Back to ChemicalBook Home--->CAS DataBase List--->108-77-0

108-77-0

108-77-0 Structure

108-77-0 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Cyanuric chloride
[CAS]

108-77-0
[Synonyms]

2,4,6-TRICHLORO-1,3,5-TRIAZINE
2,4,6-TRICHLORO-S-TRIAZINE
2,4,6-TRICHLORO-SYM-TRIAZINE
CYANURIC CHLORIDE
CYC
TIMTEC-BB SBB008925
TRICHLOROCYANIDINE
TRICYANOGEN CHLORIDE
,3,5-Trichloro-2,4,6-triazine
1,3,5-Triazine, 2,4,6-trichloro-
1,3,5-Triazine,2,4,6-trichloro-
1,3,5-Trichlorotriazine
2,4,6-Trichlor-[1,3,5]triazin
2,4,6-trichloro-s-triazin
2,4,6-Trichlorotriazine
3,5-Triazine,2,4,6-trichloro-1
5-triazine,2,4,6-trichloro-3
Chlorotriazine
Cyanur chloride
cyanurchloride
[EINECS(EC#)]

203-614-9
[Molecular Formula]

C3Cl3N3
[MDL Number]

MFCD00006046
[Molecular Weight]

184.41
[MOL File]

108-77-0.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

White Powder
[mp ]

145-147 °C(lit.)
[bp ]

190 °C(lit.)
[density ]

1.92
[vapor density ]

6.36 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

0.8 mm Hg ( 62.2 °C)
[Fp ]

190°C
[storage temp. ]

Refrigerator (+4°C)
[Stability:]

Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water.
[Water Solubility ]

reacts
[Usage]

Cyanurchloride is an intermediate to manufacture of agrochemicals (triazine herbicides), dyestuffs, optical brighteners, tanning agents, reactive dyes, UV-absorbing agent, softening agents and pharmaceuticals, as well as block-builders for plastics. Product Data Sheet
[Usage]

Cyanurchloride is an intermediate to manufacture of agrochemicals, dyestuffs, optical brighteners, tanning agents, softening agents and pharmaceuticals, as well as block-builders for plastics.
[Sensitive ]

Moisture Sensitive
[Merck ]

2699
[BRN ]

124246
[CAS DataBase Reference]

108-77-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Cyanuric chloride(108-77-0)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

108-77-0(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

T+,C
[Risk Statements ]

R14:Reacts violently with water.
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R26:Very Toxic by inhalation.
R34:Causes burns.
R43:May cause sensitization by skin contact.
[Safety Statements ]

S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S28:After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of ... (to be specified by the manufacturer) .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S46:If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label .
S63:In case of accident by inhalation, remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest.
[RIDADR ]

UN 2670 8/PG 2
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

XZ1400000
[HazardClass ]

8
[PackingGroup ]

II
[HS Code ]

29336980
[Safety Profile]

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, and intravenous routes. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Experimental reproductive effects. A corrosive. A skin and severe eye irritant. An allergen. Has been reported as causing irritation of mucous membranes and heart rhythm disturbances in humans. Violent reaction with water - (above 30°C), acetone + water, methanol, methanol + sodium hydrogen carbonate, 2- ethoxyethanol, dimethyl formamide, 3- butanone + sodium hydroxide + water, allyl alcohol + sodium hydroxide + water (at 28℃). When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cland NOx. See also CHLORIDES.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

108-77-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Urea-->Chlorine-->Sodium cyanide-->HYDROGEN CYANIDE-->Methyl thiocyanate
[Preparation Products]

Simazine-->C.I. Reactive yellow 1-->Reactive Yellow 179-->2-[[4-[[4-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]phenyl]azo]-p-cresol -->Reactive Light Yellow M-5G-->ANILAZINE-->fluorescent whitening agent RA-->CIBACRON BRILLIANT YELLOW 3G-P-->Reactive Violet 2-->Direct Blending Brilliant Red D-5BL-->Reactive Yellow 18-->ReactivebrilliantredKE-7B -->C.I. Reactive Blue 1-->REACTIVE ORANGE 14-->Reactive Yellow 84-->tetrasodium 3,3'-[(1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diyl)bis[imino(5-methoxy-2-methyl-4,1-phenylene)azo]]bis(naphthalene-1,5-disulphonate) -->Direct Blend Rubine D-BLL-->Reactive Brilliant Orange K-R-->Reactive Yellow KE-RN-->Reactive Disperse Scarlet G-->Fluorescent Brightener 220-->REACTIVE RED 120-->Cyanuric fluoride-->Reactive Red M-3BE-->REACTIVE RED 195-->Bladex-->Reactive Blue 81-->trisodium 2-[[6-[(4,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)methylamino]-1-hydroxy-3-sulphonato-2-naphthyl]azo]naphthalene-1,5-disulphonate -->SSH-108-->hexasodium 4-amino-3,6-bis[[5-[[4-chloro-6-[(3-sulphonatophenyl)amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2-sulphonatophenyl]azo]-5-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulphonate-->Reactive Red Violet X-2R-->Neutral Brilliant Yellow S-5GL-->Altretamine-->trisodium 2-[[6-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)methylamino]-1-hydroxy-3-sulphonato-2-naphthyl]azo]naphthalene-1,5-disulphonate
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A colorless crystalline solid with a pungent odor. Melting point 146°C. Density 1.32 g/cm3. Very slightly soluble in water. Toxic by ingestion and inhalation of vapors. Irritates skin and eyes. Used to make dyes.
[Reactivity Profile]

CYANURIC CHLORIDE(108-77-0) reacts rapidly and exothermically with water to generate hydrogen chloride. A mixture with water in an industrial reactor with refrigeration turned off developed pressure that blew gaskets and filled the building with flammable vapors. An explosion occurred when the vapors were ignited [MCA Case History 1869(1972)]. Runaway reactions have occurred with acetone/water; methanol/water, ethoxyethanol/water, allyl alcohol/sodium hydroxide/water, 2-butanone/sodium hydroxide/water, and methanol/sodium bicarbonate [Loss Prev. Bull., 1979, (25), 21]. Reacts with methanol to give gaseous methyl chloride. Reacts rapidly with bicarbonates to generate gaseous carbon dioxide. Reacts vigorously with dimethyl formamide (DMF) to form carbon dioxide after a deceptive induction period [BCISC Quart. Safety Summ., 1960, 35, 24]. Can react with reducing agents to generate heat and products that may be gaseous (causing pressurization of closed containers). The products may themselves be capable of further reactions (such as combustion in the air).
[Air & Water Reactions]

Reacts exothermically with water, especially if catalyzed or heated, to generate fumes of hydrochloric acid. Very slightly soluble in water.
[Health Hazard]

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Reaction with water or moist air will release toxic, corrosive or flammable gases. Reaction with water may generate much heat that will increase the concentration of fumes in the air. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.
[Fire Hazard]

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Vapors may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars etc.). Substance will react with water (some violently), releasing corrosive and/or toxic gases and runoff. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated with water.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

2,4,6-Trichloro-1,3,5-triazine(108-77-0).msds
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Outline]

Cyanuric chloride, white crystals with a strong irritant chlorine odor , is corrosive to the skin, having eye irritation and tearing property. Melting point 145 ℃, boiling point 190 ℃, UVλmax241nm (ethanol).it is Soluble in ethanol, ethyl ether, chloroform, acetic acid and acrylonitrile, insoluble in cold water. cooling of reaction of Cyanuric chloride and water is slow, when it is heated it is rapidly hydrolyzed to cyanuric acid (C3H3O3N3) and hydrochloric acid, the product are relatively soluble in water, so you can use the extraction method of separating. It Reacts With concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulfuric acid at room temperature to be partial conversion of cyanuric acid, and it reacts with the sodium alkoxide to generate cyanuric acid triester, and it can also react with ammonia, amines, phenols and so on.
In recent years, there is rapid growth in consumption of cyanuric chloride in China, from 1998 to 2004 the average annual growth rate of Apparent consumption was about 32.2% ,in 2005, cyanuric chloride demand reached 50,000 tons, according to forecasts, from 2007 to 2012 cyanuric chloride will continue rapid growth in average rate of 6.0% , the market is very promising. Since cyanuric chloride subsequent products are enormous , the market demand is large, national research institutions and related businesses have continued to develop its downstream products, and open cyanuric chloride applications. Therefore, the new product by the cyanuric chloride derivatives are emerging, the market demand will be further expanded.
Related cyanuric chloride chemical reactions involving:
After 2-amino-4-nitrophenol diazotization, and H acid coupling, and chromium, cobalt complex post-processing,it is first condensed with cyanuric chloride ,then after condensation with ammonia to get Reactive Black K-BR. It is Mainly used for cotton, polyester/cotton printing.
With cyanuric chloride as raw materials, in trichlorethylene solution at 20~30 ℃, with the amine reaction , 2,4-dichloro-6-ethyl-1,3,5-triazine is produced, and then it reacts with ammonia to produce 2-amino-4-chloro-6-ethylamino triazine, and then it reacts with 2-chloro-2-methyl propionitrile , which can generate selective herbicides cyanazine for control annual or perennial narrow leaves or broadleaf weeds in corn field.
[Chemical Properties]

Crystals Having a pungent odor. Soluble in chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, ethanol, hot ether, acetone, dioxane, slightly soluble in water.
[Uses]

cyanuric chloride is an important fine chemical product, with a wide range of uses, it is the intermediate in pesticide industry, and the manufacture of reactive dyes raw material, it can used as all kinds of organic industrial production additives, such as fluorescent brighteners , textiles shrink-proof agents, surface active agents, it is one of the materials used in the manufacture of defense explosives and rubber accelerator and it is also the material for the synthesis of drugs by the pesticide and pharmaceutical industry.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Tian Ye.
[production method]

Cyanuric chloride production process usually consists of two steps : chloride cyanogen polymerization and chloride cyanogen preparation . There are many ways to generate chloride cyanogen, such as the synthesis of methyl thiocyanate and chlorine, hydrocyanic acid is dissolved in chloroform and chlorine gas is put in to synthesize , hydrocyanic acid method, sodium cyanide, urea, hydrocyanic acid direct method of chlorine and cyanuric chloride and the like, the current production of industrial cyanuric chloride generally uses sodium cyanide and hydrocyanic acid as raw materials in two ways. 1. Sodium cyanide method : using sodium cyanide as raw materials after the reaction of chlorine and cyanuric chloride, it is polymerized to form cyanuric chloride, it is quenched,then after crystallization ,the product is obtained. Material consumption fixed: sodium cyanide 1073kg/t, chlorine 1700kg/t. 2. The method of hydrocyanic acid :with hydrocyanic acid as raw materials ,chloride cyanogen is produced by the reaction of chlorine, and then use polymerization to generate cyanuric chloride, quench, crystallize , the product is obtained. Material consumption fixed: hydrocyanic acid 500kg/t, chlorine 1200kg/t.
[Category]

corrosive substances
[Toxicity grading]

Middle toxic
[Acute toxicity]

Oral-rat LD50: 485 mg/kg; Oral-Mouse LD50: 350 mg/kg
[Irritation data]

skin-rabbit 500 mg/24 hours of moderate; Eyes-rabbit 0.05 mg/24 hours of severe
[Flammability and hazard characteristics]

When it contacts with water ,it emits toxic hydrogen chloride gas;when it is thermal it decomposes toxic hydrogen chloride gas
[Storage Characteristics]

Ventilated, low-temperature ,dry storeroom.it is stored separately from oxidants,and alkali.
[Extinguishing agent]

carbon dioxide, dry powder,sandy soil
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Cyanuric chloride(108-77-0)IR2
Cyanuric chloride(108-77-0)IR1
Cyanuric chloride(108-77-0)MS
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Cyanuric chloride, 99%(108-77-0)
[Alfa Aesar]

Cyanuric chloride, 98%(108-77-0)
[Sigma Aldrich]

108-77-0(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Cyanuric Chloride,>98.0%(T)(108-77-0)
108-77-0 suppliers list
Company Name: Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: +86 (0)571-855 867 18
Fax: +86 (0)571-858 647 95
Website: www.capotchem.com
Company Name: Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
Tel: +86 (0)592-605 1114
Fax:
Website: www.amoychem.com
Company Name: Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-21-51086038
Fax: 86-21-51861608
Website: www.chemwill.com
Company Name: Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-188-71490254
Fax:
Website: www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList31316/0.htm
Company Name: Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
Tel: 86-531-88032799
Fax: +86 531 8582 1093
Website: www.haihangindustry.com
Company Name: Anhui Royal Chemical Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-025-86736275
Fax:
Website: www.royal-chem.com
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-0592-6210733
Fax: +86-0592-6210733
Website: www.mainchem.com
Company Name: Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
Tel: +86-021-57951555
Fax: +86-021-57951555
Website: www.time-chemicals.com
Company Name: Dalian Richfortune Chemicals Co., Ltd
Tel: 86-411-84820922, 84821539
Fax: 86-411-84821380
Website: www.richfortunechem.com
Company Name: Beijing Tianyukanghong Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.  Gold
Tel:010-57794770
Fax:010-60593781
Website:www.tykhchem.com
Company Name: Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD  Gold
Tel:021-20337333/400-620-6333
Fax:021-50323701
Website:www.aladdin-e.com
Company Name: Shanghai QianYan Bio-technology Co., Ltd  Gold
Tel:400-887-6760
Fax:
Website:www.biochemsafebuy.com
Company Name: J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD.  
Tel:400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
Fax:+86-10-82849933
Website:www.jkchemical.com
Company Name: Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.  
Tel:+86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
Fax:+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing)
Website:www.meryer.com
Company Name: Alfa Aesar  
Tel:400-610-6006; 021-67582000
Fax:021-67582001/03/05
Website:www.alfachina.cn
Company Name: TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd.  
Tel:021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
Fax:021-67121385
Website:www.tcichemicals.com
Company Name: Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd.  
Tel:13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
Fax:86 (10) 60270825
Website:www.dtfchem.com
Company Name: Energy Chemical  
Tel:021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
Fax:021-58436166-800
Website:www.energy-chemical.com
Tags:108-77-0 Related Product Information
98-88-4 87-90-1 290-87-9 79-04-9 1668-54-8 7791-25-5 67-48-1 98-59-9 79-37-8 10043-52-4 7719-09-7 7447-40-7 9002-86-2 108-80-5 12125-02-9 57966-95-7 133-67-5 37640-57-6