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Aluminum phosphide

Aluminum phosphide
Aluminum phosphide
CAS No.
20859-73-8
Chemical Name:
Aluminum phosphide
Synonyms
Detia;al-phos;Celphos;delicia;gastion;Talunex;celphine;celphide;Chelphos;fumitoxin
CBNumber:
CB5319619
Molecular Formula:
AlP
Formula Weight:
57.96
MOL File:
20859-73-8.mol

Aluminum phosphide Properties

Melting point:
2000℃
Density 
2.42
form 
green or yellow cubic crystals
Stability:
Flammable solid. Contact with acids liberates highly toxic gas (phosphine). Incompatible with acids, moisture, oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
20859-73-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Aluminum monophosphide(20859-73-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Aluminum phosphide (AlP)(20859-73-8)

SAFETY

Hazard Codes  F,T+,N
Risk Statements  15/29-28-32-50
Safety Statements  3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61
RIDADR  1397
HazardClass  4.3
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 20859-73-8(Hazardous Substances Data)

Aluminum phosphide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

yellow or grey crystals

Uses

Source of phosphine; in semiconductor research; as fumigant.

General Description

Aluminum phosphide is a dark gray or dry, yellow, crystalline solid. Aluminum phosphide reacts with moisture to give phosphine, a flammable and poisonous gas. Normally, phosphine will spontaneously ignite upon contact with air. If there is an excess of water, the phosphine fire will not normally ignite any surrounding combustible material.

Air & Water Reactions

Decomposed by water or moist air, evolving phosphine, a toxic gas that often ignites [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

Reactivity Profile

Aluminum phosphide is a reducing agent. Contact with mineral acids causes explosive evolution of toxic phosphine [Wang, C. C. et al., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1963, 25, p. 327]. Heating produces highly toxic fumes of phosphorus oxides. Can react vigorously upon contact with oxidizing agents. [Sax, 9th ed., p. 119].

Health Hazard

Acute toxicity occurs primarily by the inhalation route when Aluminum phosphide decomposes into the toxic gas, phosphine. The human median lethal dose for Aluminum phosphide has been reported to be 20 mg/kg. Rated as super toxic: probable oral lethal dose is less than 5 mg/kg or less than 7 drops for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person.

Fire Hazard

Releases toxic fumes on exposure to moist air, water, or acids. Decomposes to produce phosphine gas. Avoid water, dilute mineral acids, dilute or concentrated hydrochloric acid. Stable when dry. Avoid moist air.

Agricultural Uses

Fumigant, Fungicide, Rodenticide, Insecticide: Used as an insecticidal fumigant for grain, peanuts, processed food, animal feed, leaf tobacco, cottonseed, and as space fumigant for flour mills, warehouses and railcars. It is also used in baits for rodent and mole control in crops. Used as a source of phosphine; in semiconductor research. Zinc phosphide is often mixed with bait food such as cornmeal, which can be a danger to pets and children. When phosphides are ingested or exposed to moisture, they release phosphine gas. A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Metallic phosphides on clothes, skin, or hair can react with water or moisture to generate phosphine gas.

Trade name

AL-PHOS®; CELPHIDE®; CELPHOS®; DELICIA®; DETIA®; DETIA-EX-B®; DETIA GAS EX®; DETIA-GAS-EX-B®; DELICIA GASTOXIN; FARMOZ®; FUMITOXIN®; PHOSTOXIN®; PHOSTOXIN-A®; QUICKPHOS®; QUICK TOX®; RENTOKIL GASTION®

Aluminum phosphide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Aluminum phosphide Suppliers

Global( 72)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32765 55
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
Secco work (Beijing) chemical technology co., LTD 010-69755668;
010-69755668 1139670422@qq.com China 3545 54
Nanjing Sunlida Biological Technology Co., Ltd. 025-58378339;025-57798810
025-57019371 sales@sunlidabio.com China 3854 55
BeiJing TOP Science Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. 13439059536
QQ:2638315663 info@tpscis.com;sales@tpscis.com;skype:topscience-william China 294 58
Hangzhou J&H Chemical Co., Ltd. +86-0571-87396432
+86-0571-87396431 sales@jhechem.com China 14049 53
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd North:027-59599241,18871490274,QQ:1400878000 South:027-59599240,18871490354,QQ:1400868000
FAX:027-59599240 sales@hubeijusheng.com China 9925 58
Sigma-Aldrich 021-61415566 800-819-3336(Tel) 400-620-3333(Mobile)
021-61415567 orderCN@sial.com China 21769 80
Raw material medicin reagent co.,Ltd 025-57798860
sales@njromanme.com China 4656 58
Guangdong wengjiang Chemical Reagent Co., Ltd. 0751-2886750/15914351330
0751-2886756 QQ:3001264886 sales@wengjiang.net China 14435 58

20859-73-8(Aluminum phosphide)Related Search:


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