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Kupfersulfat Produkt Beschreibung

Copper(II) sulfate Struktur
7758-98-7
CAS-Nr.
7758-98-7
Bezeichnung:
Kupfersulfat
Englisch Name:
Copper(II) sulfate
Synonyma:
CuSO4;Kobasic;Tncs 53;Trinagle;Kilcop 53;Mackechnie;BLUE VITRIOL;Bluevirtriol;incracide10a;incracidee51
CBNumber:
CB7751862
Summenformel:
CuO4S
Molgewicht:
159.61
MOL-Datei:
7758-98-7.mol

Kupfersulfat Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
200 °C (dec.)(lit.)
Dichte
3.603 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
Dampfdruck
7.3 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
storage temp. 
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
Löslichkeit
H2O: soluble
Aggregatzustand
powder
Wichte
3.603
Farbe
Slightly greenish to gray
PH
3.5-4.5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Säure-Base-Indikators(pH-Indikatoren)
3.7 - 4.5
Wasserlöslichkeit
203 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,2653
Stabilität:
hygroscopic
InChIKey
ARUVKPQLZAKDPS-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS Datenbank
7758-98-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Cupric sulfate(7758-98-7)
EPA chemische Informationen
Cupric sulfate (7758-98-7)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher Xn,N,Xi
R-Sätze: 36/38-50/53-22-51/53-36/37/38
S-Sätze: 24/25-36-60-61-22-26
RIDADR  UN 3288 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS-Nr. GL8800000
3
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  2833 25 00
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
Giftige Stoffe Daten 7758-98-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxizität LD50 orally in Rabbit: 481 mg/kg
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Warnung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H302 Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken. Akute Toxizität oral Kategorie 4 Warnung P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Verursacht Hautreizungen. Hautreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Verursacht schwere Augenreizung. Schwere Augenreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H400 Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen. Kurzfristig (akut) gewässergefährdend Kategorie 1 Warnung P273, P391, P501
H410 Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen mit langfristiger Wirkung. Langfristig (chronisch) gewässergefährdend Kategorie 1 Warnung P273, P391, P501
Sicherheit
P273 Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden.
P321 Besondere Behandlung
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.
P332+P313 Bei Hautreizung: Ärztlichen Rat einholen/ärztliche Hilfe hinzuziehen.
P501 Inhalt/Behälter ... (Entsorgungsvorschriften vom Hersteller anzugeben) zuführen.

Kupfersulfat Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

ERSCHEINUNGSBILD

WEISSE HYGROSKOPISCHE KRISTALLE.

CHEMISCHE GEFAHREN

Reagiert sehr heftig mit Hydroxylamin unter Feuergefahr. Reagiert mit Magnesium unter Bildung brennbarer/explosionsfähiger Gase (z.B. Wasserstoff, ICSC-Nr. 0001). Greift Eisen und Zink in Anwesenheit von Wasser an.

ARBEITSPLATZGRENZWERTE

TLV: (als Cu) 1 mg/m?(als TWA); (ACGIH 2005).
MAK: (als Kupfer und seine anorganischen Verbindungen) 0,1 mg/m? (Einatembare Fraktion) Spitzenbegrenzung: überschreitungsfaktor II(2); Schwangerschaft: Gruppe C; (DFG 2006).

AUFNAHMEWEGE

Aufnahme in den Körper durch Inhalation des Aerosols und durch Verschlucken.

INHALATIONSGEFAHREN

Verdampfung bei 20°C vernachlässigbar; eine gesundheitsschädliche Partikelkonzentration in der Luft kann jedoch beim Dispergieren schnell erreicht werden, vor allem als Pulver.

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION

WIRKUNGEN BEI KURZZEITEXPOSITION:
Die Substanz reizt stark die Augen und die Haut. Das Aerosol reizt die Atemwege. ätzend beim Verschlucken. Beim Verschlucken sind Auswirkungen auf Blut, Nieren und Leber mit nachfolgender hämolytischer Anämie, Nierenschäden und Leberschädenmöglich.

WIRKUNGEN NACH WIEDERHOLTER ODER LANGZEITEXPOSITION

Risiko der Lungenschädigung bei wiederholter oder längerer Aerosol-Exposition. Beim Verschlucken sind Auswirkungen auf die Leber möglich.

LECKAGE

Verschüttetes Material in abdichtbaren Behältern sammeln; falls erforderlich durch Anfeuchten Staubentwicklung verhindern. An sicheren Ort bringen. Persönliche Schutzausrüstung: Atemschutzgerät, P2-Filter für schädliche Partikel. NICHT in die Umwelt gelangen lassen.

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R36/38:Reizt die Augen und die Haut.
R50/53:Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
R51/53:Giftig für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S24/25:Berührung mit den Augen und der Haut vermeiden.
S36:DE: Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung tragen.
S60:Dieses Produkt und sein Behälter sind als gefährlicher Abfall zu entsorgen.
S61:Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden. Besondere Anweisungen einholen/Sicherheitsdatenblatt zu Rate ziehen.
S22:Staub nicht einatmen.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Cupric sulfate, a bluish crystalline powder, also known as hydrocyanite and copper sulfate, vitriol, chalcanthite, and bluestone, is an azure blue material used in the It is used in the leather industry. It is prepared by the reaction of sulfuric acid and copper. It is also obtained as a by-product from copper refineries.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Copper sulfate (anhydrous form) is green or gray-white powder, whereas pentahydrate, the most commonly encountered salt, is bright blue. The anhydrous form occurs as a rare mineral known as chalcocyanite. Hydrated copper sulfate occurs in nature as chalcanthite. Copper sulfate is made by the action of sulfuric acid with a variety of copper compounds. Copper sulfate is used in hair dyes, coloring glass, processing of leather, textiles, and in pyrotechnics as a green colorant. Copper sulfate pentahydrate is used as a fungicide and a mixture with lime is called Bordeux mixture and is used to control fungus on grapes, melons, and other berries, as a molluscicide for the destruction of slugs and snails, particularly the snail host of the liver fl uke. Copper sulfate is used in Fehling and Benedict’s solution to test reducing sugars

Chemische Eigenschaften

Copper sulfate is a greenish-white crystalline solid; the pentahydrate is Blue powder or granules, or ultramarine crystalline solid.

Verwenden

Copper sulfate is also known as blue vitriol, this substance was made by the action of sulfuric acid on elemental copper. The bright-blue crystals are soluble in water and alcohol. Mixed with ammonia, copper sulfate was used in liquid filters. The most common application for copper sulfate was combining it with potassium bromide for making copper bromide bleach for intensification and toning. Some photographers used copper sulfate as a restrainer in ferrous sulfate developers that were used in the collodion process.

Verwenden

Copper Sulfate is a nutrient supplement and processing aid most often used in the pentahydrate form. This form occurs as large, deep blue or ultramarine, triclinic crystals, as blue granules, or as a light blue powder. The ingredient is prepared by the reaction of sulfuric acid with cupric oxide or with copper metal. May be used in infant formula. It is also termed cupric sulfate.

Verwenden

Used as an antimicrobial and molluscicide.

Definition

ChEBI: A metal sulfate compound having copper(2+) as the metal ion.

Definition

A compound prepared as the hydrate by the action of dilute sulfuric acid on copper( II) oxide or copper(II) carbonate. On crystallization, blue triclinic crystals of the pentahydrate (blue vitriol, CuSO4.5H2O) are formed. Industrially copper(II) sulfate is prepared by passing air through a hot mixture of dilute sulfuric acid and scrap copper. The solution formed is recycled until the concentration of the copper(II) sulfate is sufficient. Copper(II) sulfate is readily soluble in water. The monohydrate (CuSO4.H2O) is formed at 100°C and the anhydrous salt at 250°C. Anhydrous copper( II) sulfate is white; it is extremely hygroscopic and turns blue on absorption of water. It decomposes on heating to give copper(II) oxide and sulfur(VI) oxide.
Copper(II) sulfate is used as a wood preservative, a fungicide (in Bordeaux mixture), and in the dyeing and electroplating industries.

Allgemeine Beschreibung

A white or off-white solid. Melting point 200°C with decomposition. Non-combustible.

Air & Water Reaktionen

Soluble in water.

Reaktivität anzeigen

Anhydrous Cupric sulfate serves as a weak oxidizing agent. Causes hydroxylamine to ignite. Gains water readily. The hydrated salt is vigorously reduced by hydroxylamine [Mellor 8:292(1946-1947)]. Both forms are incompatible with finely powdered metals. Both are incompatible with magnesium, corrode steel and iron, may react with alkalis, phosphates, acetylene gas, hydrazine, or nitromethane, and may react with beta-naphthol, propylene glycol, sulphathiazole and triethanolamine if the pH exceeds 7 . Both act as acidic salts, corrode metals and irritate tissues.

Hazard

Toxic; highly irritant.

Health Hazard

Workers who accidentally ingest copper sulfate experience abdominal pain and cramps, burning sensation, corrosive effects, nausea, vomiting, loose bowel movement, and a metallic taste. Exposures to copper sulfate by ingestion or skin absorption cause severe irritating effects to the eyes and skin The aerosol is irritating to the respiratory tract, and effects on the blood, kidneys and liver result in hemolytic anemia, kidney impairment, liver impairment, and shock or collapse. At large doses, accidental intake of copper sulfate causes renal failure, comatose, and even death. Long-term exposure to copper sulfate may lead to liver damage, lung diseases, and decreased female fertility.

Health Hazard

INGESTION: copper sulfate may induce severe gastroenteric distress (vomiting, gastroenteric pain, and local corrosion and hemorrhages), prostration, anuria, hematuria, anemia, increase in white blood cells, icterus, coma, respiratory difficulties, and circulatory failure.

Landwirtschaftliche Anwendung

Fungicide, Algaecide, Bactericide, Herbicide, Molluscicide: Copper sulfate is a fungicide used to control bacterial and fungal diseases of fruit, vegetable, nut, and field crops. These diseases include mildew, leaf spots, blights, and apple scab. It is used as a protective fungicide (Bordeaux mixture) for leaf application and seed treatment. It is also used as an algaecide and herbicide, and to kill slugs and snails in irrigation and municipal water treatment systems. It has been used to control Dutch elm disease. It is available as a dust, wettable powder, or liquid concentrate. Used as a fungicide and algaecide, in veterinary medicine and others. Copper sulfate is also used todetect and to remove trace amounts of water from alcohols and organic compounds.

Industrielle Verwendung

Copper sulfate (CuSO4·5H2O) is widely used as an activator for sphalerite, pyrite, pyrrhotite and other sulfides during processing of base metal ores. During flotation of some silicate minerals, copper sulfate is used as depressant, e.g. zirconium.
In manufacturing copper sulfate, sulfuric acid and scrap copper metal are used. The process is based on the oxidation of metal and dissolution with H2SO4 according to the following reaction:
4Cu + O2 = 2Cu2O Cu2O + H2SO4 = CuSO4 + H2O 2Cu2SO4 + 2H2SO4 + O2 = 4CuSO4 + 2H2O Usually, in mineral processing applications, copper sulfate is delivered in crystal form.

Handelsname

AGRITOX®; BASICOP®; BCS COPPER FUNGICIDE®; BSC FLOWABLE®[C]; COPSIN®; CP BASIC SULFATE®; CUPROFIX®; FUNGI-SPERSE II[C]; SULTRACOB®; TNCS® 53; TRIANGLE®

Sicherheitsprofil

A human poison by ingestion. An experimental poison by ingestion, subcutaneous, parenteral, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: gastritis, Qarrhea, nausea or vomiting, damage to kidney tubules, and hemolysis. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. Reacts violently with hydroxylamine, magnesium. See also COPPER COMPOUNDS and SULFATES. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx

mögliche Exposition

Copper sulfate is used as intermediate and wood preservative; also used in production of copper compounds; to detect and to remove trace amounts of water from alcohols and organic compounds; as a fungicide and algicide; in veterinary medicine and others.

Lager

Workers should keep copper sulfate stored in a cool, dry area with suffi cient ventilation. It should be kept away from alkalis, magnesium, ammonia, acetylene, and sodium hypobromite.

Versand/Shipping

UN3288 Toxic solids, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

läuterung methode

After adding 0.02g of KOH to a litre of nearly saturated aqueous solution of the sulfate, it is left for two weeks, then the precipitate is filtered on to a fibreglass filter with pore diameter of 5-15 microns. The filtrate is heated to 90o and allowed to evaporate until some CuSO4.5H2O crystallises out. The solution is then filtered hot and cooled rapidly to give crystals which are freed from mother liquor by filtering under suction [Geballe & Giauque J Am Chem Soc 74 3513 1952]. Alternatively crystallise the sulfate from water (0.6mL/g) between 100o and 0o. The pentahydrate is slowly efflorescent, losing 2H2O at 30o, two more H2O are lost at 110o and a white anhydrous powder (dessicant) is obtained on heating above 250o.

Inkompatibilitäten

Aqueous solution is an acid. May form explosive materials on contact with acetylene and nitromethane. Incompatible with strong bases; hydroxylamine, magnesium; zirconium, sodium hypobromite, hydrazine.

Waste disposal

Copper-containing soluble wastes can be concentrated through the use of ion exchange, reverse osmosis, or evaporators to the point where copper can be electrolytically removed and sent to a reclaiming firm. If recovery is not feasible, the copper can be precipitated through the use of caustics and the sludge deposited in a chemical waste landfill Add soda ash to waste CuSO4 solution; let stand 24 hours. Decant and neutralize solution before flushing to sewer. Landfill sludge.

Vorsichtsmaßnahmen

During handling and use of copper sulfate, students and occupational workers should wear safety glasses and should not breathe the material in powder form. Copper sulfate is an environmental pollutant and must be carefully incorporated when used in its varied applications. Workers should wear protective clothing, goggles, impermeable gloves, and rubber boots to avoid skin contact

Kupfersulfat Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Kupfersulfat Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

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7758-98-7(Kupfersulfat)Verwandte Suche:


  • Coppersulfateanhydrousgreenpowder
  • COPPER SULPHATE (FEED GRADE)
  • Copper(II)sulfateanhydrous,98%
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, for analysis, 98+%
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, pure, 98%
  • Copper(II) sulfate anhydrous, extra pure, Ph Eur, USP, BP
  • "Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous/ 97+%"
  • Copper(II) sulfate,Cupric sulfate
  • Fehling’s reagent (A)
  • Copper(II) sulfate solution 4
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, for analysis, 98+% 100GR
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, pure, 98% 100GR
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, pure, 98% 500GR
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, pure, 98% 5GR
  • COPPER SULPHATE CRYSTALS/ FINE POWDER
  • Copper(Ⅱ) sulfate anhydrous
  • COPPER(II) SULFATE SOLUTION 0,1 MOL/L, 0 ,1 M VOLUMETRIC SOLUTION
  • COPPER(II) SULFATE ANHYDROUS, EXTRA PURE , DAB, PH. EUR., B. P., U. S. P.
  • COPPER(II) SULFATE, REAGENTPLUS TM, >= 99%
  • Copper sulfate standard solution 0.2 mol/l, volumetric solution
  • FEHLINGS REAGENS I FOR SUGARS
  • FEHLING'S SOLUTION FOR THE DETER-MINATIO N OF SUGAR, REAG. PH. EUR. I. COPPER SU
  • Copper(II) sulfate, anhydrous, powder, 99.99+% metals basis
  • COPPER(II) SULPHATE SOLUTION 13% &
  • COPPER(II) SULFATE 9 WT. % ON NEUTRAL &
  • CUPRIC SULFATE STD SOLUTION 0.2 MOL/L N54, 1 L
  • CupricSulphateAnhydrousGr
  • Copper(Ii)SulphateAnhydrousBp
  • CopperSulphateDried
  • Copper(Ii)SulphateA.R.
  • COPPER(II) SULFATE ANHYDROUS FOR ANALYSI
  • Copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate, 98.0-102%
  • Copper(II) sulfate anhydrous, powder, >=99.99% trace Metals basis
  • Copper(II) sulfate puriss. p.a., anhydrous, >=99.0% (RT)
  • Copper(II) sulfate puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, anhydrous, 99-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)
  • Copper(II) sulfate ReagentPlus(R), >=99%
  • Copper(II) sulfate solution 4 % (w/v) (prepared from copper (II) sulfate pentahydrate)
  • FEHLING'S REAGENT, SOLUTION A (CONCENTR
  • BLUE VITRIOL
  • FEHLING'S SOLUTION
  • FEHLING'S SOLUTION A
  • FEHLINGS SOLUTION, COPPER A
  • FEHLING'S SOLUTION NO 1
  • FEHLING'S REAGENT SOLUTION(A)
  • FEHLING'S REAGENT I
  • FEHLING'S REAGENT I FOR SUGARS
  • FEHLING A SOLUTION
  • FEHLING SOLUTION B
  • FEHLING SOLUTION B, ALKALINE
  • FEHLING-SOXHLET SOLUTION A (COPPER)
  • FEHLING'S ALKALINE SOLUTION
  • FEHLING'S COPPER SOLUTION
  • FEHLING SOLUTION A
  • FEHLING SOLUTION A, COPPER
  • FISHERTAB TT-35 KJELDAHL TABLETS
  • FISHERTAB TT-43 KJELDAHL TABLETS
  • FISHERTAB TT-50 KJELDAHL TABLETS
  • FISHERTAB TT-57 KJELDAHL TABLETS
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