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Aluminum phosphide

Aluminum phosphide
Aluminum phosphide
Chemical Name:
Aluminum phosphide
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Aluminum phosphide Properties

Melting point:
green or yellow cubic crystals
Water Solubility 
reacts with H2O to produce phosphine [MER06]
Flammable solid. Contact with acids liberates highly toxic gas (phosphine). Incompatible with acids, moisture, oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
20859-73-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Aluminum monophosphide(20859-73-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Aluminum phosphide (AlP)(20859-73-8)


Hazard Codes  F,T+,N
Risk Statements  15/29-28-32-50
Safety Statements  3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61
RIDADR  1397
HazardClass  4.3
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 20859-73-8(Hazardous Substances Data)

Aluminum phosphide price

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy

Aluminum phosphide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

yellow or grey crystals

Chemical Properties

Aluminum phosphide is a pyrophoric, dark gray or dark yellow crystalline solid


Source of phosphine; in semiconductor research; as fumigant.

General Description

Aluminum phosphide is a dark gray or dry, yellow, crystalline solid. Aluminum phosphide reacts with moisture to give phosphine, a flammable and poisonous gas. Normally, phosphine will spontaneously ignite upon contact with air. If there is an excess of water, the phosphine fire will not normally ignite any surrounding combustible material.

Air & Water Reactions

Decomposed by water or moist air, evolving phosphine, a toxic gas that often ignites [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

Reactivity Profile

Aluminum phosphide is a reducing agent. Contact with mineral acids causes explosive evolution of toxic phosphine [Wang, C. C. et al., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1963, 25, p. 327]. Heating produces highly toxic fumes of phosphorus oxides. Can react vigorously upon contact with oxidizing agents. [Sax, 9th ed., p. 119].


Dangerous fire risk. It evolves phosphine.

Health Hazard

Acute toxicity occurs primarily by the inhalation route when Aluminum phosphide decomposes into the toxic gas, phosphine. The human median lethal dose for Aluminum phosphide has been reported to be 20 mg/kg. Rated as super toxic: probable oral lethal dose is less than 5 mg/kg or less than 7 drops for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person.

Fire Hazard

Releases toxic fumes on exposure to moist air, water, or acids. Decomposes to produce phosphine gas. Avoid water, dilute mineral acids, dilute or concentrated hydrochloric acid. Stable when dry. Avoid moist air.

Agricultural Uses

Fumigant, Fungicide, Rodenticide, Insecticide: Used as an insecticidal fumigant for grain, peanuts, processed food, animal feed, leaf tobacco, cottonseed, and as space fumigant for flour mills, warehouses and railcars. It is also used in baits for rodent and mole control in crops. Used as a source of phosphine; in semiconductor research. Zinc phosphide is often mixed with bait food such as cornmeal, which can be a danger to pets and children. When phosphides are ingested or exposed to moisture, they release phosphine gas. A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Metallic phosphides on clothes, skin, or hair can react with water or moisture to generate phosphine gas.

Trade name


Safety Profile

A human poison by inhalation and ingestion. Dangerous; in contact with water, steam, or alkali it slowly yields PH3, which is spontaneously flammable in air. Explosive reaction on contact with mineral acids produces phosphine. When heated to decomposition it yields toxic PO,. See also ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS, PHOSPHIDES, and PHOSPHINE. AHGOOO

Potential Exposure

Used as a rodenticide; wood preservative; as a source of phosphine; as an insecticidal fumigant for grain, peanuts, processed food, animal feed, leaf tobacco, cottonseed; and as space fumigant for flour mills, warehouses and railcars. Used in semiconductor research

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.


UN1397 Aluminum phosphide, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3-Dangerous when wet material, 6.1-Poisonous materials.


Able to ignite spontaneously in moist air; forms toxic and explosive phosphine gas on contact with moisture in air. Reacts violently with water, steam, carbon dioxide; acids, alcohols, and foam fire extinguishers. Contact with water and bases slowly releases highly flammable and toxic phosphine gas.

Waste Disposal

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Allow to react slowly with moisture in the open, being sure that phosphine gas evolved is dissipated. Alternatively, mix with dry diluent and incinerate at temperature above 1000 C with effluent gas scrubbing. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed of properly by following package label directions or bycontacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

Aluminum phosphide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Aluminum phosphide Suppliers

Global( 74)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32651 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 19990 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Secco work (Beijing) chemical technology co., LTD 010-69755668;
010-69755668 China 3616 54
Hangzhou Yuhao Chemical Technology Co., Ltd 0571-82693216
+86-571-82880190 China 9430 52
Nanjing Sunlida Biological Technology Co., Ltd. 025-58378339;025-57798810
025-57019371 China 3838 55
BeiJing TOP Science Bio-Technology Co., Ltd. 13439059536
QQ:2638315663;;skype:topscience-william China 295 58
Hangzhou J&H Chemical Co., Ltd. +86-0571-87396432
+86-0571-87396431 China 14022 53
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd North:027-59599241,18871490274,QQ:1400878000 South:027-59599240,18871490354,QQ:1400868000
FAX:027-59599240 China 9917 58
Sigma-Aldrich 021-61415566 800-819-3336(Tel) 400-620-3333(Mobile)
021-61415567 China 28593 80

View Lastest Price from Aluminum phosphide manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-16 Aluminum phosphide 56% tablets
US $1.00 / kg 1000kg 56% tablets 500MT career henan chemical co

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