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水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液)

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 化学構造式
71-55-6
CAS番号.
71-55-6
化学名:
水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液)
别名:
1,1,1-トリクロロエタン;水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液);1,1,1-トリクロロエタン標準原液;メチルクロロホルム;1,1,1トリクロロエタン;1,1,1, - トリクロロエタン (メチルクロロホルム)およびその異性体、ただし1,1,2 -トリクロロエタンを除く;1,1,1-トリクロルエタン;1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mLメタノール溶液) [水質分析用];1,1,1‐トリクロロエタン標準原液;1,1,1-トリクロロエタン 溶液
英語化学名:
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
英語别名:
cf2;CF 2;f140a;R140a;Ethana;R-140a;alpha-T;baltana;Cut aid;hcc140a
CBNumber:
CB3701849
化学式:
C2H3Cl3
分子量:
133.4
MOL File:
71-55-6.mol

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 物理性質

融点 :
−35 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
74-76 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.336 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
4.6 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
100 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
屈折率 :
n20/D 1.4366(lit.)
闪点 :
11 °C
貯蔵温度 :
0-6°C
溶解性:
Sparingly soluble in ethyl alcohol; freely soluble in carbon disulfide, benzene, ethyl ether, methanol, carbon tetrachloride (U.S. EPA, 1985), and many other organic solvents.
外見 :
Fluid
水溶解度 :
1.4 g/L (20 ºc)
Merck :
13,9710
Henry's Law Constant:
2.77 at 40 °C, 4.27 at 50 °C, 6.31 at 60 °C, 7.91 at 70 °C, 8.98 at 80 °C (headspace-GC, Vane et al., 2001)
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 350 ppm (~1900 mg/m3) (ACGIH, MSHA, and OSHA); TLV-STEL 450 ppm (~2450 mg/m3) (ACGIH); IDLH 1000 ppm (NIOSH).
InChIKey:
UOCLXMDMGBRAIB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
71-55-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Ethane, 1,1,1-trichloro-(71-55-6)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Ethane, 1,1,1-trichloro-(71-55-6)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn,N,T,F
Rフレーズ  20-59-66-40-19-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11-36/38
Sフレーズ  24/25-59-61-9-46-16-45-36/37-7-26
RIDADR  UN 2831 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 KJ2975000
国連危険物分類  6.1(b)
容器等級  III
HSコード  29031910
有毒物質データの 71-55-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 Acute oral LD50 for dogs 750 mg/kg, guinea pigs 9,470 mg/kg, mice 11,240 mg/kg, rats 10,300 mg/kg, rabbits 5,660 mg/kg (quoted, RTECS, 1985).
消防法 危-4-AL-S-II
化審法 一般化学物質
安衛法 有機溶剤中毒予防規則:第2種有機溶剤,57,57-2
PRTR法 第1種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H420 オゾン層を破壊し、健康及び環境に有害 オゾン層への有害性 1 警告 P502
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P311 医師に連絡すること。
P502 オゾン層への有害性

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 価格 もっと(4)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 41040-96 1,1,1‐トリクロロエタン標準原液
1,1,1‐Trichloroethane standard stock solution
71-55-6 2mL×5 ¥6000 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 40010-U 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン 溶液 certified reference material, 5000?μg/mL in methanol
1,1,1-Trichloroethane solution certified reference material, 5000?μg/mL in methanol
71-55-6 40010-u ¥20600 2018-12-25 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 1601226 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン 溶液 United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Residual Solvent Class 1 - 1,1,1-Trichloroethane United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
71-55-6 3x1.2ml ¥71100 2018-12-25 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 48614 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン 溶液 certified reference material, 200?μg/mL in methanol
1,1,1-Trichloroethane solution certified reference material, 200?μg/mL in methanol
71-55-6 48614 ¥16200 2018-12-25 購入

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) MSDS


Methylchloroform

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

用途

製造用剤

化学的特性

colourless liquid with a mild ether-like odour. Insoluble in water; soluble in alcohol and ether. Nonflammable.

化学的特性

1,1,1-Trichloroethane is a colorless liquid. It has an odor similar to chloroform. The Odor Threshold is 120 ppm (NJ) or 400 ppm (NY).

物理的性質

Colorless, watery liquid with a dusty, sooty or polish-type odor similar to chloroform. At 40 °C, the average odor threshold concentration and the lowest concentration at which an odor was detected were 20,000 and 2,200 μg/L, respectively. At 25 °C, the lowest concentration at which a taste was detected was 1,500 μg/L, respectively (Young et al., 1996). The average least detectable odor threshold concentrations in water at 60 °C and in air at 40 °C were 0.47 and 0.32 mg/L, respectively (Alexander et al., 1982).

使用

1,1,1-Trichloroethane is used as a cleaningsolvent for cleaning metals and plastic molds.

使用

Solvent for cleaning precision instruments, metal degreasing, pesticide, textile processing.

定義

ChEBI: A member of the class of chloroethanes carrying three chloro substituents at position 1.

一般的な説明

A colorless liquid with a sweet, pleasant odor. May irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. In high concentrations the vapors may have a narcotic effect. Nonflammable, but may decompose and emit toxic chloride fumes if exposed to high temperatures. Used as a solvent.

空気と水の反応

Insoluble in water. Absorbs some water.

反応プロフィール

1,1,1-Trichloroethane decomposes in the presence of chemically active metals. This includes aluminum, magnesium and their alloys. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane will react violently with dinitrogen tetraoxide, oxygen, liquid oxygen, sodium and sodium-potassium alloys. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane will also react violently with acetone, zinc and nitrates. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane can react with sodium hydroxide. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane is incompatible with strong oxidizers and strong bases. Mixtures with potassium or its alloys are shock-sensitive and may explode on light impact. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane can react with an aqueous suspension of calcium hydroxide, and with chlorine in sunlight. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. Upon contact with hot metal or on exposure to ultraviolet radiation, 1,1,1-Trichloroethane will decompose to form irritant gases. A cobalt/molybdenum-alumina catalyst will generate a substantial exotherm on contact with its vapor at ambient temperatures. Hazardous reactions also occur with (aluminum oxide + heavy metals). .

健康ハザード

INHALATION: symptoms range from loss of equilibrium and incoordination to loss of consciousness; high concentration can be fatal due to simple asphyxiation combined with loss of consciousness. INGESTION: produces effects similar to inhalation and may cause some feeling of nausea. EYES: slightly irritating and lachrymatory. SKIN: defatting action may cause dermatitis.

健康ハザード

The oral and inhalation toxicity of 1,1,1-trichloroethane is of low order in animalsand humans. It is an anesthetic at highconcentrations. Exposure to its vapors at a1.5% concentration in air may be lethal tohumans. Death may result from anesthesiaand/or cardiac sensitization. Prolonged skincontact may cause defatting and reddeningof eyes. Vapors are irritant to the eyes andmucous membranes.
The acute oral toxicity is low in testanimals. The oral LD50 values in rabbitsand guinea pigs are 5660 and 9470 mg/kg,respectively (NIOSH 1986). The carcino genicity of this compound in animals andhumans is not known.

火災危険

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating gases are generated in fires.

工業用途

Methyl chloroform is a versitile, all purpose solvent, popular with industry because of its powerful cleaning properties, low flammability, and low relative toxicity. It was introduced in the mid 1950s as a cold cleaning solvent substitute for carbon tetrachloride. Today, methyl chloroform is used primarily for vapor degreasing and cold cleaning of fabricated metal parts and other materials. The chemical also is used in fluoropolymer synthesis, as a solvent in adhesive and aerosol formulations, for the production of certain coatings and inks, for a variety of textile applications, and for dry cleaning leather and suede garments. Methyl chloroform is a member of a family of saturated aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons.
Metal vapor degreasing is an important process in industrial manufacture, used to remove oils and oil-borne soils (i.e., chips, metal fines, and fluxes) from objects that have been stamped, machined, welded, soldered, molded, or diecast. Vapor degreased parts vary from tiny transistors to aircraft and spacecraft assemblies.
Methyl chloroform is an excellent solvent for the cold (room temperature) cleaning of a wide variety of manufacturing equipment and products including yarns, threads, finished cloth, reinforced fiberglass, plastics, and common and exotic metals. The solvent removes most greases, oils, lubricants, waxes, adhesives, inks, fluxes, paints, stamping and drawing compounds, tars, and other soils.
The main reasons for the use of methyl chloroform in formulations for urethane and neoprene/phenolic contact adhesives, mastics, sealants, and natural rubber tire repair cements are its ability to substantially reduce flammability, its nonphotochemical reactivity, and the favorable characteristics of the resulting adhesive formulation.
The main applications of methyl chloroform in the electronics industry are in circuit board fabrication, where it is used to develop dry film photoresist, and in the semiconductor industry where it is used for secondary cleaning.
Methyl chloroform serves as a raw material for the manufacture of polyvinylidene fluoride fluoropolymer. It also can be used as a raw material for the production of certain hydrochlorofluorocarbons having relatively short atmospheric residence times.
In the coatings manufacturing industry, methyl chloroform is used as a solvent in the formulation of protective and decorative coatings and as a thinner to reduce the viscosity of high-solid content coatings for spray application. The chemical also can be used in the production of rotogravure and flexographic inks. In addition to the above uses, methyl chloroform is used to dry clean leather and suede products and to clean motion picture film.

接触アレルゲン

Trichloroethane is a solvent that has wide applications in industry, such as for cold type metal cleaning and in cleaning plastic molds. It is mainly an irritant, but can also provoke allergic contact dermatitis.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, inhalation, skin contact, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: conjunctiva irritation, hallucinations or distorted perceptions, motor activity changes, irritability, aggression, hypermotility, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting and other gastrointestinal changes. Experimental reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen. Mutation data reported. A human skin irritant. An experimental skin and severe eye irritant. Narcotic in high concentrations. Causes a proarrhythmic activity that sensitizes the heart to epinephrine-induced arrhythmias. This sometimes will cause cardlac arrest, particularly when this material is massively inhaled as in drug abuse for euphoria.
Under the proper conditions it can undergo hazardous reactions with aluminum oxide + heavy metals, dinitrogen tetraoxide, inhbitors, metals (e.g., magnesium, aluminum, potassium, potassium-sodium alloy), sodium hydroxide, N2O4, oxygen. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. Used as a cleaning solvent, as a chemical intermediate to produce vinylidene chloride, and as a propellant in aerosol cans.

職業ばく露

1,1,1-Trichloroethane is used as a cleaning solvent, chemical intermediate for vinylidene chloride. In liquid form it is used as a degreaser and for cold cleaning, dip-cleaning; and bucket cleaning of metals. Other industrial applications of 1,1,1-trichlroethane’s solvent properties include its use as a dry-cleaning agent; a vapor degreasing agent; and a propellant. In recent years, 1,1,1-trichloroethane has found wide use as a substitute for carbon tetrachloride.

環境運命予測

Biological. Microbial degradation by sequential dehalogenation under laboratory conditions produced 1,1-dichloroethane, cis- and trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, chloroethane, and vinyl chloride. Hydrolysis products via dehydrohalogenation included acetic acid, 1,1-dichloroethylene (Dilling et al., 1975; Smith and Dragun, 1984), and HCl (Dilling et al., 1975). The reported halflives for this reaction at 20 and 25 °C are 0.5 to 2.5 and 1.1 yr, respectively (Vogel et al., 1987; ten Hulscher et al., 1992).
Groundwater. Under aerobic conditions, 1,1,1-trichloroethane slowly degraded to 1,1- dichloroethane (Parsons and Lage, 1985; Parson et al., 1985). Based on a study conducted by Bouwer and McCarty (1984), the estimated half-life of 1,1,1-trichloroethane in groundwater three months after injection was 200–300 d.
Surface Water. Estimated half-lives of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (4.3 μg/L) from an experimental marine mesocosm during the spring (8–16 °C), summer (20–22 °C), and winter (3–7 °C) were 24, 12, and 11 d, respectively (Wakeham et al., 1983).
Photolytic. Reported photooxidation products include phosgene, chlorine, HCl, and carbon dioxide (McNally and Grob, 1984). Acetyl chloride (Christiansen et al., 1972) and trichloroacetaldehyde (U.S. EPA, 1975) have also been reported as photooxidation products. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane may react with OH radicals in the atmosphere producing chlorine atoms and chlorine oxides (McConnell and Schiff, 1978). The rate constant for this reaction at 300 K is 9.0 x 10-9 cm3/molecule?sec (Hendry and Kenley, 1979).
Chemical/Physical. The evaporation half-life of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1 mg/L) from water at 25 °C using a shallow-pitch propeller stirrer at 200 rpm at an average depth of 6.5 cm was 18.7 min (Dilling, 1977).

輸送方法

UN2831 1,1,1-Trichloroethane, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

純化方法

Wash it successively with conc HCl (or conc H2SO4), aqueous 10% K2CO3 (Na2CO3), aqueous 10% NaCl, dry it with CaCl2 or Na2SO4, and fractionally distil it. It can contain up to 3% dioxane as preservative. This is removed by washing successively with 10% aqueous HCl, 10% aqueous NaHCO3 and 10% aqueous NaCl, and distilling over CaCl2 before use. [Beilstein 1 IV 138.]

不和合性

Not flammable under normal conditions. However, in close or closed spaces, it may form a dangerously explosive atmosphere. See also fireextinguishing section. Strong caustics; strong oxidizers; chemically active metals, such as aluminum, magnesium powder; sodium, potassium. Reacts slowly with water forming hydrochloric acid. Upon contact with hot metal or exposure to UV radiation, it will decompose to form hydrochloric acid, phosgene and dichloroacetylene. Forms shocksensitive mixtures with potassium or its alloys. Attacks natural rubber.

廃棄物の処理

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced. As an alternative to disposal, trichloroethane may be recovered from waste gases and liquids from various processes and recycled.

水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液) 生産企業

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71-55-6(水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液))キーワード:


  • 71-55-6
  • 1,1,1- threeethyl chloride
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in dimethyl sulfoxide
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane Standard
  • Residual Solvent Class 1 - 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Dimethyl Sulfoxide, USP 467 Standard
  • 1,1,1-trichloroethane(tcea)
  • 1,1,1-Trichloroethane-surfactants-butane-propane
  • 1,1,1-Tricloroetano
  • Aerothene TT
  • aerothenett
  • ai3-02061
  • alpha-T
  • alpha-Trichloroethane
  • baltana
  • caswellno875
  • CF 2
  • chlorothenesm
  • chlorothenevg
  • Chlorten
  • chlorthane-nu
  • chlorylen
  • Cleanite
  • Cut aid
  • Dabco CS90
  • Delf fabric protector
  • Distillex DS1
  • dowclenels
  • Ethana
  • Ethana nu
  • ethananu
  • 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン
  • 水質分析用標準溶液 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mL メタノール溶液)
  • 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン標準原液
  • メチルクロロホルム
  • 1,1,1トリクロロエタン
  • 1,1,1, - トリクロロエタン (メチルクロロホルム)およびその異性体、ただし1,1,2 -トリクロロエタンを除く
  • 1,1,1-トリクロルエタン
  • 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン (1mg/mLメタノール溶液) [水質分析用]
  • 1,1,1‐トリクロロエタン標準原液
  • 1,1,1-トリクロロエタン 溶液
  • 水中および土壌中の揮発性有機化合物分析用標準溶液
  • 標準溶液 (VOC)
  • 分析化学
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