- CAS No.
- Chemical Name:
- hfc-227ea;R227ea;R227;HFC-227;HEPTAFLUOROPROPANE;FM-200;Apaflurane;2-hydroheptafluoropropane;Propane, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-;R 227ea
- Molecular Formula:
- Molecular Weight:
- MDL Number:
- MOL File:
- MSDS File:
|refractive index||1.2747 (estimate)|
|solubility||Soluble 1 in 1725 parts of water at 20°C.|
|Stability||Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alkali metals|
|CAS DataBase Reference||431-89-0(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|EWG's Food Scores||1|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane(431-89-0)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||HFC-227ea (431-89-0)|
1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane Chemical Properties,Uses,Production
Heptafluoropropane is a liquefied gas and exists as a liquid at room temperature when contained under its own vapor pressure, or as a gas when exposed to room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The liquid is practically odorless and colorless. The gas in high concentration has a faint etherlike odor. Heptafluoropropane is noncorrosive, nonirritating, and nonflammable.
HFC 227ea is being developed as a CFC replacement in refrigerants, high temperature heat pumps, air-conditioning systems; as a fire suppressant; and for pharmaceutical aerosols and metered-dose inhalers.
Flammability and Explosibility
Heptafluoropropane is classified as a hydrofluorocarbon
(HFC) aerosol propellant since the molecule consists only of carbon,
fluorine, and hydrogen atoms. It does not contain any chlorine and
consequently does not affect the ozone layer, nor does it have an
effect upon global warming. It is therefore considered as an
alternative propellant to CFCs for metered-dose inhalers (MDIs).
While some of its physical and chemical properties are known, little
has been published in regard to its use as a replacement for CFCs in
The vapor pressure of heptafluoropropane is somewhat lower than that of tetrafluoroethane and dichlorodifluoromethane but considerably higher than the vapor pressure used to formulate most MDIs.
When heptafluoropropane is used for pharmaceutical aerosols and MDIs, the pharmaceutical grade must be specified. Industrial grades may not be suitable due to their impurity profile. Similarly to tetrafluoroethane, heptafluoropropane is not a good solvent for medicinal agents or for the commonly used surfactants and dispersing agents used in the formulation of MDIs.
There are several MDIs formulated with this propellant worldwide that contain a steroid as the active ingredient.
Heptafluoropropane is used as a fire extinguisher and is applicable as a non-CFC propellant in various metered-dose inhalers. Heptafluoropropane is regarded as nontoxic and nonirritating when used as directed. No acute or chronic hazard is present when it is used normally. Inhaling high concentrations of heptafluoropropane vapors can be harmful and is similar to inhaling vapors of other propellants. Deliberate inhalation of vapors of heptafluoropropane can be dangerous and may cause death. The same labeling required of CFC aerosols would be required for those containing heptafluoropropane as a propellant (except for the EPA requirement).
Heptafluoropropane is a nonreactive and stable material. The liquefied gas is stable when used as a propellant and should be stored in a metal cylinder in a cool, dry place.
1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane Preparation Products And Raw materials