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Silver chloride

Physical Properties Uses Preparation
Silver chloride
Silver chloride
Chemical Name:
Silver chloride
AgCl;Chlorosilver;Silver chlorid;SILVER CHLORIDE;Silver(Ⅰ)Chloride;silvermonochloride;SILVER (I) CHLORIDE;Silver monochloride;Silver chloride 99+;SILVER CHLORIDE PURE
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Silver chloride Properties

Melting point:
455 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
1550 °C
vapor pressure 
1 mm Hg ( 912 °C)
refractive index 
Flash point:
storage temp. 
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
Water Solubility 
1.93 mg/L (25 ºC)
Light Sensitive
Stable, but discolours in light.
CAS DataBase Reference
7783-90-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Silver chloride(7783-90-6)
EPA Substance Registry System
Silver chloride (AgCl)(7783-90-6)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  N
Risk Statements  50/53-50
Safety Statements  24/25-61-60
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  VW3563000
HazardClass  9
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H290 May be corrosive to metals Corrosive to Metals Category 1 Warning P234, P390, P404
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H401 Toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 2 P273, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
Precautionary statements:
P234 Keep only in original container.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P406 Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

Silver chloride price More Price(32)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.19203 Silver chloride 99+ 7783-90-6 1EA $297 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.19203 Silver chloride 99+ 7783-90-6 2EA $892 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 010857 Silver chloride, Premion?, 99.997% (metals basis) 7783-90-6 5g $48.8 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 010857 Silver chloride, Premion?, 99.997% (metals basis) 7783-90-6 25g $151 2018-11-16 Buy
Strem Chemicals 93-4707 Silver chloride (99.9%-Ag) 7783-90-6 50g $180 2018-11-13 Buy

Silver chloride Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Physical Properties

White granular powder or cubic crystals; refractive index 2.071; darkens on exposure to light; density 5.56 g/cm3; Moh’s hardness 2.5; melts at 455°C; vaporizes at 1,547°C; vapor pressure 1 and 5 torr at 912 and 1,019°C; insoluble in water, alcohol and dilute acids; soluble in ammonia solution and concentrated sulfuric acid, alkali cyanide, ammonium carbonate; also soluble in potassium bromide and sodium thiosulfate solutions.


Silver chloride is used in silver plating and to obtain pure silver. The salt also finds applications in photography and optics; in photochromic glass; and in electrodes and batteries. It is used to make antiseptic silver solution. It occurs as the mineral cerargyrite.


Silver chloride is prepared by slowly adding an alkali metal chloride solution to a hot solution of silver nitrate. The solution mixture is boiled:
Ag+ (aq) + Cl¯ (aq) → AgCl (s)
The precipitate is washed with hot water. The product is purified by dissolving in ammonia solution, filtering out any insoluble residues, and then adding hydrochloric acid to reprecipitate silver chloride. Preparation should be carried out in the dark in ruby red light.

Chemical Properties

Silver chloride, AgCl, is a white,granular powder that darkens on exposure to light,finally turning black.It exists in several modifications differing in behavior toward light and solubility in various solvents. Soluble in ammonium hydroxide, concentrated sulfuric acid, and sodium thiosulfate and potassium bromide solutions, very slightly soluble in water, can be melted, cast, and fabricated like a metal. Derived by heating a silver nitrate solution and adding hydrochloric acid or salt solution. The whole is boiled, then filtered. This must take place in the dark or under a ruby-red light. Used in photography,photometry and optics, batteries, photochromic glass,silver plating,production of pure silver, and as an antiseptic. Single crystals are used for infrared absorption cells and lens elements and as a lab reagent


In silver plating, in making antiseptic silver preparations.

Purification Methods

Recrystallise it from conc NH3 solution by acidifying with HCl, filtering off the solid, washing it with H2O and drying it in a vacuum. It is soluble in NH3 and should be kept in the dark.

Silver chloride Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Silver chloride Suppliers

Global( 158)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 22119 58
Shanghai Bojing Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-21-37127788 CHINA 500 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20795 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32764 55
Shandong XiYa Chemical Industry Co., Ltd 4008-626-111
0539-6365991 China 26884 60
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) China 40399 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 China 15940 69
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 China 30308 84
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 China 14687 55

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