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29883-15-6

29883-15-6 Structure

29883-15-6 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Amygdalin
[CAS]

29883-15-6
[Synonyms]

6-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDO-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE
AMYGDALIN
BENZENEACETONITRILE-[(6-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL)OXY]-, (R)-
D(-)-AMYGDALIN
D-AMYGDALIN
D-AMYGDALIN HYDRATE
D-MANDELONITRILE 6-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDO-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE
D-MANDELONITRILE 6-O-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDO-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE D-MANDELONITRILE BETA-GENTIOBIOSIDE
D-MANDELONITRILE-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDO-6-BETA-D-GLUCOSIDE
D-MANDELONITRILE-BETA-GENTIOBIOSIDE
GLUCOPRUNASIN
LAETRILE
MANDELONITRILE GENTIOBIOSIDE
(r)-alpha-((6-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)oxy)benzeneaceto
(r)-alpha-((6-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)oxy)benzeneacetonit
(r)-oxy)
(r)-y)
amygdaloside
benzeneacetonitrile,alpha-((6-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)
benzeneacetonitrile,alpha-((6-o-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-beta-d-glucopyranosyl)ox
[EINECS(EC#)]

249-925-3
[Molecular Formula]

C20H27NO11
[MDL Number]

MFCD00006598
[Molecular Weight]

457.43
[MOL File]

29883-15-6.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

WHITE FINE CRYSTALLINE POWDER
[mp ]

223-226 °C(lit.)
[alpha ]

-38.5 º (c=4, H2O)
[refractive index ]

-40 ° (C=2, H2O)
[solubility ]

H2O: 0.1 g/mL hot, clear to very faintly turbid, colorless
[Water Solubility ]

83 g/L (25 ºC)
[Merck ]

14,597
[BRN ]

66856
[CAS DataBase Reference]

29883-15-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

Xn
[Risk Statements ]

R22:Harmful if swallowed.
[Safety Statements ]

S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
[RIDADR ]

2811
[WGK Germany ]

3
[RTECS ]

OO8450000
[F ]

10-21
[HazardClass ]

6.1(b)
[PackingGroup ]

III
[HS Code ]

29389090
[Hazardous Substances Data]

29883-15-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Preparation Products]

Benzaldehyde-->Bitter almond oil
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

(R)-Laenitrile(29883-15-6).msds
Questions And AnswerBack Directory
[Uses and Synthetic Methods of Amygdalin]

Amygdalin is a β-cyano-glycoside in the bitter almond that is bound to cyano (CN), which releases free cyano groups after eating the bitter almond, so that the food is poisoned. Amygdalin is a product of the metabolism of phenylalanine in the bitter almond. Amygdalin has β-glucosidase and amygdalinase (oxynitrilase): the former catalyzed amygdalin into two molecules of glucose and one molecule of amygdalenone through hydrolysis; the later catalyzes mandelonitrile into almond nitrile cyanide (HCN) and benzaldehyde through hydrolysis. Amygdalin exists in seeds, such as almonds.
Many plant root cells contain glycosides, with no toxic effect when in sugar type. Glycosides hydrolysis produce toxic substances leading to cell death. Mandelic glycosides contained in peach root is a glycoside. Amylose hydrolysis produce two kinds of plant toxins-hydrogen cyanide and benzaldehyde. Peeling root lesion formation and necrosis occurred in the vicinity of the stabbed nematode but not in contact zone; in addition, in vitro tests have proved that the pratylenchus penetrans can make amygdalin hydrolysis.
As a cyanide containing glucoside, it can be used as a substrate for such as maltase, almond casein and β-glucosidase identification, differentiation and characterization.
[Category]

Toxic substances
[Toxicity classification]

Highly toxic
[Acute toxicity]

Acute toxicity Oral-Rat LD50: 522 mg/kg; Oral-mouse LD50: 443 mg/kg
[Flammability Hazardous properties]

Combustible; producing toxic nitrogen oxides when heated.
[Storage and transportation]

Ventilation, low temperature, drying
[Fire extinguishing agent]

Dry powder, foam, sand, carbon dioxide
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Amygdalin(29883-15-6)IR1
Amygdalin(29883-15-6)1HNMR
Amygdalin(29883-15-6)MS
Amygdalin(29883-15-6)IR2
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

D(-)-Amygdalin hydrate, 95%(29883-15-6)
[Alfa Aesar]

D-Amygdalin hydrate, 96%(29883-15-6)
[Sigma Aldrich]

29883-15-6(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Amygdalin,>97.0%(LC)(29883-15-6)
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