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エチルベンゼン 化学構造式
エチルベンゼン;エチルベンゼン (1mg/mlメタノール溶液) [水質分析用];エチルベンゼン CRM4021-A;エチルベンゼン標準品;エチルベンゼン CRM4021‐A;エチルベンゼン PURISS. P.A.,≥99.0% (GC);エチルベンゼン REAGENTPLUS,99%;フェニルエタン;エチルベンゼン 溶液;エチルベンゼン溶液;エチルベンゼン, 0.2 mg/mL in MeOH;エチルベンゼン, 99%
EB;ET2O;ETHER;NSC 406903;NCI-C56393;Ethylenzee;ethylenzene;ETHYL OXIDE;Ethylbenzol;Etilbenzene
MOL File:

エチルベンゼン 物理性質

融点 :
−95 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
136 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
0.867 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
3.7 (vs air)
28.69 psi ( 55 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.495(lit.)
闪点 :
72 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Store below +30°C.
外見 :
Relative polarity:
臭い (Odor):
臭気閾値(Odor Threshold):
爆発限界(explosive limit):
水溶解度 :
0.0206 g/100 mL
凝固点 :
Merck :
Henry's Law Constant:
13.9(x 10-3 atm?m3/mol) at 45.00 °C, 15.1 at 50.00 °C, 17.1 at 55.00 °C, 20.1 at 60.00 °C, 20.9 at 65.00 °C, 22.7 at 70.00 °C, 34.3 at 80.00 °C (static headspace-GC, Park et al., 2004)
TLV-TWA 100 ppm (~433 mg/m3) (ACGIH, NIOSH, MSHA, and OSHA); STEL 125 ppm (541 mg/m3) (ACGIH); IDLH 2000 ppm (NIOSH).
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents. Flammable.
CAS データベース:
100-41-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
2B (Vol. 77) 2000
Ethylbenzene (100-41-4)
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  F+,Xn,Xi,F,T
Rフレーズ  63-11-20/22-36/38-40-48/20-65-20-48/20/22-38-22-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-2017/11/20
Sフレーズ  9-16-29-33-24/25-36/37-36-45-36/37/39-26-23-53-7-24-62
RIDADR  UN 1175 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 KI5775000
自然発火温度 810 °F
HSコード  2902 60 00
国連危険物分類  3
容器等級  II
有毒物質データの 100-41-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in rats: 5.46 g/kg (Smyth)
消防法 危険物第4類第二石油類(非水溶性)
化審法 (3)-28, (3)-60 優先評価化学物質
安衛法 特化則 特定化学物質(特別有機溶剤等)
PRTR法 第一種指定化学物質
注意喚起語 Danger
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H304 飲み込んで気道に侵入すると生命に危険のおそ れ 吸引性呼吸器有害性 1 危険
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H320 眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2B 警告 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H331 吸入すると有毒 急性毒性、吸入 3 危険 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 吸入すると有害 急性毒性、吸入 4 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 生殖能または胎児への悪影響のおそれ 生殖毒性 1A, 1B 危険
H361 生殖能または胎児への悪影響のおそれの疑い 生殖毒性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H371 臓器の障害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H372 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P370+P378 火災の場合:消火に...を使用すること。
P403+P233 換気の良い場所で保管すること。容器を密閉 しておくこと。
P403+P235 換気の良い場所で保管すること。涼しいところに 置くこと。

エチルベンゼン 価格 もっと(63)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSM-502-35 エチルベンゼン
Ethylbenzene, 0.2 mg/mL in MeOH
100-41-4 1mL ¥3700 2021-03-23 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01CHDASB-00005337 エチルベンゼン
100-41-4 1g ¥7400 2020-09-21 購入
東京化成工業 E0064 エチルベンゼン >99.0%(GC)
Ethylbenzene >99.0%(GC)
100-41-4 25mL ¥1600 2021-03-23 購入
東京化成工業 E0064 エチルベンゼン >99.0%(GC)
Ethylbenzene >99.0%(GC)
100-41-4 500mL ¥2500 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 11808-3A エチルベンゼン
100-41-4 25mL ¥3100 2021-03-23 購入

エチルベンゼン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法




水に難溶 (0.015g/100ml水, 20℃) , エタノール, エーテルに可溶。




スチレンモノマー合成原料,有機合成原料,塗料?インキ?接着剤溶剤、NITE初期リスク評価書;スチレン原料,有機合成原料、SRI:CHEMICAL ECONOMICS HANDBOOK;スチレンモノマー原料,有機合成原料,溶剤,ラッカーの希釈剤、化学工業日報社


Ethylbenzene is a colorless liquid. Pungent aromatic odor. The Odor Threshold is 0.0920.60 ppm


Clear, colorless liquid with a sweet, gasoline-like odor. At 40 °C, the average odor threshold concentration and the lowest concentration at which an odor was detected were 550 and 150 μg/L, respectively. Similarly, at 25 °C, the average taste threshold concentration and the lowest concentration at which a taste was detected were 780 and 390 μg/L, respectively (Young et al., 1996). The average least detectable odor threshold concentrations in water at 60 °C and in air at 40 °C were 2.4 and 72 μg/L, respectively (Alexander et al., 1982). Cometto-Mu?iz and Cain (1994) reported an average nasal pungency threshold concentration of 10,100 ppmv.


Has apparently not been reported to occur in nature.


Primarily used in the production of styrene; also used as an industrial solvent, as a constituent of asphalt and naptha, and as an antiknock agent in aviation and motor fuels


Ethylbenzene is used as a solvent and as anintermediate to produce styrene monomer.


Ethylbenzene is almost exclusively (> 99%) used as an intermediate for the production of styrene monomer. Less than 1 % of the ethylbenzene produced is used as a paint solvent or as an intermediate for the production of diethylbenzene and acetophenone (IARC 2000).
Ethylbenzene is a constituent (15-20%) of commercial xylene (“mixed xylenes”), and hence used as a component of solvents, as a diluent in paints and lacquers, and as a solvent in the rubber and chemical manufacturing industries (WHO 1996).
Ethylbenzene has been added to motor and aviation fuels because of its anti-knock properties. Estimates of ethylbenzene in gasoline have ranged from <1-2.7%. (IARC 2000).


ethylbenzene: A colourless flammableliquid, C6H5C2H5; r.d. 0.867;m.p. –95°C; b.p. 136°C. It is madefrom ethene and ethybenzene by aFriedel–Crafts reaction and is usedin making phenylethene (for polystyrene).


By Friedel-Crafts reaction on benzene, ethylbromide and aluminium chloride (Arc tander, 1969).
Ethylbenzene is manufactured by alkylation from benzene and ethylene.


Ethylbenzene is produced by alkylation of benzene with ethylene, except for a very small fraction that is recovered from mixed C8 aromatics by superfractionation. The reaction takes place on acidic catalysts and can be carried out either in the liquid or vapor phase.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Chemistry Letters, 12, p. 909, 1983
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 85, p. 2768, 1963 DOI: 10.1021/ja00901a021
Tetrahedron Letters, 11, p. 4401, 1970


A clear colorless liquid with an aromatic odor. Flash point 59°F. Less dense than water (at 7.2 lb / gal) and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors heavier than air. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals.


Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.


Ethylenzene can react vigorously with strong oxidizing materials .


Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; irritant to skin and eyes. Flammable, dangerous fire risk. Possible carcinogen.


The acute toxicity of Ethylbenzene is low.At high concentrations its exposure producesnarcotic effects similar to benzene andtoluene. A 4-hour exposure to a concentrationof 4000 ppm proved fatal to rats. The lethaldose varies with species. Deaths resulted fromintense congestion and edema of the lungs.
Other than the narcotic effects, Ethylbenzeneexhibits irritant properties that are somewhatgreater than those of benzene or toluene.It is an irritant to the skin, eyes, and nose.Repeated contact with the liquid may causereddening of the skin and blistering. Thevapors at 200 ppm may cause mild irritationof the eyes in humans, which may becomesevere and lacrimating at 2000–3000 ppm.
The oral toxicity in animals was foundto be low to very low. An LD50 value of3500 mg/kg for rats has been documented(NIOSH 1986). No adverse effects werenoted in animals subjected to chronic inhalationexposure at below 400 ppm. At higherdosages only the liver was affected (ACGIH1986). Ethylbenzene is eliminated from thebody by metabolic excretion. The urinarymetabolites in humans are mainly mandelicacid, C6H5CH(OH)COOH, and benzoylformicacid, C6H5COCOOH.


Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.


Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation and skin contact. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by inhalation: eye, sleep, and pulmonary changes. An eye and skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. The liquid is an irritant to the skin and mucous membranes. A concentration of 0.1% of the vapor in air is an irritant to human eyes, and a concentration of 0.2% is extremely irritating at first, then causes dizziness, irritation of the nose and throat, and a sense of constriction in the chest. Exposure of guinea pigs to 1% concentration has been reported as causing ataxia, loss of consciousness, tremor of the extremities, and finally death through respiratory failure. The pathological findings were congestion of the brain and lungs with edema. A very dangerous fire and explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. Emitted from modern budding materials (CENEAR 69,22,91). When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.


Ethylbenzene is used in styrene manufacture and in synthesis of p-nitroacetophenone; in the manufacture of cellulose acetate, and synthetic rubber. It is also used as a solvent or diluent; and as a component of automotive and aviation gasoline. Significant quantities of EB are present in mixed xylenes. These are used as dilatants in the paint industry, in agricultural sprays for insecticides and in gasoline blends (which may contain as much as 20% EB). In light of the large quantities of EB produced and the diversity of products in which it is found, there may exist environmental sources for ethylbenzene, e.g., vaporization during solvent use; pyrolysis of gasoline and emitted vapors at filling stations. Groups of individuals who are exposed to EB to the greatest extent and could represent potential pools for the expression of EB toxicity include: (1) individuals in commercial situations where petroleum products or by-products are manufactured e.g., rubber or plastics industry); (2) individuals residing in areas with high atmospheric smog generated by motor vehicle emissions


Detected in distilled water-soluble fractions of 87 octane gasoline (2.38 mg/L), 94 octane gasoline (7.42 mg/L), Gasohol (3.54 mg/L), No. 2 fuel oil (0.21 mg/L), jet fuel A (0.41 mg/L), diesel fuel (0.17 mg/L), military jet fuel JP-4 (1.57 mg/L) (Potter, 1996), new motor oil (0.15 to 0.17 μg/L), and used motor oil (117 to 124 μg/L) (Chen et al., 1994). The average volume percent and estimated mole fraction in American Petroleum Institute PS-6 gasoline are 1.570 and 0.017, respectively (Poulsen et al., 1992). Diesel fuel obtained from a service station in Schlieren, Switzerland contained ethylbenzene at a concentration of 690 mg/L (Schluep et al., 2001). Kaplan et al. (1996) determined ethylbenzene concentrations in four different grades of gasolines. Average ethylbenzene concentrations were 9.1 g/L in regular unleaded gasoline, 8.0 g/L in leaded gasoline, 9.3 g/L in unleaded plus gasoline, and 10.1 g/L in Super unleaded gasoline. Thomas and Delfino (1991) equilibrated contaminant-free groundwater collected from Gainesville, FL with individual fractions of three individual petroleum products at 24–25 °C for 24 h. The aqueous phase was analyzed for organic compounds via U.S. EPA approved test method 602. Average ethylbenzene concentrations reported in water-soluble fractions of unleaded gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel were 2.025, 0.314, and 0.104 mg/L, respectively. When the authors analyzed the aqueous-phase via U.S. EPA approved test method 610, average ethylbenzene concentrations in water-soluble fractions of unleaded gasoline, kerosene, and diesel fuel were lower, i.e., 1.423, 0.171, and 0.079 mg/L, respectively.
Schauer et al. (1999) reported ethylbenzene in a diesel-powered medium-duty truck exhaust at an emission rate of 470 μg/km. California Phase II reformulated gasoline contained ethylbenzene at a concentration of 12,800 mg/kg. Gas-phase tailpipe emission rates from gasoline-powered automobiles with and without catalytic converters were 4.18 and 434.0 mg/km, respectively (Schauer et al., 2002).
Detected in 1-yr aged coal tar film and bulk coal tar at concentrations of 350 and 2,100 mg/kg, respectively (Nelson et al., 1996). A high-temperature coal tar contained ethylbenzene at an average concentration of 0.02 wt % (McNeil, 1983).
Identified as one of 140 volatile constituents in used soybean oils collected from a processing plant that fried various beef, chicken, and veal products (Takeoka et al., 1996).
Schauer et al. (2001) measured organic compound emission rates for volatile organic compounds, gas-phase semi-volatile organic compounds, and particle-phase organic compounds from the residential (fireplace) combustion of pine, oak, and eucalyptus. The gas-phase emission rate of ethylbenzene was 22.9 mg/kg of pine burned. Emission rates of ethylbenzene were not measured during the combustion of oak and eucalyptus.


Biological. Phenylacetic acid was reported to be the biooxidation product of ethylbenzene by Nocardia sp. in soil using n-hexadecane or n-octadecane as the substrate. In addition, Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b was reported to metabolize ethylbenzene to 2- and 3- hydroxybenzaldehyde with methane as the substrate (Keck et al., 1989). Ethylbenzene was oxidized by a strain of Micrococcus cerificans to phenylacetic acid (Pitter and Chudoba, 1990). A culture of Nocardia tartaricans ATCC 31190, growing in a hexadecane medium, oxidized ethylbenzene to 1-phenethanol, which oxidized to acetophenone (Cox and Goldsmith, 1979). When ethylbenzene (5 mg/L) was statically incubated in the dark at 25 °C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum, complete biodegradation with rapid acclimation was observed after 7 d. At a concentration of 10 mg/L, significant degradation occurred with gradual adaptation. Percent losses of 69, 78, 87, and 100 were obtained after 7, 14, 21, and 28-d incubation periods, respectively (Tabak et al., 1981). Olsen and Davis (1990) reported a first-order degradation rate constant of 0.07/yr and a half-life of 37 d.
Surface Water. The evaporation half-life of ethylbenzene in surface water (1 m depth) at 25 °C is estimated to be from 5 to 6 h (Mackay and Leinonen, 1975). Estimated half-lives of ethylbenzene (3.3 μg/L) from an experimental marine mesocosm during the spring (8–16 °C), summer (20–22 °C), and winter (3–7 °C) were 20, 2.1, and 13 d, respectively (Wakeham et al., 1983).
Photolytic. Irradiation of ethylbenzene (λ <2537 ?) at low temperatures will form hydrogen, styrene, and free radicals (Calvert and Pitts, 1966).
Chemical/Physical. Complete combustion in air yields carbon dioxide and water vapor. Ethylbenzene will not hydrolyze in water (Kollig, 1993).


The main oxidation of ethyl benzene occurs at the activated α-methylene group to yield methylphenylcarbinol which is also the precursor of hippuric and mandelic acids. Both optical isomers of methylphenylcarbinol are formed, probably in equal amounts, and these have been isolated from the urine of rabbits as the corresponding glucuronides. The two optical forms of mandelic acid have also been found (Williams, 1959).


UN1175 Ethylbenzene, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

Toxicity evaluation

Ethylbenzene acts by a variety of toxic mechanisms in affected tissues/organs. Acute CNS depressive or narcotic effects occur nonspecifically and likely result from unmetabolized ethylbenzene’s disruption of neuronal membranes. Ototoxicity also appears to result from unmetabolized ethylbenzene damage to hair cells of the cochlea. Both of these toxicities are relevant to humans. Other ethylbenzene toxicities appear to be linked to metabolism or metabolites, and hence, differences are expected between laboratory animals and humans. Induction of cytochrome P450E1 is postulated to contribute to liver changes in mice and kidney changes in rats. Rat kidney toxicity is demonstrated to be associated with alpha-2u-globulin nephropathy and exacerbation of chronic progressive nephropathy, conditions that are not relevant to human health. Lung toxicity is postulated to arise from mouse specific lung enzyme (cytochrome P450F2) metabolism to cytotoxic metabolite(s) and associated chronic cell proliferation in lung target cells.


Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids,oxoacids, and epoxides. Attacks plastics and rubber. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors.


Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed

エチルベンゼン 上流と下流の製品情報



エチルベンゼン 生産企業

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  • 100-41-4
  • Ethylbenzene, 99.5%, SpcDry, Water≤50 ppM (by K.F.), SpcSeal
  • Ethyl Ether Anhydrous, Stabilized
  • Ethylbenzene in Dimethyl Sulfoxide, USP 467 Standard
  • Ethylbenzene, 99.8%
  • ET2O
  • ETHYL ETHER 1000
  • ethylenzene
  • Ethylbenzene 1
  • Ethylbenzene, 99.5%, with Molecular sieves, SpcDry, Water≤50 ppM (by K.F.), SpcSeal
  • NSC 406903
  • ethyl-Benzene Phenylethane aethylbenzol
  • AKOS BBS-00004368
  • a.-Methyltoluene
  • Aethylbenzol
  • alpha-Methyltoluene
  • Benzene, ethyl-
  • benzene,ethyl-
  • EB
  • Ethylbenzeen
  • ethyl-benzen
  • Ethylbenzol
  • エチルベンゼン
  • エチルベンゼン (1mg/mlメタノール溶液) [水質分析用]
  • エチルベンゼン CRM4021-A
  • エチルベンゼン標準品
  • エチルベンゼン CRM4021‐A
  • エチルベンゼン PURISS. P.A.,≥99.0% (GC)
  • エチルベンゼン REAGENTPLUS,99%
  • フェニルエタン
  • エチルベンゼン 溶液
  • エチルベンゼン溶液
  • エチルベンゼン, 0.2 mg/mL in MeOH
  • エチルベンゼン, 99%
  • 標準溶液 (VOC)
  • 分析化学
  • 水中および土壌中の揮発性有機化合物分析用標準溶液
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