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タンニン酸

タンニン酸 化学構造式
1401-55-4
CAS番号.
1401-55-4
化学名:
タンニン酸
别名:
クエルタニル;タナフェンP500;F-タンニン;ウエイブル;ビタニルB;タナル1;ブリュウタン;タンニン酸X;ガロタンニン酸;ブレウタン;タンニン酸KT;ビタニルIM;ボンドタイト645;タンニン酸;タンニン;タネックスRS93;ハイフィックスSLA;フロクタン1;コラタンGT100;ハイフィックスSL
英語化学名:
Tannic acid
英語别名:
tannic;Tannins;Brewtan;sweetgum;Glycerite;Quebracho;Vitanil B;Taic acid;Brewtan SI;acid,tannic
CBNumber:
CB3116328
化学式:
C76H52O46
分子量:
1701.2
MOL File:
1401-55-4.mol

タンニン酸 物理性質

融点 :
218 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
862.78°C (rough estimate)
比重(密度) :
1.2965 (rough estimate)
屈折率 :
1.7040 (estimate)
FEMA :
3042 | TANNIC ACID (QUERCUS SPP.)
闪点 :
198°C
貯蔵温度 :
Storage temperature: no restrictions.
溶解性:
ethanol: soluble100mg/mL, yellow to brown
外見 :
Powder/Solid
色:
Yellow to light brown
PH:
3.5 (100g/l, H2O, 20°C)
水溶解度 :
250 g/L (20 ºC)
Sensitive :
Air & Light Sensitive
Merck :
14,9052
BRN :
8186396
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with metallic salts, strong oxidizing agents, iron and other heavy metals.
InChIKey:
LRBQNJMCXXYXIU-PPKXGCFTSA-N
EPAの化学物質情報:
Tannins(1401-55-4)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xi,Xn
Rフレーズ  40-62-63-68-36/37/38-52/53
Sフレーズ  24/25-36-26-36/37/39-22-61
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 WW5075000
自然発火温度 980 °F
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  32019090
有毒物質データの 1401-55-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き

タンニン酸 価格 もっと(43)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ALF036410
Tannic acid, ACS
1401-55-4 100g ¥9300 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ALF036410
Tannic acid, ACS
1401-55-4 500g ¥32300 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 20242-1A タンニン酸
Tannic acid
1401-55-4 1kg ¥16300 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 20242-2A タンニン酸
Tannic acid
1401-55-4 5g ¥7200 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 16201 タンニン酸 puriss., meets analytical specification of USP, powder
Tannic acid puriss., meets analytical specification of USP, powder
1401-55-4 100g ¥8600 2018-12-25 購入

タンニン酸 MSDS


Glycerite

タンニン酸 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色〜うすい褐色, 粉末

定義

本品は、有機酸の混合物であり、主として次の化学式で表される化合物からなる。

溶解性

水、エタノール及びアセトンに極めて溶けやすく、エーテル及びクロロホルムにほとんど溶けない。水に易溶。エタノールに可溶。エーテルに不溶。

用途

インキ製造、印刷・写真、医薬原料

化粧品の成分用途

パーマネント.ウェーブ用還元剤、収れん剤、酸化防止剤、香料

効能

収斂薬

化学的特性

Tannic acid, C14H10O9, also known as digallic acid, tannin, and gallotannin, is a yellowish powder that decomposes at 210°C (410°F). Tannic acid is derived from nutgalls. It is soluble in water and alcohol,and is insoluble in acetone and ether. Tannic acid is used in tanning,textiles, and as an alcohol denaturant. An amorphous form of tannic acid, also known as pentadigalloylglucose, exists with the formula C76H52O46. It is a yellowish to brownish powder that is very soluble in alcohol and ether.It also decomposes between 210 and 215°C (410 and 419 °F). This form is used to clarify wine or beer, as a reagent,and as a mordant in dyeing.

化学的特性

Quebracho, an evergreen tree 15 to 18 m (49 to 59 ft) tall, grows abundantly throughout South America (Argentina, in particular). The Argentine variety is characterized by its bright-red bark, rich in tannin, used for dyeing. The part used is the bark (from either the trunk or branches). Quebracho is tonic, aromatic.

化学的特性

Tannic acid or hydrolysable gallotannin is a complex polyphenolic organic structure that yields gallic acid and either glucose or quinic acid as hydrolysis products. Tannic acid is odorless or has a faint, characteristic odor and an astringent taste.

天然物の起源

Reported found in Quercus oliver and related species; Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa); and various sumac species, including Rhus semialata, R. coriaria, R. glabra and R. typhia.

使用

nonspecific enzyme/receptor blocker

使用

Clarifying agent; pH control

使用

Tannic Acid is a sequestrant that refers to a mixture of hydrolyzable tannins of a more complex structure than gallic acid. it is used in clarifying beer and wine. see tannins.

使用

Tannic acids are phenolic compounds that have several hydrolyzable groups. They are classified as (a) hydrolyzable, yielding phenols such as gallic acid in the presence of acid and heat; and (b) condensed, obtained from the extract of oak trees and not hydrolyzable. Tannic acids are used for taste and chemical properties and as a sequestrant. They affect the color and flavor of fruits and vegetables. They are used in fruits, wine, and beer to remove undesirable material by forming insoluble complexes with the proteins.

使用

Tannic acid is a powder extracted from gall nuts that is soluble in water but less so in alcohol. Tannic acid was used by Major Russell in the mid-1850s for the tannin process of preparing dry collodion plates. The collodion plate was coated and sensitized as usual but the excess silver was then washed completely from the surface. A solution of tannic acid was then poured on and off the plate and the collodion film allowed to dry completely in the dark. The tannin plate could be preserved for months prior to exposure. The exposed plate was developed in pyrogallic acid, citric acid, and silver nitrate to replace that which was washed off during the initial preparation. The exposures required for tannin plates were as much as five times longer than wet collodion plates, which made them suitable only for landscape work.

定義

tannic acid: A yellowish complexorganic compound present in certainplants. It is used in dyeing as a mordant.

定義

ChEBI: A gallotannin obtained by acylation of the five hydroxy groups of D-glucose by 3,4-dihydroxy-5-[(3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoyl)oxy]benzoic acid (a gallic acid dimer).

製造方法

Tannic acid is obtained by solvent extraction from the nutgalls or the excrescences that form on the young twigs of Quercus olivier and allied species of Quercus L.; from the seed pods of Tara (Caesalpinia spinosa); or from the nutgalls of various sumac species, including Rhus semialata, R. coriaria, R. glabra and R. typhia.

Composition

Main constituents include three crystalline alkaloids—aspidospermine, quebrachine and quebrachamine (chemically identical to yohimbine)—responsible for the tonic and antispasmodic physiological action. A. quebrachoblanco bark contains 0.3 to 1.5% alkaloids (aspidospermine 30%, quebrachine 10%, deacetylaspidospermine 5%, aspidospermatidine 3%, 1-methylaspidospermatidine 0.5%, quebrachimine and quebrachit). Leaves contain rhazinilam (lactam).

一般的な説明

Light yellow to tan solid with a faint odor. Sinks and mixes with water.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble. Gradually darkens on exposure to air and/or light

反応プロフィール

Glycerite decomposes at 210° to carbon dioxide and pyrogallol, which can form irritating vapors [USCG, 1999]. Incompatible with salts of heavy metals, alkaloids, gelatin, albumin, starch, oxidizing substances-e.g., permanganates, chlorates; lime water [Merck].

危険性

Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Questionable carcinogen.

健康ハザード

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat, coughing, and sneezing. Ingestion may cause gastric disturbance. Contact with eyes causes irritation.

火災危険

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Decomposes at 210° to carbon dioxide and pyrogallol, which can form irritating vapors.

工業用途

Quebracho is the most common tannic acid derivative widely used in flotation. The main phenolic nuclei present in Quebracho are resorcinol/phloroglucinol and catechol/pyrogallol.
Quebracho is commercially available in the following three forms: (a) standard Quebracho, a direct hot-water extract from the heart-wood with adjusted pH (Qu–O), (b) sulfited Quebracho, in which sulfonic acid groups have been introduced (Qu–S) and (c) aminated Quebracho (Qu–A), where amine groups are introduced to ordinary Quebracho, rendering the polymer amphoteric (iso-electric point at pH 7). Each of these types of Quebracho has a different depressing effect.

抗がん研究

Tannins, an astringent organic compound, are toxic to many microorganisms due toinhibition of oxidative phosphorylation (Scalbert 1991). It is responsible for thepuckering feeling in the human mouth following the consumption of unripe fruits ortea (Vidal et al. 2004). Pomegranates (Punica granatum) have been widely studiedfor their potent antioxidants, which include ellegitannin, elegiac acid, and punicalagin,which are commonly known for their anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects oncolon cancer cell lines (Seeram et al. 2005). Herbs such as cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)can also play important role in preventing and treating some cancers.Cervical, breast, prostate, and oesophageal cancer cells were killed within 24 h afterthe application of clove oil (Dwivedi et al. 2011). It was also found effective in treatinglung cancer by means of in situ cell proliferation (Banerjee et al. 2006). Tarragon(Artemisia dracunculus) extract is indicated as cytotoxic to breast cancer thoughregulation of certain proteins that induce apoptosis (Obolskiy et al. 2011). Tarragonalso contains potent compounds such as sakuranetin and 6-methoxycapilliarisin thatappear to have anticancer effects on oesophageal cancer by inducing DNA damagein the cancerous cells (Hong and Ying 2015). Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) has beenused since ancient times, and some studies have shown it to have a cytotoxic effectto colorectal cancer cell lines (Prakash and Gupta 2014; Al-Snafi 2016). Thyme(Thymus vulgaris) essential oil has been claimed to demonstrate cytotoxic activity on head and neck squamous cell carcinomas by interrupting reproduction at the transcriptionallevel of cancer cells, with effects such as interfering in N-glycan biosynthesisand extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 signalling (Sertel et al. 2011).Cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp.) is most commonly known as culinary spice, yet it isalso used for its medicinal properties in treating gastrointestinal sickness. Cinnamonbark extract was evaluated for anticancer ability, and it was found to induce apoptosisin HepG2 cells (liver cancer cells) after 24 h at certain dosages (Varalakshmiet al. 2014). An extract of cinnamon, 2′-hydroxycinnamaldehyde, shows severalantitumour effects on oral cancer cell lines; this is demonstrated by anti-proliferativeactivity of apoptotic cells and inhibition of tumour mass growth (Kim et al. 2010).

安全性プロファイル

Poison by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

タンニン酸 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


タンニン酸 生産企業

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1401-55-4(タンニン酸)キーワード:


  • 1401-55-4
  • Tannic acid 1401-55-4 Gallotannin
  • Gallotannic acid 1401-55-4 Tannic acid
  • TANNIC ACID PWD
  • Tannic acid Source: Chinese natural gall nuts
  • Tannic acid tested according to Ph.Eur.
  • Tannic acid Vetec(TM) reagent grade
  • Tannic Acid(Pharmaceutical/Tech/Dyes/Food Grade)
  • Tannic acid 1kg
  • Penta-(n-digalloyl)glucose
  • TANNIC ACID POWDER, EXTRA PURE, U. S
  • Tannic acidACS reagent, ≥ 95% (Assay)
  • Tannic Acid, Meets analytical specification of USP
  • TERRI PODS GALLOTANNIN
  • abcolgambier
  • abcolmimosame
  • abcolquebracho
  • TannicAcidGr
  • TannicAcidPowderPure
  • TannicAcidC76H52O46
  • TANNIC ACID REAGENT (ACS)
  • TANNICACID,FCC
  • TANNICACID,POWDER,REAGENT,ACS
  • TANNICACID,TECHNICAL,(70%TANNIN)(BULK
  • FOOD GRADE TANNIC ACID
  • TANNIC ACID (FOOD GRADE)
  • TANNIC ACID (TECHNICAL GRADE)
  • TANNIN(TANNIC ACID)(RG)
  • TANNICACID(INDUSTRIAL)
  • TANNIC POWDER
  • Gallotannic acid
  • クエルタニル
  • タナフェンP500
  • F-タンニン
  • ウエイブル
  • ビタニルB
  • タナル1
  • ブリュウタン
  • タンニン酸X
  • ガロタンニン酸
  • ブレウタン
  • タンニン酸KT
  • ビタニルIM
  • ボンドタイト645
  • タンニン酸
  • タンニン
  • タネックスRS93
  • ハイフィックスSLA
  • フロクタン1
  • コラタンGT100
  • ハイフィックスSL
  • カキタフ
  • フロクタン3
  • サンライフTN
  • ボンドタイト345
  • テクスタン3
  • レックスソドP
  • タンニン酸AL
  • アルボールロック20
  • タンニン酸 (AS)
  • タンニン(タンニン酸)
  • タンニン酸, ACS
  • タンニン酸 (JP17)
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