8)

Aluminum phosphide(20859-73-8)
Product IdentificationBack to Contents
【Product Name】

Aluminum phosphide
【Synonyms】

Celphos
Detia
Phostoxin
【CAS】

20859-73-8
【Formula】

AlP
【Molecular Weight】

57.96
【EINECS】

244-088-0
【RTECS】

BD1400000
【RTECS Class】

Agricultural Chemical and Pesticide; Human Data
【Merck】

12,372
【Beilstein/Gmelin】

37808 (G)
【EC Index Number】

015-004-00-8
【EC Class】

Highly flammable; Very toxic; Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas; Dangerous for the Environment
Physical and Chemical PropertiesBack to Contents
【Appearance】

Dark gray or dark yellow crystals; cubic zinc blende structure. Garlic odor.
【Solubility in water】

Reacts
【Melting Point】

2530
【Density】

2.85 g/cm3 (20 C)
【Usage】

Insecticide, fumigant.
First Aid MeasuresBack to Contents
【Ingestion】

Seek medical assistance.
【Inhalation】

Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with beta2 agonist and corticosteroid aerosols.
【Skin】

Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician should examine the area if irritation or pain persists.
【Eyes】

Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility.
Handling and StorageBack to Contents
【Storage】

Fireproff storage, separate from acids, dry, with ventilation along the floor. Protect from moist air - will react to produce highly toxic phosphine.
【Handling】

All chemicals should be considered hazardous. Avoid direct physical contact. Use appropriate, approved safety equipment. Untrained individuals should not handle this chemical or its container. Handling should occur in a chemical fume hood.
Hazards IdentificationBack to Contents
【Inhalation】

Cough, sputum production, and dyspnea have been noted. Delayed onset of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, cyanosis, and ards may be noted.
【Skin】

Redness. Burning sensation.
【Eyes】

Phosphine irritates the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, throat, and respiratory tract.
【Ingestion】

Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea may occur.
【Hazards】

Releases toxic fumes on exposure to moist air, water, or acids. Decomposes to produce phosphine gas. Avoid water, dilute mineral acids, dilute or concentrated hydrochloric acid. Stable when dry. Avoid moist air.
【UN (DOT)】

1397
Exposure Controls/Personal ProtectionBack to Contents
【Personal Protection】

Protective gloves. Safety goggles or eye protection in combintion with breathing protection.
【Respirators】

Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
【Exposure Effects】

Abnormally low blood pressure, shock, and either rapid heart rate or low heart rate occur commonly. Fatigue, headache, drowsiness, dizziness, paresthesias, and CNS depression leading to coma may be seen. Seizures are not uncommon following acute exposure. Restlessness and anxiety were noted following acute aluminum phosphide ingestion. No data were available to assess the teratogenic potential of this agent. <br>No data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during pregnancy or lactation. <br>At the time of this review no information about possible male reproductive effects was found in available references.
【Poison Class】

1
Fire Fighting MeasuresBack to Contents
【Fire Fighting】

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when fighting fires involving this material. If contact with the material is anticipated, wear full protective clothing.Do not use water or foam. Small fires can be extinguished with dry chemical, soda ash, or lime. Large fires -- withdraw from area and let fire burn. Move container from fire only if you can do it without risk.
Accidental Release MeasuresBack to Contents
【Small spills/leaks】

Do not use water. Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Keep material dry.
Stability and ReactivityBack to Contents
【Incompatibilities】

Can react vigorously upon contact with oxidizing agents.
【Stability】

Reacts violently with diluted strong acids causing fire and explosion hazard. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Reaction with dilute mineral acids is explosively violent.
【Decomposition】

When heated to decomposition, yields toxic phosphorus oxides.
【Combustion Products】

Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
Transport InformationBack to Contents
【UN Number】

1397
【Hazard Class】

4.3
【Packing Group】

I
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