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ヘキサクロロエタン

ヘキサクロロエタン 化学構造式
67-72-1
CAS番号.
67-72-1
化学名:
ヘキサクロロエタン
别名:
ヘキサクロロエタン;六塩化エタン;ディストピン;1,1,1,2,2,2-ヘキサクロロエタン;ディストパン;ファルキトール;アブロタン;ペルクロロエタン;ファスシオリン;エギトール;モッテンヘキス;ディストカル;フェノヘプ;パークロロエタン;六化エタン;ヘキサクロロエタン(六塩化エタン);ヘキサクロロエタン STANDARD;ヘキサクロロエタン Standard, 100 µg/mL in MeOH;ヘキサクロロエタン Standard, 1000 µg/mL in MeOH
英語化学名:
Hexachloroethane
英語别名:
C2Cl6;Egitol;Fron110;NA 9037;CCl3CCl3;Distokal;Distopan;Distopin;Falkitol;Phenohep
CBNumber:
CB5182855
化学式:
C2Cl6
分子量:
236.74
MOL File:
67-72-1.mol

ヘキサクロロエタン 物理性質

融点 :
184 °C
沸点 :
186℃
比重(密度) :
2.091 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
8.16 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
0.4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
1.5282 (estimate)
闪点 :
9℃
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
Soluble in alcohol, benzene, chloroform, ether
外見 :
Crystals or Crystalline Powder
色:
White
水溶解度 :
0.05 g/L (22 ºC)
Merck :
14,4679
BRN :
1740341
Henry's Law Constant:
1.43, 2.81, and 5.31 at 10, 20, and 30 °C, respectively (Munz and Roberts, 1987)
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 10 ppm (~100 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 1 ppm (MSHA and OSHA), Lowest Feasi ble Limit (NIOSH); carcinogenicity: Animal Limited Evidence (IARC).
安定性::
Stable. Non-combustible. May react with hot metals, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS データベース:
67-72-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Ethane, hexachloro-(67-72-1)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn,N,T,F
Rフレーズ  40-51/53-36/37/38-39/23/24/25-36/38-23/24/25-11-50/53-52/53
Sフレーズ  36/37-61-45-36/37/39-26-24-16-7-37/39
RIDADR  UN 9037
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 KI4025000
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  9
容器等級  III
HSコード  29031990
有毒物質データの 67-72-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 MLD i.v. in dogs: 325 mg/kg (Barsoum, Saad)
化審法 (2)-57
安衛法 57,57-2
PRTR法 第二種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H320 眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2B 警告 P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H350 発がんのおそれ 発がん性 1A, 1B 危険
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H401 水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 2 P273, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P202 全ての安全注意を読み理解するまで取り扱わないこ と。
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P264 取扱い後は皮膚をよく洗うこと。
P264 取扱い後は手や顔をよく洗うこと。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P281 指定された個人用保護具を使用すること。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P311 医師に連絡すること。
P501 内容物/容器を...に廃棄すること。

ヘキサクロロエタン 価格 もっと(17)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSAPP-9-115 ヘキサクロロエタン Standard
Hexachloroethane Standard, 100 ug/mL in MeOH
67-72-1 1mL ¥4400 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSAS-E0011 ヘキサクロロエタン Standard
Hexachloroethane Standard, 1000 ug/mL in MeOH
67-72-1 1mL ¥11800 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 H0060 ヘキサクロロエタン >99.0%(GC)
Hexachloroethane >99.0%(GC)
67-72-1 25g ¥1600 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 H0060 ヘキサクロロエタン >99.0%(GC)
Hexachloroethane >99.0%(GC)
67-72-1 100g ¥2800 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 14854-1A ヘキサクロロエタン(六塩化エタン)
Hexachloroethane
67-72-1 1kg ¥15300 2018-12-13 購入

ヘキサクロロエタン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色~ほとんど白色, 結晶~結晶性粉末

溶解性

アルコール, ベンゼン, クロロホルム, エーテルに易溶。水に不溶。エタノール及びアセトンに溶けやすく、水にほとんど溶けない。

用途

農薬(殺虫剤、防虫剤)、有機合成原料、アルミニウム鋳物脱ガス剤、脱酸剤。

用途

発煙筒用発煙剤、花火、家畜駆虫剤、アルミニウム鋳物脱ガス、脱酸剤(アルミニウム、マグネシウム、銅及びこれらの合金に用いられる)、切削油添加剤、塩化ビニル可塑助剤、エッチングガス

化学的特性

white crystalline powder

化学的特性

Hexachloroethane is a white solid with a camphor-like odor. It gradually evaporates when it is exposed to air.

物理的性質

Rhombic, triclinic or cubic, colorless crystals with a camphor-like odor. Odor threshold concentration is 0.15 ppm (quoted, Amoore and Hautala, 1983).

使用

Hexachloroethane is used as a solvent, infireworks and smoke devices; in explosives,in celluloid, as an insecticide, and as a rubbervulcanizing accelerator. Earlier it was used asan anthelmintic for livestock.

使用

The applications of hexachloroethane have been extensive; however, industrial uses are diminishing. Hexachloroethane is used primarily in military smoke munitions (e.g., smoke pots, grenades, cartridges, and projectiles used to generate “smoke” or “fog”) and in pyrotechnics.
The estimated average annual use of hexachloroethane from 1966 to 1977 at a major facility manufacturing smoke and pyrotechnic devices was 192,802 lb. In the 1970s, about half of the hexachloroethane distributed was used to manufacture military smoke-producing and pyrotechnic devices, 30% to 40% to manufacture degassing pellets to remove air bubbles from molten ore at aluminum foundries, and 10% to 20% as an antihelminthic to control liver flukes in sheep and cattle. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration withdrew approval for the use of hexachloroethane as an antihelminthic in 1971, and it probably is no longer used for this purpose (ATSDR 1997). Its use for degassing aluminum also has been almost completely phased out in the United States (EPA 1999). Other uses in metallurgy include refining alloys, removing impurities from molten metals, recovering metals from ores or smelting products, and as a degassing agent for magnesium; however, the European Union began phasing out the use of hexachloroethane in nonferrous metals in 1998 (EC 1998).
A number of other past uses of hexachloroethane have been identified, but many of these likely have been discontinued or involve the use of only limited quantities. Hexachloroethane is used as a laboratory chemical and as an ingredient in various fungicidal and insecticidal formulations, extreme-pressure lubricants, and plastics (ATSDR 1997, IARC 1999, HSDB 2009). Other past uses include as a moth repellent and in the chemical industry as a polymer additive, a plasticizer for cellulose esters, an accelerator, a vulcanizing agent, a process solvent in rubber manufacturing, a retardant in fermentation processes, and a component of submarine paints, and in the production of some types of synthetic diamonds. It has also been used as a component of fire-extinguishing fluids, an additive in combustible liquids (ignition suppressant), and an inhibitor of the explosiveness of methane and the combustion of ammonium perchlorate (IARC 1979, 1999, HSDB 2009).

使用

In metallurgy for refining aluminum alloys, removing impurities from molten metals, recovering metal from ores or smelting products. Degassing agent for magnesium; to inhibit explosiveness of methane and combustion of ammonium perchlorate. Smoke generator in grenades; in pyrotechnics. Ignition suppressant, in fire extinguishing fluids, polymer additive, flame-proofing agent, vulcanizing agent. In production of synthetic diamonds.

定義

ChEBI: A member of the class of chloroethanes that is ethane in which all the hydrogens are replaced by chloro groups.

一般的な説明

Hexachloroethane is a colorless, crystalline solid with a camphor-like odor. Hexachloroethane may cause illness from inhalation or ingestion and may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. When heated to high temperatures Hexachloroethane may emit toxic fumes. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Hexachloroethane is used to make other chemicals.

空気と水の反応

Insoluble in water.

反応プロフィール

Hexachloroethane can react with hot iron, zinc and aluminum. Dehalogenation of Hexachloroethane by reaction with alkalis and metals will produce unstable chloroacetylenes. Hexachloroethane can also react with strong oxidizing agents. .

危険性

Toxic by ingestion and inhalation, strong irritant, absorbed by skin. Possible carcinogen.

健康ハザード

Compound is a powerful narcotic and liver poison; may also cause changes in blood composition and neurological disturbances. Repeated exposure by inhalation can be fatal. Ingestion causes vomiting, diarrhea, severe mucosal injury, liver necrosis, cyanosis, unconsciousness, loss of reflexes, and death. Contact with eyes causes irritation and lachrymation. Can be absorbed through the skin and may produce severe skin lesions.

健康ハザード

Vapors of hexachloroethane are an irritant tothe eyes and mucous membranes. Oral dosesof 1000 mg/kg produced weakness, stagger ing gait, and twitching muscles in dogs.Rabbits fed 1000 mg/kg for 12 days devel oped necrosis; a lower amount, 320 mg/kg,caused liver degeneration; no effects wereobserved at a dose level of 100 mg/kg(Weeks 1979).
Acute inhalation toxicity is of a loworder in animals. Subacute toxic effectsin dogs exposed to 260-ppm vapors ofhexachloroethane for 6 hours per day, 5days a week for 6 weeks were tremors,ataxia, hypersalivation, head bobbling, andfacial muscular fasciculations (Weeks 1979).The lethal concentration in rats is 5900 ppmfrom an 8-hour exposure.
LD50 value, oral (rats): 4460 mg/kg
Tests for mutagenicity and teratogenic ity were negative. The carcinogenic poten tial of hexachloroethane was noted in testanimals only at extremely heavy dosagesgiven continuously for a long period of time(ACGIH 1986). It caused liver tumors inmice.

火災危険

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating hydrogen chloride vapor may form in fire.

職業ばく露

In the US, about half the HCE is used by the military for smoke-producing devices. It is also used to remove air bubbles in melted aluminum. It may be present as an ingredient in some fungicides, insecticides, lubricants, and plastics. It is no longer made in the United States, but it is formed as a by-product in the production of some chemicals. Can be formed by incinerators when mate rials containing chlorinated hydrocarbons are burned. Some HCE can also be formed when chlorine reacts with carbon compounds in drinking water. As a medicinal, HCE is used as an anthelmintic to treat fascioliasis in sheep and cattle. It is also added to the feed of ruminants, preventing metha nogenesis and increasing feed efficiency. HCE is used in metal and alloy production, mainly in refining aluminum alloys. It is also used for removing impurities from molten metals, recovering metals from ores or smelting products and improving the quality of various metals and alloys. HCE is contained in pyrotechnics. It inhibits the explosive ness of methane and the combustion of ammonium perchlo rate. Smoke containing HCE is used to extinguish fires. HCE has various applications as a polymer additive. It has flameproofing qualities, increases sensitivity to radiation crosslinking, and is used as a vulcanizing agent. Added to polymer fibers, HCE acts as a swelling agent and increases affinity for dyes.

Carcinogenicity

Hexachloroethane is reasonably anticipated to be ogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicit a human carciny from studies in experimental animals.

環境運命予測

Biological. Under aerobic conditions or in experimental systems containing mixed cultures, hexachloroethane was reported to degrade to tetrachloroethane (Vogel et al., 1987). In an uninhibited anoxic-sediment water suspension, hexachloroethane degraded to tetrachloroethylene. The reported half-life for this transformation was 19.7 min (Jafvert and Wolfe, 1987). When hexachloroethane (5 and 10 mg/L) was statically incubated in the dark at 25 °C with yeast extract and settled domestic wastewater inoculum for 7 d, 100% biodegradation with rapid adaptation was observed (Tabak et al., 1981).
Photolytic. When an aqueous solution containing hexachloroethane was photooxidized by UV light at 90–95 °C, 25, 50, and 75% degraded to carbon dioxide after 25.2, 93.7, and 172.0 h, respectively (Knoevenagel and Himmelreich, 1976).
Chemical/Physical. The reported hydrolysis half-life at 25 °C and pH 7 is 1.8 x 109 yr (Jeffers et al., 1989). No hydrolysis was observed after 13 d at 85 °C and pH values of 3, 7, and 11 (Ellington et al., 1987). Similarly, no measureable hydrolysis was observed under neutral and alkaline conditions (Jeffers and Wolfe, 1996).

輸送方法

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

純化方法

Steam distil it, then crystallise it from 95% EtOH. Dry it in the dark under vacuum. [Beilstein 1 IV 148.]

不和合性

Incompatible with strong acids, oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from strong bases.

廃棄物の処理

Incineration after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids pro duced. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must con form to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

法令条例

Department of Transportation (DOT)
Hexachloroethane is considered a hazardous substance, and special requirements have been set for transporting hexachloroethane in tank cars.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Clean Air Act
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Listed as a hazardous air pollutant. New Source Performance Standards: Manufacture of hexachloroethane is subject to certain provisions for the control of volatile organic compound emissions.
Clean Water Act
Effluent Guidelines: Listed as a toxic pollutant. Water Quality Criteria: Based on fish and shellfish and water consumption = 1.4 μg/L; based on fish and shellfish consumption only = 3.3 μg/L.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Reportable quantity (RQ) = 100 lb.
Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act
Toxics Release Inventory: Listed substance subject to reporting requirements.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Characteristic Hazardous Waste: Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) threshold = 3.0 mg/L. Listed Hazardous Waste: Waste codes for which the listing is based wholly or partly on the presence of hexachloroethane = U131, F024, F025, K016, K030, K073. Listed as a hazardous constituent of waste.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
While this section accurately identifies OSHA’s legally enforceable PELs for this substance in 2010, specific PELs may not reflect the more current studies and may not adequately protect workers. Permissible exposure limit (PEL) = 1 ppm (10 mg/m3).

ヘキサクロロエタン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


ヘキサクロロエタン 生産企業

Global( 166)Suppliers
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67-72-1(ヘキサクロロエタン)キーワード:


  • 67-72-1
  • HEXACHLOROETHANE pure
  • Hexachloroethane, extra pure
  • Hexachloroethane 5g [67-72-1]
  • Hexachloroethane,Perchloroethane
  • Hexachloroethane, 99% 2.5KG
  • Hexachloroethane, Standard for GC, >=99.5% (GC)
  • 1,1,1,2,2,2-Hexachloroethane
  • Avlothane
  • C2Cl6
  • caswellno.479
  • CCl3CCl3
  • Distokal
  • Distopan
  • Hexachloroetha
  • Distopin
  • Egitol
  • epapesticidechemicalcode045201
  • Ethane hexachloride
  • Ethane,hexachloro-
  • ethanehexachloride
  • Ethylene hexachloride
  • ethylenehexachloride
  • Falkitol
  • Fron110
  • Hexachlor-aethan
  • Hexachlorethan
  • Hexachlorethane
  • hexachloro-ethan
  • Hexachloroethylene
  • Hexachlorαthan(kubischeForm)
  • ヘキサクロロエタン
  • 六塩化エタン
  • ディストピン
  • 1,1,1,2,2,2-ヘキサクロロエタン
  • ディストパン
  • ファルキトール
  • アブロタン
  • ペルクロロエタン
  • ファスシオリン
  • エギトール
  • モッテンヘキス
  • ディストカル
  • フェノヘプ
  • パークロロエタン
  • 六化エタン
  • ヘキサクロロエタン(六塩化エタン)
  • ヘキサクロロエタン STANDARD
  • ヘキサクロロエタン Standard, 100 µg/mL in MeOH
  • ヘキサクロロエタン Standard, 1000 µg/mL in MeOH
  • 汚染物質
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